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Abdul in the Garden Class 4 Notes CBSE EVS Chapter 19 (Free PDF Download)

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Class 4 EVS Abdul in the Garden Revision Notes and Worksheets: Make Your Study Time More Productive

Chapter 19 of Class 4 EVS is an introduction to the different types of roots of plants we see around us. This chapter is a beautiful interpretation of the root system and other features of different plants. Abdul was working with his father in the garden. It is his experience that depicts the features of the plants in this chapter. Abdul in the Garden summary tells us about different types of plants and their physical features.

To understand the concepts and context of this EVS chapter, refer to the CBSE Class 4 EVS chapter 19 Abdul in the Garden revision notes. These notes have been compiled by the top experts of Vedantu to offer you a simpler explanation to prepare this chapter. Go through the article for reading Class 4 EVS Abdul in the Garden summary, short notes and practice questions.

Download CBSE Class 4 EVS Revision Notes 2023-24 PDF

CBSE Class 4 EVS Revision Notes

Chapter 1: Going to School Notes

Chapter 2: Ear to Ear Notes

Chapter 3: A Day With Nandu Notes

Chapter 4: The Story of Amrita Notes

Chapter 5: Anita and the Honeybees Notes

Chapter 6: Omana’s Journey Notes

Chapter 7: From the Window Notes

Chapter 8: Reaching Grandmother’s House Notes

Chapter 9: Changing Families Notes

Chapter 10: Hu Tu Tu Hu Tu Tu Notes

Chapter 11: The Valley of Flowers Notes

Chapter 12: Changing Times Notes

Chapter 13: A River’s Tale Notes

Chapter 14: Basva’s Farm Notes

Chapter 15: From Market to Home Notes

Chapter 16: A Busy Month Notes

Chapter 17: Nandita in Mumbai Notes

Chapter 18: Too Much Water, Too Little Water Notes

Chapter 19: Abdul in the Garden Notes

Chapter 20: Eating Together Notes

Chapter 21: Food and Fun Notes

Chapter 22: The World in My Home Notes

Chapter 23: Pochampalli Notes

Chapter 24: Home and Abroad Notes

Chapter 25: Spicy Riddles Notes

Chapter 26: Defence Officer Wahida Notes

Chapter 27: Chuskit Goes to School Notes

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Access Class 4 Environmental Studies Chapter 19: Abdul in the Garden Notes

Abdul in the Garden will teach the students about different types of plants, their working dependency on roots and also different types of roots. This chapter is focused on the discussion of plants' entirety, the elaborate details of each topic in the chapter is covered in the Class 4 EVS Chapter 19 revision notes. The topics are explained in simple words and prepared by subject experts. Download the CBSE Class 4 EVS Abdul in the Garden worksheet in PDF format with the links provided here.

Summary of Abdul in the Garden

Going through the summary will give you an idea about all the things that you have to gain knowledge about and also read the further below-mentioned topics as they are crucial to learn. We have provided concise details of this chapter here, you can refer to the information here before you study the revision notes.

  • This chapter will help us to understand the different types of plants and role of roots in a plant. 

  • The part of a plant that connects it to the ground or to a support, usually underground, and transports water and nutrients to the rest of the plant through numerous branches and fibres is known as the roots of a plant.

Root has the following Functions

  • The plant's connection to the soil

  • Water and nutrient absorption from the soil

  • Water and nutrients are absorbed and transported to the stem.

  • Vegetative reproduction and competition with other plants.

  • Food storage.

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  • There are two main kinds of roots: taproots and fibrous roots.


  • When one main root grows straight down deep into the soil, it is called a taproot. 

  • It has a very small number of lateral roots that develop and grow from the main root.

  • The taproot is a secondary root that differs from the primary root. 

  • During seed development, the primary root is formed from the seedling's radicle.

  • Taproots are found in dicotyledons and gymnosperms.

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  • Examples: Beetroot, Burdock, Carrot, Sugar bee, Dandelion, Parsley, Parsnip, Poppy mallow.

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Fibrous Roots

  • The opposite of a taproot system is a fibrous root system.

  • It is usually formed by the stem's thin, moderately branching roots. 

  • Monocotyledonous plants and ferns all have a fibrous root system. 

  • When the tree has reached full maturity, the fibrous root systems resemble a root mat.

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  • Examples: Rice, wheat, maize, marigold, and banana.

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Vegetables that have Roots

  1. Beets.

  2. Parsnips.

  3. Turnips. 

  4. Rutabagas.

  5. Carrots.

  6. Jicama.

  7. Maca.

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Unusual Roots

  • In a Banyan Tree, the tree's roots can be seen hanging from the branches.

  • These sprout from the branches and descend to the ground.

  • These roots act as pillars, providing the tree with strong support.

  • The banyan tree, like all other trees, has roots in the ground.

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NCERT Class 4 EVS Abdul in the Garden Practice Questions

Q1. Fill in the blanks by selecting the correct word from those given in brackets.

  • The ............... (potato/carrot) can also be eaten raw.

Ans: Carrot

  • A vegetable with ............... (rough/smooth) surface is a root.

Ans: Rough

  • The ............... (neem/banyan) tree has hanging roots.

Ans: Banyan

  • The ............... (cotton/desert oak) tree has very long roots.

Ans: Desert Oak

Q2. How does a desert oak tree get water for its roots?

Ans: The long roots of desert oak trees provide water. Explanation: Oak trees, like most desert trees, have adapted to the dry environment.

Importance of CBSE Class 4 EVS Chapter 19 Abdul in the Garden

Environmental studies is a field study that covers both scientific knowledge and ethical values related to our environment. If you are wondering what else can you learn from the chapter Abdul in the Garden beside the discussion of plants, then check out the following points below:

  • This chapter tells us about the plants we see around us. For instance, Abdul was not able to pull grass but did it easily when it was a pea plant. His father explained the difference in their roots. He learned how different plants have different roots and how they use them to hold on to the ground.

  • He was also told a lot of things about the common vegetables we eat every day in Abdul in the Garden Class 4 EVS. This chapter describes vegetables and big trees. He also learns which plants don’t need watering due to their root systems.

  • He also saw a plant growing on the walls of his school. He was amazed by the plant’s features. All his queries are explained well in this chapter. To understand the context of this chapter, refer to the revision notes developed by the Vedantu experts.

Benefits of Vedantu’s Abdul in the Garden Class 4 EVS PDF

  • Get the easiest explanation of the sections of this chapter. Find out what information has been given in every section from the notes. Learn more about different types of plants from this chapter using the notes as a reference. Check how big plants grow and how they hold on to the ground during a storm.

  • Develop your concepts by using these notes. Recall these concepts before an exam to check your preparation level before an exam.

  • Solve the Abdul in the Garden worksheet to test your preparation level for this chapter. Find out where you need to work more and make your preparation better than the rest.

  • Practising the worksheets will help you increase your level of knowledge due to the different types of questions covered in them.

  • The revision notes are the best source for last-minute revision as they are concise and yet cover the entire chapter.

  • You can download the revision notes in PDF format and keep your study materials organised instead of surfing the internet for hours.

Preparation Tips for Class 4 EVS Chapter 19 Abdul in The Garden

Students are advised to go through the suggested tips for enhancing their preparation strategy and making their study time more efficient. Have a look at the top tricks for mastering the chapter:

  • Derive meaning of the chapter by thoroughly studying the chapter and match your perspective with the explanation given in the revision notes.

  • Write every difficult word that you come across and learn their meanings. You can incorporate these words into your answers for better answer framing.

  • Practise the long question answer on a regular basis as the questions might get lengthy in the exam.

  • Make sure to revise your answers and the essential topics covered in the chapter to perform excellently in the exam.

  • Solve questions that are given in the worksheets to fully prepare for the EVS exam.

  • EVS Chapter 19 explains about pants majorly, you can read more plants with some reference books for more knowledge.

Download Class 4 EVS Chapter 19 Revision Notes

Get the free PDF version of the revision notes for Class 4 EVS Chapter 19 Abdul in the Garden. Upgrade your study materials by downloading the expert-designed EVS revision notes and worksheets. Resolve doubts on your own with the help of these notes. Find out answers to fundamental questions such as how seedling looks on the eighth day using the knowledge given by the experts. Learn how to formulate the answers and score well in the exams.

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FAQs on Abdul in the Garden Class 4 Notes CBSE EVS Chapter 19 (Free PDF Download)

1. Do plants need water?

Yes, plants need water to survive just like animals. Some plants that are big in size can draw water from their roots. Smaller plants depend on the water on the topsoil. Plants that are harvested need watering on a regular basis.

2. Why Abdul was unable to pull grass with his bare hands?

The grass roots are very tough. They hold on to the ground very strongly. It is not possible for Abdul to pull them out with bare hands.

3. Where does radish grow?

Radish grows under the ground like potatoes and carrots. It is actually a root that stores food.

4. What was Abdul doing in the garden?

Abdul was helping his Abbu in the garden by clearing the dried leaves and grass from the vegetable beds. Abdul was learning how to pull out the grass from each of the beds.

5. How are the roots of the grass?

The roots of grass are strong and deep. They are longer and they grip the grass to the soil by spreading out beneath the ground more than the leaves are spread above the ground.

6. Which plant did Abdul see in the garden?

The plant that Abdul saw was the banyan plant. He saw a huge tree that had fallen on the roadside.