Urban Livelihoods Class 6 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 9 - PDF Download
Class 6 Civics Chapter 9 explains what urban livelihood means to young minds. They will learn different terms related to urban settlements and livelihood. There are 27 cities and more than 5000 towns in India. More than 14 million people reside in Kolkata, one of the busiest and most populated cities in the world. Imagine daily life and rush in cities like this? How these big cities behave like a single unit of settlement. If you follow the Urban Livelihood Class 6 Notes developed by the teachers of Vedantu, you will find out how an urban city behaves.
Class 6 Social Science - Civics Chapter 9 Urban Livelihoods Notes
Urban Livelihood: Class 6 CBSE Civics Chapter 9 Summary
The 6th chapter of this book will introduce you to the different parts of a busy urban livelihood. You will learn where people live, go to work, and find their daily necessities. An urban settlement is perfectly planned and constructed by the city planners so that everyone living in it can enjoy all the perks and facilities without breaking a sweat. This chapter will discuss the different segments of urban society and explain how they serve the purposes.
You will discover that nearly 12% of the people living in a city work on the streets. Their livelihood depends on what they do. They can own a small business, repair things, sell commodities, or work for other businesses. Most of the time, they are either self-employed or do not have a permanent solution related to employment. They are considered as the vendors and are mainly located in the hawking zones.
Showrooms and Market Areas
The markets are the places where you will find permanent or temporary shops where people can find their daily needs such as groceries, stationery, footwear, utensils, electronic goods, medicines, etc. Businesspersons are those who own these shops and cater to the daily needs of the population. The volume of their businesses depends on the amount of investment. They can be a small shop owner or a big businessman who owns showrooms or reputed brands. If you check the Urban Livelihood Class 6 Project, you will find a plethora of examples to follow.
The showrooms in the markets employ people. These places have workers and supervisors serving the business owner. For doing a business, one needs a proper license issued by the municipal corporation of a city. There are different kinds of shops in the market. A market is generally located close to or within an urban settlement. The location helps people to get their daily needs right on time. From medicines to clinics, groceries to stationeries, almost everything necessary is available in an urban market.
The factory area, on the other hand, is a specific zone far away from the populated areas in an urban settlement. Generally, a factory gets a license for manufacturing products from the respective regulatory authority. Small factories can exist in urban settlements. Only those factories that have pollution and waste management concerns will be settled in distant locations. Small units such as bakery, tailoring, and other enterprises can be found close to the population.
The workshop areas, on the other hand, lies away from the populated areas. This is where the labourers visit every day to find work. employees don’t have to look for work daily. These labourers can also be fond of lifting loads, constructing roads, emptying or loading carrier vehicles, digging pipelines, building houses, etc. This section of the population relies on physical labour. They have to work in unhealthy conditions to meet both ends. Their payments are also very nominal and limited.
This section of the urban livelihood describes the people who work in an office and give mental labour to meet both ends. They have a permanent employment solution and get a monthly remuneration in exchange for their daily services. If you follow the Urban Livelihood Class 6 Notes, you will learn that they spend on their families, education, and save money to afford an asset in the future. They also invest in different financial channels to earn money and enjoy benefits in the future.
They get holidays specified by a national calendar. The national holidays and weekends are enjoyed in different ways. They either visit a shopping complex, watch movies with friends and families, or rest at home. Their medical healthcare requirements are taken care of by the employer following certain protocols mandated by the government. They get different kinds of leaves granted by the employer on certain conditions.
As you can see, the Urban Livelihood Class 6 Project explains how the urban livelihood of different people varies according to their profession. Even though these people are living in the same city, a striking difference can be witnessed in their lifestyles.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. Why do we need workers or labourers?
A society cannot run without workers or labourers. All the heavy physical works are done by this section of the urban population. Without their assistance, it will become hard for many businesses to run. Eventually, the entire societal and economical system will crumble.
2. Why do we need office workers?
Office workers are mental labourers. They use their skills to serve an employer and accomplish something meaningful as a team. This results in the development of urban settlements. Their expenses also determine the livelihood of other sections.
3. What is TMS in Chapter 9 of Political Science of Class 6?
TMS stands for Tawa Matsya Sangh which is a working fishermen’s federation that supports and fights for the Satpura forest dwellers of Madhya Pradesh. Tawa Dam was constructed in this region from 1958 to 1978 that destroyed a large agricultural area which was the livelihood of the farmers living in the same area. The control of the area rested in hands of the private industrialists when the government gave them the fishing rights of Tawa reservoir and they exploited the dwelling farmers. This led to the rise of the fishermen's federation TMS. TMS planned successful campaigns and fought hard for their rights. As a result, in 1996 the government handed back the fishing rights to villagers.
4. Where can I get important questions for Chapter 9?
You can refer to the Important Questions for Class 7 Chapter 9 “Struggle for Equality” available at Vedantu’s website. This pdf consists of important questions that are mentioned in the prescribed textbook. These questions are included after observation and analysis of the previous years’ papers. The current syllabus and marking scheme have also been kept in mind while curating these important questions and their solutions. You can download Vedantu’s learning app as well to access the important questions.
5. What topics are covered in Chapter 9 “Struggle for Equality”?
Chapter 9 “Struggle for Equality” is an important chapter for exams but is also one of the fundamental rights of citizens of India. Thus, learning about the concept of equality is necessary for students. Political Science Class 6 briefly introduces this chapter to students. The prescribed textbook includes some of the basic yet prominent topics such as Struggles for Equality, Tawa Matsya Sangh, and the Indian Constitution as a living document. Students must learn these topics thoroughly.
6. What do you mean by equality as explained in Chapter 9 of Class 6?
In history, it has been recorded that people are discriminated against on various grounds. Equality is the solution to this concept. For Class 6, equality can be defined as the concept of treating people equally despite the differences that may exist between individuals. No person should be discriminated against based on gender, caste, colour, race, or nationality. Each person should be treated with equal respect and consideration on the common grounds of humanity.
7. How many questions are there in Chapter 9 of Class 6 in Political Science?
NCERT has an exercise at the end of each chapter and the same pattern follows for Chapter 9 struggle for equality. There are a total of five questions at the end of the chapter which covers almost all prominent concepts of the chapter. But you can always practise more questions through Vedantu’s website that provides practise papers and mock test papers free of cost. They provide you with all the possible questions that can be asked from the chapter struggle for equality.