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CBSE Geography Class 10 Notes 2023-24

Last updated date: 17th Apr 2024
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MVSAT 2024

CBSE Class 10 Geography Notes PDF Download For FREE

Class 10 Social Science has seven chapters based on various Geography topics. These topics have been included in the syllabus for the development of a conceptual foundation among the students. To make your preparation better, refer to the class 10th Geography Notes for revision prepared by the experts of Vedantu. These notes have been compiled following the latest CBSE syllabus and guidelines for exclusive preparation before exams.

CBSE Geography for Class 10 is an essential group of the Social Science clan. Geography is a theoretical subject that does reading and taking notes of the chapters easy for students. The CBSE Geography Class 10 Notes comprises a total of seven chapters that deal with the status of India's natural resources and their distribution across the different parts of the country. The chapter enlists the various manufacturing industries that deal with natural resources as raw materials. Geography Class 10 Notes also provides a brief comprehension of the technologies that help them connect in a way that fosters opportunities to rise.

Detailed Overview of Geography Class 10 Notes




Social Science (Geography)

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Chapter Wise

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  • Important Questions

  • NCERT Solutions

Geography Class 10 Notes: Chapter-wise Links

The Geography Class 10 Notes will help students prepare better for their board examinations. They are prepared by experts and are in accordance with the latest CBSE syllabus and guidelines. Class 10 SST notes are compact and precise yet detailed enough for a quick thorough revision. Students can glance through the notes for revision of the entire NCERT. Students can read these Class 10th Geography Notes for a regular revision.

NCERT Geography Class 10 Notes

The Geography Notes Class 10 consists of seven chapters that are enlisted as follows:

Chapter-1 Resources and Development

Chapter-1 of the Geography Notes Class 10 introduces Natural Resources, and its classification and students will also get an in-depth comprehension about the development of resources and resource planning in India. Chapter-1 of the Geography Notes Class 10 imparts knowledge on the classification of different types of soils and the land resources found in India. Finally, students discuss Soil Erosion and Soil Conservation and its impact on the environment.

Chapter-2 Forest and Wildlife Resources

The chapter-2 of Geography Notes Class 10 deals how all the living organisms form a complex web of an ecological system, the rich flora and fauna in India, and the steps that are required to conserve forest and wildlife in India. Chapter-2 gives a thorough explanation about the various steps that need to be taken by the citizens to conserve the wildlife resources and forest.

Chapter-3 Water Resources

In Chapter-3 students will get a thorough understanding of water resources. The chapter- Water Resources briefs students about the availability of freshwater on earth. It enlists the multiple situations on the scarcity of water generated. The chapter also discusses the pros and cons of constructing dams on rivers to conserve and save water. In the end, Chapter Water Resources talks about Rainwater Harvesting as a means to conserve water.

Chapter-4 Agriculture

Agriculture is a primary activity that produces a considerable amount of food raw material for various industries. In this chapter of the Geography Class 10 Notes, students learn about the implications and the reasons behind the two-thirds of India's population is engaged in agricultural activities. In CBSE Geography for Class 10, Agriculture chapter students will understand the different types of cropping patterns, the major crops grown in India, and the various farming techniques. Finally, the chapter imparts knowledge on how agriculture influences or contributes to the Output, National Economy, and Employment.

Chapter-5 Minerals and Energy Resources

This chapter of the Geography Class 10 Cbse Notes gives you an in-depth comprehension of the earth's crust and the different minerals embedded in the rocks. Students also imbibe about the various metals that can be extracted from the minerals after refinement. The chapter Minerals and Energy Resources enlists the various stages of development, and how humans utilise minerals for decoration purposes, ceremonial and religious rites, and for their livelihood. The chapter also briefs about the existence of different minerals, their classification, the various types of energy resources, and the various steps to conserve minerals and energy resources.

Chapter-6 Manufacturing Industries

Chapter-6 deals with the production of goods in large quantities through the process of the raw materials and the role of employees or workers in the textile industries, steel factories, bakeries, car, breweries, and more through secondary activities. Through the Geography Class 10 Notes, students will learn about the various manufacturing industries which fall in the secondary sector.

Chapter-7 Lifelines of National Economy

Through the Geography Class 10 Notes - Lifelines of National Economy, students will get an in-depth comprehension how the modern means of transport and communication serve as lifelines of our nation and its modern economy and how India is well-linked with the rest of the world. The chapter gives a brief understanding of the dense and efficient network of the transport system as a prerequisite for local, national, and global trade.

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Weightage 2023-24


Units Name



India and the Contemporary World – II



Contemporary India – II



Democratic Politics - II



Understanding Economic Development




Importance of CBSE Geography Class 10 Notes PDF

As mentioned earlier, there are seven crucial chapters included in this syllabus. These chapters focus on delivering concepts and knowledge related to important topics circling around resources and development, minerals, energy resources, forest, wildlife, industries, agriculture, etc.

To prepare these students will need the support of the complete study material that contains the Geography Class 10 Notes PDF for all chapters. These notes have been precisely designed in a simpler format so that students can easily comprehend the syllabus and learn all the fundamental principles.

The concepts in these chapters have been explained in a concise manner so that students can refer to these notes before an exam and find easiness to recall them. In fact, studying these notes will also make the students capable of recalling accurately during an exam and compiling precise answers to score well.

These notes are available in separate PDF files based on the chapters so that students can add more convenience in finding and accessing them from the list.

Benefits of CBSE Class 10 Geography Notes PDF

Score the maximum in your upcoming CBSE Geography paper with these NCERT revision notes. Make your last-minute revisions organised and efficient. Here are 5 reasons to refer to Vedantu’s Geography Notes Class 10.

  • The notes are designed with the prime intention to simplify the concepts and principles mentioned in the chapters. These notes will help you to focus on the prime topics and remember all of them.

  • Referring to these notes before an exam will also help you revise and recall the topics you have studied before. It means you can easily finish preparing the chapters included in an exam syllabus.

  • Formulating an answer will also become convenient when you can recall the easier format of these files. Hence, scoring good marks in Class 10 Social Science will be easier too.

  • There is no need to make notes when the experts have already done it for you. Save your previous study time and use these notes for preparing the chapters. Simply follow the Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Notes to prepare the chapter and proceed with the syllabus.

Related Links for CBSE Class 10 Social Science

Download Geography Class 10 Notes PDF For Quick Revision 

Why wait then? Get the free PDF versions of these notes for all the chapters. Perform the Geography Class 10 Notes PDF Download and complete your study material. Develop your concepts by using these notes along with the solutions framed by the experts. Develop your fundamental concepts for this subject, learn to answer questions precisely and ace all the exams.

FAQs on CBSE Geography Class 10 Notes 2023-24

1. Briefly Explain the Various Agro-Based Industries.

Agro-based industries are based on agriculture raw materials such as sugar, cotton, silk, edible oils, or woollen textiles.

Sugar Industry: India stands as the second-largest producer of sugar across the world but also occupies the first in the line in the production of Khandsari and Gur. The Sugar Industry is seasonal. 

Textile Industry: The Textile Industry is the only industry that completes the chain value through its self-reliance; that is, the conversion of raw materials to the highest value-added products. The Textile Industry is a primary contributor to foreign exchange earnings, industrial production, and employment generation.

Jute Textiles: India is the largest producer of jute and its goods across the globe, and most of the jute mills are located in West Bengal that runs along the banks of River Hugli.

2. Enlist Five Essential Steps that State the Importance of Conservation of the Forest and Wildlife.

The five crucial steps that preserve the importance of Conservation of the forest and wildlife resources are:

The Joint Forest Management programme of India furnishes an excellent example as it involves the management and restoration of degraded forests in local communities.

The Chipko movement in the Himalayas is a step that resisted deforestation in several areas, which is a result of the community afforestation.

The Bhairodev Dakav' Sonchuri' deals with the inhabitants of five villages in the Alwar district of Rajasthan which resulted in the declaration of the 1,200 hectares of forest with a set of rules and regulations that guard and protect the wildlife.

The Sariska Tiger Reserve held by the villagers of Rajasthan have fought against mining through the Wildlife Protection Act.

Finally, the farmers and citizens groups like the Beej Bachao Andolan were to conserve the adequate levels of diversified crop production without utilisation of synthetic chemicals.

3. What are the various chapters in Geography Class 10 Notes?

There are seven chapters in Class 10th Geography. Chapter 1 is all about Resource and Development. Other chapters shed light on several other natural resources like Water Resources and Forest Resources. Agriculture is dealt with in detail. This chapter is included in the textbook to enable students to understand what kind of farming system is practised in the country. Students are also familiarised with the lifelines of the Indian economy. For more information, refer to Vedantu’s NCERT solutions for Class 10th Geography Notes. These notes and solutions are present on Vedantu's official website ( and mobile app for free of cost.

4. What is Chapter 6 of Geography Notes Class 10 ?

Chapter 6 is about Manufacturing Industries. India’s economy is heavily dependent on agriculture and manufacturing industries. Industries form the backbone of all commercial development that takes place in the country. This chapter gives students an insight into how industries are built and what factors have to be taken into consideration. Moreover, students are also educated about the rampant pollution caused by these industries and the steps one can take to reduce it.

5. Why is water important as a resource in Geography Notes Class 10?

As it is explained in Chapter 3 of Class 10th Geography Notes, water is one of the most essential resources on the planet. It forms the basis of all life. Without water, no living organism can survive. However, the use of water is not restricted to just this. It is also used in several daily activities. Ironically, this natural resource is getting exhausted very quickly. Unless we take active measures to conserve water, we might face severe droughts very soon in the upcoming future.

6. Where can I download Class 10th Geography Notes?

Students often find themselves overwhelmed with studies and are unable to formulate a proper study plan for themselves. Moreover, with board exams coming up, students are bound to be under a lot of pressure. If you get access to geography notes made by some of the most experienced teachers in the country, you can surely boost your preparation even further. To download these notes for free, go to Vedantu’s website (

7. Are these revision notes of Class 10th Geography sufficient for board exam preparation?

All of the content on Vedantu’s website is reliable and has been curated by expert teachers. You can depend on their study material. These Class 10th CBSE  Geography Notes are no different. As long as you refer to previous papers and follow these notes, you will definitely score very good marks in your Class 10th board examinations. Remember, consistency is key. Be diligent in your preparation and you are bound to pass with flying colours.

8. What topics are covered in the Class 10 Geography notes?

Our Class 10 Geography notes cover a range of topics including resources and development, water resources, agriculture, minerals and energy resources, and more.

9. Are the Class 10 Geography notes aligned with the CBSE curriculum?

Yes, our Class 10 Geography notes are designed to closely follow the CBSE curriculum, ensuring that students cover all the essential topics for their exams.

10. Do the Geography Class 10 Notes PDF Download include diagrams and illustrations?

Absolutely! Our Geography Notes Class 10 include diagrams, maps, and illustrations to help students visualize geographical concepts and understand them better.

11. Are the Class 10 Geography notes available for free download?

Yes, our Geography Notes Class 10 are available for free PDF download, making them easily accessible to all students.

12. How can I use the Geography Class 10 Notes PDF effectively for exam preparation?

You can use our Class 10 Geography notes to supplement your textbook reading, revise key concepts, practice answering questions, and enhance your overall understanding of geography for better exam performance.