Ans: The five crucial steps that preserve the importance of Conservation of the forest and wildlife resources are:
The Joint Forest Management programme of India furnishes an excellent example as it involves the management and restoration of degraded forests in local communities.
The Chipko movement in the Himalayas is a step that resisted deforestation in several areas, which is a result of the community afforestation.
The Bhairodev Dakav' Sonchuri' deals with the inhabitants of five villages in the Alwar district of Rajasthan which resulted in the declaration of the 1,200 hectares of forest with a set of rules and regulations that guard and protect the wildlife.
The Sariska Tiger Reserve held by the villagers of Rajasthan have fought against mining through the Wildlife Protection Act.
Finally, the farmers and citizens groups like the Beej Bachao Andolan were to conserve the adequate levels of diversified crop production without utilisation of synthetic chemicals.