Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 3 - PDF Download
The Chapter starts with a story that depicts the raising of voice against social discrimination and division. Then the chapter states the meaning of social divisions and suggests the types of social division. The last part of the chapter explains the effects of democratic politics on social divisions.
FAQs on Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Notes CBSE Political Science Chapter 3 [Free PDF Download]
1. What are the factors that affect the politics of social difference?
The three significant factors that determine the outcome of a social difference in politics are:
The first factor is how people recognize themselves or their identities. If people see themselves as unique or singular, it becomes difficult to cope. The interests of the people should complement the nation’s interest.
The second factor is how political parties respond to the demand of communities.
The third and last factor is how the government solves or responds to the different groups’ demands.
2. How are the Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Notes helpful?
The Notes of Civics Class 10 Chapter 3 Democracy and Diversity prepared by Vedantu’s experts help the students to understand the actual meaning of democracy and social discriminations. The notes help the students in getting a complete overview of the chapter. These notes come with worked out exercises and other essential questions. A student can access these notes free of cost and will guide you throughout the learning process. These notes are prepared by expert teachers who ensure that they are error-free and of top quality.
3. What was the 'Civil Rights Movement' in the United States? Explain.
In the USA, the Civil Rights Movement started in 1954 and lasted till 1968. The movement refers to a set of events and reform movements led by Martin Luther King Jr. It aimed at abolishing legal racial discrimination against African-Americans and practiced non-violent methods of civil disobedience against those laws and practices which were racially discriminatory. Its aim was to gain equal rights for the Black American under the law.
4. Which type of social difference is more dangerous and why?
When some social differences overlap with other differences, overlapping differences will occur which is dangerous. People will start to have the feeling that they belong to different communities when one kind of social difference becomes more important than the other. Therefore, this might lead to deep social divisions and tensions. For example- In United States, black and white differences became a social division as blacks were poor and landless and they often face injustice and discrimination.
5. How were the Civil Rights Movement and the Black Power Movement different from each other ?
The Civil Rights Movement which started in 1954 and ended in 1968 was led by Martin Luther King Jr. The movement aim was to abolish legal racial discrimination against African-Amercians. It practiced non-violent methods of civil disobedience against the laws and practices which were racially discriminatory.
Black Power Movement was anti-racist movement which started in 1966 and ended in 1975. It was more of a militant anti-racist movement and if necessary, to end the racism in the United States, it even advocated violence. In 1968 Mexico Olympics, this movement was highlighted when Carlos and Smith wore black socks without shoes at the medal ceremony in order to draw international attention to racial discrimination in the United States. To understand more on this chapter, you can visit Vedantu.
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6. Name five countries of the world which have already faced or are facing the problems of social divisions.
Our country, India is facing the problems of social divisions that are based on caste, religion, gender, etc. Even now, Sri Lanka is facing the problem of language, cultural and religious diversities. United Kingdom already faced the problem of religious divisions between Protestants and Catholics in Ireland. The problem of linguistic diversities was faced by Belgium and it has been resolved by the formation of a community government. The problem of racial discrimination was faced by the African-Amercians in USA.
7. What will I learn from the Chapter 3 of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science?
Students will be able to learn about various topics and sub topics from Chapter 3 (Democracy and Diversity) of Political Science from Class 10. The first topic is about a Story from the Mexico Olympics. The second topic is Differences, similarities, divisions. Under this, students will get to know about Origins of social differences as well as Overlapping and cross-cutting differences. The third topic is Politics of social divisions. Under this topic, students will get knowledge on Range of outcomes and the Three determinants.