Rural Livelihoods Class 6 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 8 - PDF Download
Social Science subject presents many interesting stories about our country, India. Reading the whole chapter might not be possible sometimes. This is when revision through the summary of the chapter could be done. Students can get Social Science rural livelihood Class 6 notes in PDF and various other formats here.
These notes are made by subject matter experts who possess a thorough understanding of the subject. Below the summary of the 6th chapter would make it easy for you to revise rural livelihood Class 6 chapter.
Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 8 Rural Livelihoods Notes
Let us get into the brief on what rural livelihood Class 6 consist:
Life in Rural Areas of Kalpattu Village
Kalpattu village is near the sea coast of Tamil Nadu, surrounded by low hills, where the rural livelihood of the families involves engaging in agriculture. Paddy is the main crop that is grown here. One can also find mango orchards, coconut groves, sugar cane, cotton, and plantain. Apart from that, people are engaged in various non-farming occupations like construction working, lorry drivers, basket making, etc.
In the main street, which looks like a bazaar, people are engaged in a variety of business for their livelihoods such as tea shops, grocery shops, a barbershop, a tailor shop, fertilizer and seed shops. There are four tea shops, which sell tiffins- such as idli, dosa, and upama in the morning and snacks like vada, bonda and Mysore Pak in the evening.
On Being in Debt
Small farmers need to borrow money from moneylenders to purchase basic things like seeds, fertilizers, and pesticides. They have to face major crop failure sometimes due to poor quality of seeds, pest attacks, or even lack of rain during the monsoon season. When this happens, farmers sometimes are unable to pay back their loans. They have to borrow more money for the survival of the family. Eventually, the loan becomes so large that despite their earnings, they are unable to repay. In recent times, this has become a major cause of distress among those in rural areas, leading to many farmers committing suicide.
Agricultural Labourers and Farmers in India
In India, nearly forty percent of rural families are agricultural labourer families. There are some small farmers also in rural areas who own barely enough land to meet their needs, like Sekhar. In India, 80 percent of farmers belong to this group and the other 20 percent are similar to Ramalingam. These large farmers are cultivating this large part of the land in rural areas and the majority of their produce is sold in the market.
Animal husbandry, dairy produce, fishing, & others are some activities in which people are engaged in, apart from farming. For example, people living in rural areas of Central India depend upon both farming and collection of forest produce for their income. Their other source of livelihood is selling milk to the village cooperative society or taking it to the nearby town.
In villages, people find ways to earn money for livelihood. Some work on farms while others engage in non-farm activities. Various stages of work are involved in farmland like preparing the land, sowing, weeding, and then harvesting the crops. The growth of the crops depends upon several natural factors, such as rainfall, water availability, and so on. Life in rural areas is usually busy during sowing, harvesting, and less so at other times. There are varieties of crops that are grown in rural areas and this variety depends upon the terrain and weather conditions.
However, we do find similarities in people’s lives in rural areas. Likewise, similarities also exist in the type of problems they face. As agriculture is the main occupation therefore farmers grow crops both for their requirements and to sell in the market. Some people in rural areas have to sell their crops to traders from whom they have borrowed money. As there is a lack of work available in the rural areas, many families need to borrow money from moneylenders for their survival. Some families in the rural areas have businesses, large acres of land, and other activities to thrive upon. However, primarily small farmers, fishing families, labourers, craftspeople and others do not find enough work to survive throughout the year.
So, above was the summary of rural livelihood Class 6 notes. Do read the summary of more chapters from our website or download in PDF format.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. Why do farmers fall in debt?
In India, the majority of farmers, especially in Amravati region of Maharashtra are in debt. One of the reasons they are in debt is because they do not get good prices for their crops. This creates a problem in solving the loan issue. To secure the loan, they put up their crops for next harvesting as collateral. They further need money to buy livestock and seeds.
2. How is livelihood affected by drought?
Drought has largely affected rural livelihood. There have been many reports claiming how climate change will be having serious problems on farming in India and other parts of India. There will be a huge income drop of farmers, which will certainly lead to increase in the suicide. There are more and more drought hotspots in India, and it's increasing. It is important to have better water management, better technology to predict climate change and government support.