Electoral Politics Class 9 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 3 - PDF Download
NCERT Class 9 electoral politics chapter describes the role of election in a democratic country. It gives information on how the representatives are elected, how the election takes place and the importance of the election. Furthermore, the chapter describes the election process in India.
Electoral politics notes give an in-depth analysis of the different stages of an election in a democratic country. The chapter also answers what makes an election in India democratic. Finally, it describes the role of the Election Commission in ensuring fair and free elections.
Class 9 Social Science Political Science Chapter 3 Electoral Politics
Electoral Politics Notes Class 9
The election is the ultimate power in the hands of the ordinary people to build the government of their choice. Elections can change the people in power and bring significant changes in policies. People can choose who will make laws for them through elections. In democratic countries, people rule through their representatives who are elected through free and fair elections. Everyone can't rule individually.
What Makes an Election Democratic?
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Electoral politics class 9 summary describes the features of a free and fair election. In a free and fair election, everyone should have the right to vote, and every vote should be equal. There should be at least two parties to choose from. Elections must take place frequently within a few years. People should be allowed to decide on their own without any direct or indirect influence.
Is Political Competition Good?
Electoral politics class 9 notes describe how political Competition creates disunity and factionalism. People become too competitive and use dirty politics to win the election. Leaders often create policies to stay in power without thinking about the long-term effect of it. Many educated people do not feel comfortable to join such unhealthy competition.
However, the makers of the Constitution have thought about this issue. Though there are bad effects, the good outcomes overcome the bad effects. Political competition and frequent elections create pressure on the political leaders to work for the people.
What are Electoral Constituencies Class 9
In India, Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha general elections are held every five years. However, if death or resignation occurs, the by-election is held. India is divided into 543 constituencies so that the people can choose leaders from their areas. Each constituency has almost the same number of citizens. The elected people from these constituencies are called members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). Within these constituencies, urban areas have several municipality wards, and rural areas have several gram panchayats.
What are Reserved Constituencies?
The makers of the Constitution thought of giving equal opportunity to everyone. They worried whether the backward classes would be able to fight the election or not. So, the reservation system is there Lok Sabha, municipality, and gram panchayat. In Lok Sabha, 84 seats are reserved for SC and ST candidates. Nowadays, there are reservations for OBC and women candidates as well in municipalities and gram panchayats.
The government prepares the list of eligible voters before the election. In India, anyone after the age of 18 years can vote. However, some criminals and mentally challenged persons are denied their voting rights in some rare cases. Apart from that, anyone regardless of his/her gender, caste, and religion can vote. The voters' list is updated after every five years to ensure its clarity.
Nomination of Candidates
In India, everyone who can vote can be nominated as a candidate as well. However, one has to be a minimum of 25 years old to get nominated. Recently, the Supreme Court decided that every nominated person has to make a few of their public like their criminal record, assets, liabilities, and education qualification. People can choose their leaders wisely with the help of this information.
Election campaigns play a vital role in an election. In our country, candidates can do election campaigns for two weeks after the final list of candidates gets published. However, the political parties start making preparations a long back. Political parties come up with various major issues, make promises, and blame opposition parties.
Newspapers and media also get filled with election-related news. However, activities like threatening the voters, asking for a vote in the name of caste or religion, using the government's money or resources for promotion, and using an excessive amount of money for promotion are not allowed in India.
Polling and Counting of Votes
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Election in India
On the day of the election, people go to their nearest election booth and cast their votes. One agent of every candidate can stay in the booth. In a few days, all these votes are calculated, and results are declared. Newspapers and media cover the result declaration process.
What Makes Election in India Democratic?
Electoral politics notes describe how a strong Election Commission monitors the activities of the election in India. The Election Commission has the power to implement new guidelines, punish a candidate or a political party, introduce a code of conduct, and control the overall process of election. In India, a large number of people cast their vote and candidates peacefully accept the result of the election.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. Is political competition healthy?
Political Competition creates disunity and factionalism. People become too competitive and use dirty politics to win the election. Leaders often create policies to stay in power without thinking about the long-term effect of it. Though there are bad effects, the good outcomes overcome the bad effects. Political competition and frequent elections create pressure on the political leaders to work for the people.
2. What is called a voters' list?
The government prepares the list of eligible voters before the election. In India, anyone after the age of 18 years can vote. However, some criminals and mentally challenged persons are denied their voting rights in some rare cases. Apart from that, anyone regardless of his/her gender, caste, and religion can vote.