CBSE Class 10 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 4 Notes - Gender, Religion and Caste

Gender, Religion and Caste Class 10 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 4 - PDF Download

Gender, Religion and Caste is one of the most important chapters in the Political Science subject. At Vedantu, Gender, Religion and Caste notes are provided in a precise and exam-friendly manner. In the notes of Civics Class 10 Chapter 4, three types of social differences can be seen, i.e. on the basis of gender, religion and caste. You can easily access the Gender, Religion and Caste Class 10 notes PDF to understand the social divisions and inequalities. As you go through the notes thoroughly, you will gain knowledge and be able to clear your doubts.

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CBSE Class 10 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 4 Notes - Gender, Religion and Caste part-1

Gender and Politics

Gender division is considered to be a curse to society. However, it has been taken for granted for many years. It is not based on biological factors. It is created on the basis of social expectations.


Public/Private Division

In the Gender, Caste and Religion Class 10 notes, you will find that in spite of women consisting half of humanity, their role in public life, especially politics, is negligible in the maximum number of societies. Due to the recent feminist movements, the above scenario has changed a bit. However, there still exists some inequalities everywhere. Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 notes focus on the ways of discriminations women have to face in society:

  • The female literacy rate is only 54% in comparison with the male literacy rate of 76%.

  • Generally, an Indian woman performs her duty one hour more than an average man every day, but her extra work is not paid. However, this situation is changed through the enactment of The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976.

  • Sex-selective abortion leads to a reduction in the child sex ratio in India.

  • Women are unsafe, particularly in urban areas.

According to the Class 10 Gender Religion and Caste notes, the proportion of elected women members in Lok Sabha is around 12% of its aggregate strength for the first time in 2014. In the State Assemblies, the percentage becomes only 5%. Gender, Religion and Caste Class 10 notes by Vedantu will let you know that the only way to solve the gender discrimination problem in India is to increase the number of women representatives in every sphere of legislatures, such as Lok Sabha, State Legislative Assemblies, panchayats, etc.


Gender, Religion and Caste Class 10 notes: Religion and Communalism

What is Religion?

The differentiation based on religious conflicts is often articulated in the domain of politics. There are several religions in India. The requirements, interests and demands of people should be uttered by them as a member of the religious community.


What is Communalism Class 10?

Communalism refers to the use of religion in politics. Communalism is based on a few points as mentioned below:

  • If the philosophy of one religion is represented as superior to that of other religions.

  • If the issues of one religious group are created in opposition to another.

  • If the power of State is utilized to set up the domination of one religious group over the remaining groups.

Caste in Politics Class 10

Caste and Politics is one of the most significant topics in Class 10 Gender, Religion and Caste notes. It includes inequalities in caste. Occupations are transferred from one generation to another in most of the societies. The ultimate form of the above-mentioned system is the caste system. In the caste system, members of the similar caste were supposed to create a social community that practised the analogous occupation, married within the caste group etc.


Caste in Politics Class 10 can be Derived in Various Ways

  1. Political parties generally nurture the representatives of various castes and tribes if the parties select their candidate or Govt is formed.

  2. Appeals are made by the political parties and candidates to win the elections by utilizing the sentiments.

  3. Caste-based issues are raised by the political parties to acquire political support.

  4. People belonging to lower castes are made conscious about the rights to vote and powers.

Did You Know?

  • Every caste group tries to become larger by including neighbouring castes or sub-castes.

  • There are fresh kinds of caste groups in politics namely ‘backward’ and ‘forward’ caste groups.

  • In India, there doesn’t exist any official religion.

  • The discrimination on grounds of religion is strictly prohibited by the Constitution of India.

  • Government intervention is permitted in the issues of religion in view of ensuring equality within religious communities.

  • Communalism takes the worst form of it by communal violence, riots and massacre.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. What is a Secular State?

Ans. Secularism is one of the most important topics for which you have well-prepared Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 notes PDF. A Secular State is a nation where there does not exist any particular religion. Any religious discrimination is strictly prohibited by the constitution of that particular State. People of every religion can practise their religious activities freely. The concept of Secular State is based on restriction of domination of the majority over the minority. The word Secularism was added to the Indian Constitution by the 42nd Amendment Act in 1976. To ensure equality within religious communities, government intervention is allowed by the Constitution of India.

Q2. What is the Theory of Communal Politics?

Ans. Communalism Class 10 is based on the theory of Communal Politics. According to the theory of Communal Politics:

  • Society is formed on the basis of religion.

  • One community must be formed by the followers of a religion.

  • The basic interests of the community are similar.

The theory of Communalism is proved to be wrong due to the following aspects:

  • It is impossible for people of similar religion to always have a similar interest and aspirations.

  • Every person possesses different identities in different domains.

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