Class 6 Social Science Notes CBSE

Notes for CBSE Class 6 Social Science - Free PDF Download

Class 6 marks the beginning of the formation of a conceptual background of the understanding of the society that we live in. Through the NCERT Class 6 social science notes, students gain knowledge regarding the basic ideas of certain events of the historical context and factors of geography and politics together forming the concept of a society. Learning the factors that provide an insight into the working of the society can be very important for students to form opinions and ideas along with building objectives for future education. History, Geography, and Civics form the three branches of the subject social science of Class 6th.

Class 6 Social Science Notes PDF Download

6th Standard Social Science Notes

All of the three aforementioned branches of the 6th standard social science are aimed at forming a basic understanding of the world around us how the various events have affected it's working as well as governance. The Social Science subject for class 6th consists of separate factors of the society which influence each other to some extent and provide students with diverse knowledge of the evolution of the current society as differentiated with only a brief understanding provided by the subject of Environmental Science studied in Class 5.


History

This branch provides students with an overview of our colourful past including aspects such as food, clothing, crafts, trade, games etc. along with providing an insight to the ancient understanding of the Indian regional land that they used to reside in. It also includes the understanding of people who were hunters and gathers, the discovery of fire, farming, and various other such events that have made their marks in history towards an ever-changing environment for human beings leading towards a settled way of life and the earliest of the cities including the likes of the Harappan cities. In addition to this, the subject gives a brief insight into the governance of the land by rulers and the economical and financial aspects of such governance. It also includes certain impacts of new ideologies that led to the formation of new structures of power and rules and regulations. This entails significance for the students of class 6th in the sense that they can understand how ancient sets of ideologies and power have led to the working of the current form of society and it's various pillars of governance and justice.


Geography

The geography division of Class 6th social science mostly entails the understanding of the Earth and solar system and it's working. The movement of planets and the existence of day and night along with the planets and satellites that form part of the solar system mark the beginning of this subject. Class 6th geography is fairly interesting because it moves inward according to the mass of the geographic location. This means that the chapters move from the solar system to that of the Earth, and then specifically to our country - India. 


Civics

The Civics beach of Class 6 social science provides a basic understanding of the diversity of human beings having distinguished languages, cultural backgrounds and religions as well as an understanding of self and others. It provides a further diversity that is at the heart of India as a country forming strong opinions towards the unity in the country through its diversity. However, it can be very well understood that diversity always leads to the formation of certain majorities and minorities within Indian communities and the subsequent creation of stereotypes, discrimination, and prejudice calling for the sake of equality amongst all. After the formation of the aforementioned understanding, the subject leads to the need for a democratic government and the multiplicity of features that it includes serving justice at all levels whether it is urban or rural.


Benefits of Class 6 Social Science Notes PDF

The NCERT class 6 social science notes PDF helps students to properly comprehend the meaning of all the concepts thoroughly in a manner that helps them in forming a strong conceptual background so that the knowledge gained stays with them in future as well. In addition to this, the notes cover all of the topics mentioned in the NCERT book and are written in a very lucid way for easy comprehension by students. The notes are also compiled by expert teachers and are by the latest guidelines of the CBSE board. Finally, these notes will make it easier for students to effectively prepare for examinations by giving extra focus to parts that they find comparatively difficult.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. Give a brief description of Jainism.

Vardhamana Mahavira was the last and 24th Tirthankara of the Jainas. He was the Kshatriya prince of the Lichchavis, a community that was part of the Vajji sangha. He left home at the age of 30 and went to live in the hills. He lived a rough and solitary life for 12 years at the end of which he achieved enlightenment. He taught a clear doctrine: men and women who wanted to discover the truth had to leave their homes. They must strictly obey the laws of ahimsa.

Mahavira disciples, known as Jainas, had to lead very simple lives. They had to be completely honest, and they were particularly asked not to loot. They had to practise celibacy, too. And the men had to give it all up, including their clothing.

Q2. Explain the three levels of Panchayat.

In rural areas, Gram Panchayat is the first level or level of democratic government. The Panch and the Gram Panchayat-answered to the Gram Sabha-are the members of the Gram Sabha who elected them. The principle of citizens engaging in the Panchayati Raj system applies to two other stages, where the Block level is one of them, called the Janpad Panchayat or the Panchayat Samiti, with several Gram Panchayats under it. Above the Panchayat Samiti is the Panchayat district or the Zila Parishad, which is planning creation at the district level.

Q3. Explain the concept of ruling the empire according to Chapter 7 of Class 6 History.


Different areas of a large empire were ruled differently. Farmers, herders, craftspeople, and traders had to pay taxes, and officials were appointed to collect them (who lived in villages and towns in the area). They also retaliated against people who defied the ruler's directives by paying officials. Messengers were sent and received. Spies were also keeping an eye on the officials. With the support of members of the royal family and key ministers, the emperor oversaw them all.


Q4. Explain continents and their variations according to Revision Notes of Class 6 Social Sciences.


Seven main continents are separated by enormous bodies of water. Asia is the largest continent on the planet. It makes up nearly a third of the world's total land area. The Eastern Hemisphere is home to the continent. This continent is crossed by the Cancer Tropic. The Ural Mountains in western Asia separate it from Europe. Eurasia is the united landmass of Europe and Asia. Europe is a fraction of the size of Asia. To the west of Asia is the continent. It is traversed by the Arctic Circle. For more information visit the Vedantu Mobile app or vedantu website and access the content for free.

Q5. Elaborate physical divisions in India according to Revision Notes of Class 6 Social Sciences.


The Great Indian Desert, a dry, scorching, and sandy tract of terrain in western India, is located there. The Peninsular plateau occupies the southern part of the northern plains. There are various hill ranges and valleys in this area. On the northwest side, the Aravalli hills, one of several world's oldest mountains, border it. The Vindhyas and Satpuras are the two most significant ranges. These ranges are crossed by the Narmada and Tapi rivers. These are rivers that flow west and empty into the Arabian Sea. The plateau is bordered on the west by the Western Ghats, or Sahyadris, and on the east by the Eastern Ghats. To the south of the Himalayas are the Northern Indian plains. They're mostly flat and level. These are made up of alluvial deposits left by rivers including the Indus, Ganga, and the Brahmaputra, as well as their tributaries. The fertile soil on these river plains is ideal for farming. This is the cause for the high population density on these plains.

Q6. Discuss wildlife and its features according to Revision Notes of Class 6 Social Sciences.


Forests are home to a diverse range of animal species, including reptiles, amphibians, mammals, birds, insects, and worms, among others. Our national animal is the tiger. It can be found everywhere in the Nation. Asiatic lions can be found in Gujarat's Gir forest. Assam's jungles are home to elephants and one-horned rhinoceroses. Kerala and Karnataka are also home to elephants. The Great Indian desert and the Rann of Kachchh, respectively, are home to camels and wild asses. In India, there are hundreds of different snake species. Cobras and kraits are among the most dangerous. Several species of animals in India are fast diminishing as a result of forest cutting and hunting. Many species have already vanished. Many national parks, sanctuaries, and biosphere reserves have been established to safeguard them. To safeguard these species, the government has launched Project Tiger and Project Elephant.

Q7. Explain difference and prejudice according to Revision Notes of Class 6 Social Sciences.


The geography and history of the location where we live influence a range of things, including how we live, the languages we speak, what we eat, dress, the games we play, and the things we commemorate. Take a look at these examples to get a sense of how diverse India is. India is home to eight of the world's major faiths, as well as 1600 different languages and a hundred different dance forms. However, individuals are more comfortable with those who look, dress, and think like them, thus diversity is not always celebrated. People who are different may appear strange or unusual to them. They can have preset notions about them. One perception is that villages are illiterate, while city dwellers are materialistic and lazy. When our attitudes toward a group of people are consistently bad, we become prejudiced against them. Prejudice refers to an unfavorable judgment of others or a view of them as inferior. We can be prejudiced about a variety of factors, including people's religious views, skin color, ethnicity, place of origin, accent, clothing, and more. We don't want to develop friendships with people because of our prejudices about them, and we may even act in ways that harm others.


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