Class 6 Social Science Notes CBSE

Notes for CBSE Class 6 Social Science - Free PDF Download

Class 6 marks the beginning of the formation of a conceptual background of the understanding of the society that we live in. Through the NCERT Class 6 social science notes, students gain knowledge regarding the basic ideas of certain events of the historical context and factors of geography and politics together forming the concept of a society. Learning the factors that provide an insight into the working of the society can be very important for students to form opinions and ideas along with building objectives for future education. History, Geography, and Civics form the three branches of the subject social science of Class 6th.

Class 6 Social Science Notes PDF Download

6th Standard Social Science Notes

All of the three aforementioned branches of the 6th standard social science are aimed at forming a basic understanding of the world around us how the various events have affected it's working as well as governance. The Social Science subject for class 6th consists of separate factors of the society which influence each other to some extent and provide students with diverse knowledge of the evolution of the current society as differentiated with only a brief understanding provided by the subject of Environmental Science studied in Class 5.


This branch provides students with an overview of our colourful past including aspects such as food, clothing, crafts, trade, games etc. along with providing an insight to the ancient understanding of the Indian regional land that they used to reside in. It also includes the understanding of people who were hunters and gathers, the discovery of fire, farming, and various other such events that have made their marks in history towards an ever-changing environment for human beings leading towards a settled way of life and the earliest of the cities including the likes of the Harappan cities. In addition to this, the subject gives a brief insight into the governance of the land by rulers and the economical and financial aspects of such governance. It also includes certain impacts of new ideologies that led to the formation of new structures of power and rules and regulations. This entails significance for the students of class 6th in the sense that they can understand how ancient sets of ideologies and power have led to the working of the current form of society and it's various pillars of governance and justice.


The geography division of Class 6th social science mostly entails the understanding of the Earth and solar system and it's working. The movement of planets and the existence of day and night along with the planets and satellites that form part of the solar system mark the beginning of this subject. Class 6th geography is fairly interesting because it moves inward according to the mass of the geographic location. This means that the chapters move from the solar system to that of the Earth, and then specifically to our country - India. 


The Civics beach of Class 6 social science provides a basic understanding of the diversity of human beings having distinguished languages, cultural backgrounds and religions as well as an understanding of self and others. It provides a further diversity that is at the heart of India as a country forming strong opinions towards the unity in the country through its diversity. However, it can be very well understood that diversity always leads to the formation of certain majorities and minorities within Indian communities and the subsequent creation of stereotypes, discrimination, and prejudice calling for the sake of equality amongst all. After the formation of the aforementioned understanding, the subject leads to the need for a democratic government and the multiplicity of features that it includes serving justice at all levels whether it is urban or rural.

Benefits of Class 6 Social Science Notes PDF

The NCERT class 6 social science notes PDF helps students to properly comprehend the meaning of all the concepts thoroughly in a manner that helps them in forming a strong conceptual background so that the knowledge gained stays with them in future as well. In addition to this, the notes cover all of the topics mentioned in the NCERT book and are written in a very lucid way for easy comprehension by students. The notes are also compiled by expert teachers and are by the latest guidelines of the CBSE board. Finally, these notes will make it easier for students to effectively prepare for examinations by giving extra focus to parts that they find comparatively difficult.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Give a brief description of Jainism.

Vardhamana Mahavira was the last and 24th Tirthankara of the Jainas. He was the Kshatriya prince of the Lichchavis, a community that was part of the Vajji sangha. He left home at the age of 30 and went to live in the hills. He lived a rough and solitary life for 12 years at the end of which he achieved enlightenment. He taught a clear doctrine: men and women who wanted to discover the truth had to leave their homes. They must strictly obey the laws of ahimsa.

Mahavira disciples, known as Jainas, had to lead very simple lives. They had to be completely honest, and they were particularly asked not to loot. They had to practise celibacy, too. And the men had to give it all up, including their clothing.

2. Explain the three levels of Panchayat.

In rural areas, Gram Panchayat is the first level or level of democratic government. The Panch and the Gram Panchayat-answered to the Gram Sabha-are the members of the Gram Sabha who elected them. The principle of citizens engaging in the Panchayati Raj system applies to two other stages, where the Block level is one of them, called the Janpad Panchayat or the Panchayat Samiti, with several Gram Panchayats under it. Above the Panchayat Samiti is the Panchayat district or the Zila Parishad, which is planning creation at the district level.

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