Class 6 Geography Notes CBSE

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Notes for CBSE Class 6 History PDF Download

The Geography Class 6 Notes are the most crucial and reliable source of study material for students willing to have an in-depth knowledge of the subject. These notes act as a guide for the students and help them in securing better grades. The Class 6 Geography Notes are prepared as per the Class 6 CBSE syllabus and cover all the chapters included in the subject. These notes give a complete insight into all the chapters and explain everything in detail to the students. The notes have all the questions with answers for the students and being prepared by the most experienced teachers, ensures them to be error-free and of better quality.

Class 6 Social Science Geography Notes

Geography Class 6 Overview

Here we have given the chapter details for the easy understanding of the students.

Chapter 1: The Earth in The Solar System

In this chapter, you will learn about earth and the other planets in the solar system. The Earth is known as the blue planet. It is the third planet of the solar system. As compared in size, the earth is the fifth largest planet in the solar system. This chapter also gives a brief on other planets and the other heavenly bodies in our solar system. Our solar system consists of various other planets such as Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune, and Uranus. Besides that our solar system also consists of other heavenly bodies such as asteroids, meteors, and comets.

Chapter 2: Globe: Latitudes And Longitudes

The chapter teaches us about the globe, how to study a globe and it also gives details about longitudes and latitudes. Latitudes are the lines that run from east to west. They range from 0o to 90o. The equator is the most extended latitude. Longitudes are the lines that run from north to south. These lines range from 0o to 180o. The most extended longitude being the prime meridian. 

Chapter 3: Motions of the Earth

In this chapter, we learn about the different motions of the earth. The earth has two types of motions, and they are rotation and revolution. Rotation is the motion which the earth exhibits while moving on its axis. Whereas, revolution is the movement that the earth shows while moving around the sun.

Chapter 4: Maps

The chapter gives detailed information about maps and how to study a map. A map can be defined as a visual representation of an area on a flat surface such as a paper. Maps show various features of a particular area such as climate, vegetation, roads, railways, political divisions, etc. 

Chapter 5: Major Domains of the Earth

This chapter is about the different spheres of the earth, such as the Hydrosphere, Lithosphere, Atmosphere, and Biosphere. The first layer is the lithosphere which forms the earth’s crust. The next layer is the hydrosphere which consists of water and covers three-fourths of the earth’s surface. Then comes the atmosphere which is mainly formed of gases and protects the earth from the harmful rays of the sun. The last is the biosphere which is consists of all the living and non-living things. 

Chapter 6: Major Landforms of the Earth

This chapter is all about the physical or the solid surface of the earth. It gives an account of information on various landforms such as mountains, plateaus, and plains. Mountains can be of different types such as Fold Mountains, Block Mountains, and Volcanic Mountains. Plains refer to the low-lying areas with gentle slopes.

Chapter 7: Our Country-India

India is considered the seventh-largest country in the world. In terms of population, it stands second in the world. India is considered the land of rivers. It is surrounded by the Himalayas in the north, the Arabian Sea on the west, The Bay of Bengal on the east, and The Indian Ocean on the south.

Chapter 8: India: Climate, Vegetation, and Wildlife

India is a country of biodiversity. It consists of various types of plants and animals. Indian climate consists of Summer, Rainy, And Winter seasons. The whole country has different vegetation depending on the climatic conditions. India is home to a large number of species of animals. 

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Here is the List of Chapters for the Reference of the Students

Sl. No.

Chapter Name


The Earth In The Solar System


Globe Latitudes and Longitudes


Motions of The Earth




Major Domains of The Earth


Major Landforms of The Earth


Our Country - India


India Climate Vegetation and Wildlife

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What do you mean by latitudes and longitudes?

Latitudes are the imaginary lines that run from east to west on a globe or map. These lines run parallel to the equator. The Latitudes range from 0o to 90o. The equator is the most extended latitude, which is at 0o. At the same time, longitudes are the imaginary lines that run from north to south. These lines run parallel to the Prime Meridian. The lines of longitude range from 0o to 180o. The largest longitude being the Prime Meridian which is at 180o. The combination of latitude and longitudes help in locating places on a map. 

2. How are the CBSE Class 6 Geography Notes helpful?

The Notes of Class 6 Geography by Vedantu are a crucial study material. These notes help you with all the difficulties that you face while studying for exams. They provide you with all the required information and serve you as a guide and help ease the study procedure. These notes can be accessed for free, and by referring to these notes, one can easily secure better grades.

3. Is Class 6th Geography tough?

Class 6 Geography is a part of Social Sciences. The textbook of geography is not difficult to understand. The textbook contains only eight chapters. Along with the text, numerous maps and pictures are provided in the textbook to make the chapters interesting and easy to read. The language of the book is kept simple and the terms included are also easy to comprehend. You can prepare for the geography exam just by reading the textbook multiple times.

4. How do I study Geography Class 6?

You can easily understand the terms and concepts given in the Geography textbook through multiple readings. Give equal importance to each chapter. Start reading a chapter like you read a storybook. Do not give much attention to understanding the concept. While you are reading the chapter the second time, use a pencil to mark important points. Write down important notes in a notebook along with several examples and diagrams. Practise the diagrams and the maps given in the textbook. Go through your notes, diagrams, and maps again and again.

5. How many chapters are there in the  Class 6 Geography textbook?

In the Class 6 Geography textbook, there are eight chapters given. These chapters give you a brief introduction of the earth; latitudes, and longitudes and their use; rotation, and revolution of the earth and how it affects the length of the day and the impact on weather; major domains, and landforms of the earth. The last two chapters of the textbook talk about our country and the climate, vegetation, and wildlife of our nation.

6. How to study Geography in Class 6 to score good marks in the exam?

The Geography book introduces you to the planet that you live on and the solar system you are part of. It teaches you about different landforms, the climate, and vegetation of our country. Read the chapter thoroughly. Underline important and new terms and write them down in a notebook. Make short notes about the earth, the solar system, latitudes and longitudes, the domains and landforms and the climate, and the wildlife vegetation found in India. Practice the map, diagrams and questions that are given in your book.

7. Is Class 6th Geography textbook important?

When you are promoted to a higher grade, you will be expected to be familiar with the basic concepts. The unfamiliarity with the contents of the textbooks might make you feel that it is going to be difficult to learn and understand. However, Class 6 Geography textbook can be understood easily with focused reading. You can take the help of the Internet to watch videos to understand a concept better. You shall study hard to develop a firm foundation.

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