CBSE Class 10 History Chapter 3 Notes - The Making of a Global World

The Making of a Global World Class 10 Notes History Chapter 3 - PDF Download

When we talk about globalisation, we generally mean a world connected with the internet, television and aeroplanes. However, globalisation is not a modern phenomenon. From time immemorial, people have moved from one place to another in search of knowledge and prospects. The Making of Global World notes by Vedantu will give a detailed account of the movement of the people across the world and how it paved the way for what we know as globalisation. Download the revision notes PDF to get a comprehensive overview of The Making of Global World Class 10 Chapter 3.

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CBSE Class 10 History Chapter 3 Notes - The Making of a Global World part-1

The Silk Route

Vedantu’s Class 10 History Chapter 4 notes begin with the mention of the Silk Routes that connected many countries. The Chinese cargos sailed through these routes to sell silk to the traders and people of other countries. It is obvious that the same route is used for the movement of other goods like Chinese pottery or Indian spices. Not only the products but even the ideology, spirituality and skills travelled through the same route.

Food Too Saw New Places

Just like with the movement of people to new places, cultures and customs reached various new regions. Food too travelled many places. The traders, priests or invaders brought with them the crops of their land to the places they went. The History Class 10 Chapter 3 notes even mention that ready to eat food such as noodles travelled to other parts of the world.

Land up for Grabs

As the transportation system improved, the desire of the people to find new places increased manifold. People also looked for more buyers to sell their products. Before the Nineteenth century, the Indian Ocean acted as an important sea route. The Indian subcontinent used this route for trade.

After Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492, Spain and Portugal took the same route with colonisation in mind. This was not just limited to the region of today's United States. Other North American regions like Mexico and South American regions like Peru got the attention of these conquerors.

The Portuguese brought with them diseases that were unknown in the region of America till then. So, they did not have to wield guns or fight with swords to kill the natives, the diseases did most of the dirty work! Before the Nineteenth century, the European cities were not so well to do while the Asian countries like India or China were quite wealthy.

The Nineteenth Century

From the Nineteenth century onwards, the pace of globalisation became faster. The Making of a Global World notes mention three types of flows in this regard:

  • More and more traders went too far off places in search of good markets. 

  • People from poverty-stricken countries migrated to wealthy countries in search of work.

  • Even the capital (money) was transported to newer places and colonies with long term and short term goals in mind.

  • By this time, the industrialisation in Britain had grown a lot. People had money. They thronged into the cities to get work in the industries. This led to an increased demand for agricultural goods. The neighbouring countries like Russia, America, Australia and Eastern European countries met this demand.

So, by extension of these countries, the sources of food and building better infrastructure like railways or harbours was required. Thousands of labourers were needed for this. As a result, people migrated to these countries in search of work and a better future. History Chapter 3 Class 10 notes inform that almost 50 million people migrated from Europe to countries like America or Australia.

By 1890, the world had changed a lot. Food in England came from far off places like America, the local farming system was no longer there. On the other hand, in these supplier countries, railways, roads and harbours were made to facilitate the smooth movement of goods to Europe. So, these places saw advancements too.

Late Nineteenth Century

This part of The Making of a Global World notes describes the dark side globalisation.

  • The traders who settled in various parts of the world started ruling those regions and exploited the people and resources.

  • The Europeans used harsh tactics like heavy taxes and strict inheritance law in Africa. This left the Africans with no choice but to work for the Europeans as labourers.

  • Many people from India went to the Caribbean Islands, Mauritius and Fiji as indentured labourers.

  • As the Industrial Revolution happened in England, the exports of India stopped and imported cheap products from Britain. The import of raw materials increased, emptying the riches that India had.

Did You Know?

Theodore Levitt coined the term globalisation as per the Newyork Times.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What Form did Globalisation Take During the World Wars?

The World Wars and the ensuing years can be summarized in the below sequence:

  • During the first World War, most of the powerful countries were at loggerheads with each other.

  • The war resulted in Europe’s loss of financial dominance. In turn, the US became the primary creditors to these European countries.

  • The repercussions of the war led to a great economic crisis in Europe.

  • Meanwhile, in the US, industries flourished with the emergence of visionaries like Henry Ford.

  • Consumption increased in the US. People bought many modern consumer goods.  The housing and construction sector benefited hugely.

  • In 1929, this economic boom became bearish and the US slipped into a great depression. So, the US stopped being the primary creditor to the world. This made the economies of other countries worse.

  • In India too, import and exports were deeply affected by the depression.

  • The Second World war harmed the world economy further.

  • It was realised that in order to keep an economy strong, people should have continuous buying power. For that, there should be stable jobs.

  • The IMF and World Bank were created to help the world recover from the devastation of the war (financial).

2. How did the Globalisation Come to be What it is Now?

As the colonised countries gained independence, they had to depend on these institutions for loans. Later, the countries were forced to take loans from Western private banks and lenders. As the US became embroiled in overseas wars, its financial dominance decreased. Meanwhile, companies searched for countries where there were low wages. China fit the description. So, a number of manufacturing hubs were set up in China aimed at bringing the manufacturing cost down. India, too, became a great outsourcing destination for the tech companies.

3. What is the making of the global world?

Making of the Global World discusses the significant processes, events and changes in history that led to the formation of the present global world. The existing social and economic systems didn't suddenly emerge on their own. Instead, these changes are a result of several historical events in the past. Earlier, through the land and the water routes, people could connect or associate with the people of other regions, cultures, languages. But today, after centuries of advancement, the entire world is connected through technological innovation and globalisation. 

4. What is Globalisation history class 10?

The chapter discusses Globalisation as the interconnection or integration of the entire world through technological innovation. From the economic perspective, it refers to integrating the national economy with the global economy through the flow of goods and services, technology, people, investments and information across countries. From a historical viewpoint, it connects people belonging to different cultures, ideologies, languages, religions, races and regions. It helps to have better knowledge and understanding of history and promotes cross-cultural harmony. 

5. What is pre-modern world class 10?

As discussed in the chapter, the pre-modern era is the time period before the establishment of the Christian Empire Until the 15th century. The pre-modern period's main highlight was the interaction of communities and the movement of people from one region to another. The major developments of this period were the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus and the establishment of the printing press. This period also saw the emergence of several new cities and towns. 

6. Can you please provide a detailed Stepwise Study Plan to ace Class 10 History, Chapter 3 - ‘The Making of a Global World?’

The first step to ace Class 10 History Chapter 3 - ‘The Making of a Global World' is to thoroughly read the chapter from the standard NCERT textbook. Try to read the chapter like a story, interconnect concepts to understand better. Learn all the important dates and terminologies with the help of handwritten notes and flowcharts. Avoid rote learning and refer to Vedantu's Revision Notes for this chapter from the page CBSE Class 10 History Chapter 3 Notes. Solve as many NCERT questions and previous year questions to perform well in the exam. 

7. What are the best Revision Notes for Class 10 History, Chapter 3 - ‘The Making of a Global World?’

Vedantu's Revision Notes for Class 10 History, Chapter 3- ‘The Making of a Global World' is the best study material for History. These notes provide a summary of all the important points from each topic of the chapter. It simplifies the learning procedure for students. These notes are error-free and are based on the latest CBSE exam pattern, syllabus and marking scheme. If you revise regularly from these notes, you will be able to clear the History exam with flying colours. Vedantu provides these notes at free of cost on the Vedantu app and on the official website.

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