Rural Administration Class 6 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 6 - PDF Download
India is a massive country consisting of over 6 lakh villages. Thus, these villages require some administration for the proper running of the villages. For instance, looking into the requirements of the water, road connections, electricity, and so on are complex tasks. Furthermore, land records are required to be essentially regulated, and conflicts need to be looked after. Chapter 6 of civics deals with the administration of a rural area. Students will learn elaborately about the rural administrative officials and their roles.
Rural administration class 6 notes give students insights into varied concepts of the regulation of a rural area. Given below is a brief description of the chapter to help students understand what they need to know about rural administration. Additionally, rural administration talks about distinguishing responsibilities and roles of the Tehsildar, police, and Patwari. NCERT solutions incorporate a wide range of questions to help students cover all the essential topics of the chapter. Learn extensively about the chief topics of the chapter and simultaneously prepare well for your exams.
Class 6 Social Science - Civics Chapter 6 Rural Administration Notes
Introduction to Rural Administration
In this chapter, you will initially learn about the story of Raghu and Mohan. Both these individuals are farmers that are the owners of adjoining lands broken apart by a peculiarly smaller boundary. This boundary is known as the bund. On one of the days, Raghu decided to move his boundary for taking a bit of Mohan’s land. Mohan then went to confront Raghu about this situation. However, Raghu not only declined Mohan’s claims but also asked his workers to beat Raghu up. Mohan then went to the police station to file a complaint with a few eye-witnesses.
Mohan had already thought of the possibility where Raghu had paid off the local police. However, Mohan was unable to file a complaint in another police station as every police station only controls a certain area. Every individual in that area can lodge complaints of injury, accident, fight, and so on and have to inform the police station of the same area. The police carry a prime responsibility of investigating, enquiring, and taking complete action on the respective cases of the area. The police initially did not give in to what Mohan said. Only after the eye-witnesses spoke to the police did they file the case.
That being said, the police could have investigated this case properly if Mohan had any records that display who owned which part of the land. Thus, differentiating the land records based on the current measurements could help Mohan prove that Raghu took his part of the land.
Working of the Patwari
Regulating the records and measuring the lands is primarily done by Patwaris. Different names in distinguishing states essentially identify patwari. In certain villages, Patwari officials are known as Lekhpal-Kanungo, village officials, and even Karamchari. Every patwari looks into the maintenance of a village or a group of villages. They further have to update the records of these villages regularly. Patwari makes use of distinctive ways for measuring agricultural fields. In several places, long chains are used.
Further, patwari looks into the organization of a collection of the land revenue from different farmers of the village. They additionally offer insights to the government about different crops being grown in the area. The updated records help in doing so. It is thus essential for a Patwari to keep track of the records of these farmers. This is because the farmers may regularly alter the crop or crops they grow. The government’s revenue department plays a fundamental role in keeping track of these elements.
Summarising Rural Administration
Chapter 6 of civics covers vast elements of the regulation of a village or a rural area. Here are some of the prime concepts that you may learn about in this chapter.
Every police station comprises a specific area that is regulated by it. Every individual living in this area must thus approach the police station of that respective area for filing different complaints of injury, theft, fights, accidents, and so on.
The police are primarily responsible for investigating, enquiring, and simultaneously taking action on different cases of the area.
A Patwari plays a crucial role in measuring the land and maintaining different records of the farmers. A Patwari is familiar in different villages with different names. Some of these names include- Karamchari, Kanungo, and Lekhpal.
Every Patwari has the role of maintaining the running of a group of villages. The Patwari regulates and further tracks the records of the respective villages.
Regulating the measurements of agricultural fields, updating details of the map, collecting land revenue from the village farmers, and offering the government information on the crops grown by the farmers is all done by Patwari.
Several officials under this department guide and supervise a Patwari’s work, including- Tehsildar, SDM, Naib.
The new law of the ‘Hindu Succession Amendment Act, 2005’ suggests that land is segregated among the daughters, sons, and mother of the family. The same law is also liable for union territories and the states of the country.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. What are the roles of a Patwari?
Patwari is responsible for several aspects. These include-
Measuring the land and tracking its records
Looking into the regulation of a group of villages
Controlling, maintaining, and updating the respective records of the village
Collection of land revenue records of the farmers and further sending the records to the government about the variety of crops grown in that area.
2. Write about the ‘Hindu Succession Amendment Act, 2005’.
The Hindu Succession Amendment Act was introduced in 2005. It played a crucial role in equalizing the power of males and females. Until recently, women were not allowed to get an equal share of a family's agricultural land. After the father's demise, the entire property was only shared among the sons of the family. However, this law has changed this aspect. In fact, it suggests that the property of the father is further shared equally among sons, the mother, and the daughters of the family.
3. List two things that the work of a Patwari includes as explained in Chapter 6 of Class 6 Civics?
The measurement of the lands and having a well-maintained land record is one of the main works of the Patwari. They measure these fields by different means. In many cases they use a long chain. The collection of land revenues and the passing of this information to the government is the second main work that the patwari is responsible for and held accountable for. Thus, it becomes important that every Patwari maintains an organized record and updates it from time to time, to avoid any quarrels or disputes.
4. What is the work of the Tehsildars?
In India, every state is divided into districts, and these districts are further subdivided, often known as a tehsil. The head is often the District Collector, under whom there are the revenue officers, known as the tehsildars. Their work includes the hearing and solving of disputes. Apart from this, they also supervise the Patwari and keep in check if they are fulfilling their duties. The students are to read the chapter thoroughly and mark the important definitions so that they attain a good understanding of what is being conveyed.
5. Are the revision notes helpful?
Vedantu’s Class 6 Social Science Chapter 6 Revision Notes are extremely helpful for students. They are designed to provide the required assistance and guidance that students need to score good grades in the exam. These notes have all the important concepts of Chapter 6 given in brief points. The language used is extremely easy to understand and retain. With the constant and persistent reference of these notes, you can score good marks in their Class 6 Social Science exam.
Visit the page CBSE Class 6 political science Chapter 6 Notes on the official website of Vedantu where you can access the content related to Chapter 6 for free or download the Vedantu app for the same. Additionally, you can also download its PDF if you want to study offline.
6. Why do farmers require a copy of their land records?
Farmers have the right to acquire a copy of their land records, to avoid any dispute that may arise with their fellow farmers. However, acquiring this information is not an easy task. Therefore, to help the farmers with the easy access of their records, this information is nowadays being computerized and kept safe with the Panchayat, so that the farmers can ask for it and get it easily when need be. This will help the farmers to protect their lands from any sort of trouble that may arise in the future.
7. When does a farmer usually need their land records?
The farmer may want access to their land records and information in any of the given instances-
When they wish to purchase a plot of land from another farmer
When they want to sell their land or produce to some other farmer
When they want to get a loan from the bank
When they want to buy fertilizers and pesticides for their plants
When they want to divide the property among their children.
In all these cases a farmer might want a copy of their land records so that they can get their work done easily.