CBSE Class 7 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 5 Notes - Women Change the World

Women Change the World Class 7 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 5 - PDF Download

We have always seen women inside the four walls of the houses. In this chapter, we'll talk about women outside the houses. We will see how some roles are regarded as masculine or feminine or how Education is a very important part of everyone's life but still, not everyone gets Education opportunities and also we'll learn about women’s movements which helped to change society. Here, notes on women change the world Class 7 Civics Chapter 5 are given. Readout all the notes from our site.

CBSE Class 7 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 5 Notes - Women Change the World part-1

Women Change The World Class 7 Notes

When do you think about the following what comes into your mind? Whether that is a female or male?

  1. Farmer

  2. Nurse

  3. Teacher

  4. Pilot

  5. Scientist

  6. Engineer

Most people when thinking about a farmer, a male picture comes into their minds but surprisingly. According to data of NSS 61st Round (2004-05 ), 83.6% of working women are in the agricultural sector. Women's works include planting, weeding, harvesting, and threshing etc. But still, whenever we think about a farmer, we only think of a male farmer.

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Fewer Oppurtunities and Rigid Expectations

Our society is having principles of stereotypes and sets of certain roles done by men and women. For example, the following Work roles and their stereotypes:


Job of Male


Job of Female


Job of Male


Job of Male

It is always said that job technical jobs are not for women and they're always expected to think of marriage after a certain age. Similarly, boys and men are also expected to behave in a certain way. They're pushed to do work or get a job. Sometimes they're also bullied at some places. This is what stereotypes are.

Learning for Change

Nowadays we can't imagine our world without education. Everyone is supposed to be educated because it's normal and a vital part of our lives. Earlier, it was not that simple. Education was limited. In the case of women, the situation was worse. Women were not allowed to get an education. Their contribution to family skilled work was also supportive only. In the nineteenth-century, the new role of education has emerged. People started sending their children to schools. It was very difficult in the case of girls. But the beginning has done. Many people struggled to open schools for girls so that girls can also read and write.

Schooling and Education Today

In the 21st century, a large number of children attend schools including girls. But still, the difference is there. Census is done in India after every 10 years which helps us to measure various things. For example:

  • As per the 1961 census, 40% were literate out of all boys and men of 7 years or above whereas only 15% were literate out of all women and girls.

  • It has increased over the years. As per the 2011 census, 82% of boys and men are literate whereas 65% of girls and women are literate.

No doubt the number of literates among males and females has increased but there is a huge gap between the proportion of both.

Reasons Why Children Leave School

Following are the reasons why Adivasis, Dalit or Muslim community children leave school:

  • Schools are not close to their homes.

  • Lack of transport Facility.

  • Poor families are unable to bear the Education cost.

  • Boys get preference because of lack of money.

  • They face discrimination in schools.

Women's Movement

Everyone has the right to study including women. Now women are getting equal space in all the fields like education, employment in the public or private sector, legal sphere etc. Women sometimes individually or sometimes came together to bring out these changes. These efforts are known as the Women's Movement. Various efforts have been put or strategies have been applied to seek justice and to make these changes. It can be clearly understood with the following points:


Campaigns played a great role in fighting discrimination, spreading awareness for women's rights or for seeking justice. It should be noted that men also took part in these campaigns as well.

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  • Campaigning helped in getting legal protection against domestic violence in 2006.

  • It helped in pushing the supreme court to frame the guidelines to protect women against sexual harassment at the workplace in 1997.

  • Women also came together to raise their voices against deaths for dowry.

Raising Awareness

Street plays, public meetings, songs, or posters were used for raising awareness for women's rights during these movements.


Women also protested against any law or something which works against the welfare or rights of women. Public rallies or speeches have been used to spread awareness and fight against injustice together.


The women's movement also shows solidarity with other women as well. They stood with all the women whether they're from any region or community or country.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Question 1. Draw a Comparison Between Literates as per the 1961 and 2011 Census.

Answer. As per the 1961 census, 40% were literate out of all boys and men of 7 years or above whereas only 15% were literate out of all women and girls.

As per the 2011 census, 82% of boys and men are literate whereas 65% of girls and women are literate. The number of literates has increased over the years but still, there is a huge gap between males and females.

Question 2. What do You Mean by the Women’s Movement? How did they Help in Fighting for Women?

Answer. The struggle for seeking justice and fighting for women’s rights to make changes in society is known as the Women’s Movement. These movements played a vital role in changing society for women. The important components of these movements were: i) Campaigning - Women came together and did campaigns for women’s rights and justice, ii) Raising Awareness - By using posters, public rallies and speeches, iii) Protesting - Protesting against all spheres which go against women’s rights, iv) Solidarity - Showing solidarity for all women of all regions or communities.

Here, we've covered the Class 7 Civics Chapter 5 notes. In this chapter, we've learned how women are breaking the stereotypes, how society and the world are changing for women whether in terms of education or other technical or legal spheres. We hope women change the world Class 7 notes will help you in learning.

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