NCERT Grade 12 Chemistry Chapter 12, Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids discusses the organic compounds containing carbon-oxygen double bond (>C=O) called carbonyl group, which is one of the most important functional groups in organic chemistry. After studying this chapter, students will be able to write the common and IUPAC names of aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids; write the structures of the compounds containing functional groups namely carbonyl and carboxyl groups; describe the important methods of preparation and reactions of these classes of compounds; correlate physical properties and chemical reactions of aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids, with their structures; explain the mechanism of a few selected reactions of aldehydes and ketones; understand various factors affecting the acidity of carboxylic acids and their reactions; describe the uses of aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids.
Nomenclature and Structure of Carbonyl Group, Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones, Physical Properties and Chemical Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones, Uses of Aldehydes and Ketones, Nomenclature and Structure of Carboxyl Group, Methods of Preparation of Carboxylic Acids, Physical Properties and Chemical Reactions of Carboxylic Acids, Reactions Involving Cleavage of O–H Bond, Reactions Involving Cleavage of C–OH Bond, Reactions Involving –COOH Group, Substitution Reactions in the Hydrocarbon Part and Uses of Carboxylic Acids are the topics studied in this chapter. NCERT Grade 12 Chemistry Chapter 12, Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids holds a total weightage of 6 marks in the final examination.
Get 100 percent accurate NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 12 (Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids) solved by expert Chemistry teachers. We provide solutions for questions given in Class 12 Chemistry text-book as per CBSE Board guidelines from the latest NCERT book for Class 12 Chemistry. The topics and sub-topics in Chapter 12 Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids are given below.
Ex 12.1 - Nomenclature and Structure of Carbonyl Group
Ex 12.2 - Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones
Ex 12.3 - Physical Properties
Ex 12.4 - Chemical Reactions
Ex 12.5 - Uses of Aldehydes and Ketones
Ex 12.6 - Nomenclature and Structure of Carboxyl Group
Ex 12.7 - Methods of Preparation of Carboxylic Acids
Ex 12.8 - Physical Properties
Ex 12.9 - Chemical Reactions
Ex 12.10 - Uses of Carboxylic Acids.
We cover all exercises in the chapter given below:-
Chapter 12 Exercises - 20 Questions with Solutions.
Other than given exercises, you should also practice all the solved examples given in the book to clear your concepts on Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids. Download the free PDF of Chapter 12 Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids and take the print out to keep it handy for your exam preparation.