Physiology, in other words, is the science of life. It is one of the areas of biology aiming to study the functioning of living organisms, animals, and plants. It helps to understand the function of cells at the ionic and molecular level with the integrated behavior of the living organism, including the human body. By learning the principles of anatomy and physiology, it helps the physiologist on how the body works and responds during challenges of everyday life. The major emphasis is given on studying integrating molecular, cellular, and whole-body functions
What Physiologists Do?
Physiologists usually work in university and research institutes, continuously learning the working of cells in living organisms. Physiology is an exciting stream to learn and work on that underpins clinical medicine. In other words, it helps to provide an interface between the physical sciences and life science.
Throughout the study, physiologists keep learning different aspects of the human and animal body working. Moreover, some physiologists even work or investigate the behaviors of individual proteins in single cells. Others investigate the integration of tissue cells and organs.
It is vital to know that physiologists don't only work in research institutes, but also work with patients as a part of disease management. They also work with athletes to help them improve their overall performance in the game. The best part of their job is they get to travel across different countries for learning and research purposes.
Physiologists work on human physiology to study the nature of the human body or structure. It helps in studying how the human body works. Muscle contraction, cells, tissues, and other areas of the human body are studied.
Plant physiology is the study of plant tissues and their growth. It is the foremost line of defense and medium of interaction in different environmental conditions. In other words, it is the study of plant behavior and functioning encompassing dynamic processes of growth and metabolism. In plants, most of the active process takes place at the level of cells, tissues, and other parts of the plant. Plant physiology and biochemistry is the most interesting area to learn for a physiologist. They give complete insight into the growth and death of plants.
Animal physiology involves the study of how the animal body works and investigating biological processes of the same. The study involves understanding various levels of organic cells, organ systems, and the whole anatomy of the animal. Under this study, the physiologists examine the biological processes functioning under different environmental stages. The entire process is closely linked with the anatomy and the basic physical and chemical laws. When animal physiology is linked with biology, the study covers a broader area. It includes the scientific disciplines of cell biology, developmental biology, and immunology.
Medical physiology covers the studying of various body systems of the body from the molecular level. This study majorly implies humans and other living things. In other words, it helps to understand the cellular metabolism in living organisms. It helps to understand the state of health and wellness of a human during different opportunities. It practices human and living organism health.
Under clinical physiology, the physiologist diagnoses the patient by undergoing specialized tests of heart and blood vessels. The clinical physiologist would conduct a test to measure the movement of the metabolic process by using different tools including magnetic resonance imagining, x-ray, and nuclear medicine scanners.
Branches of Physiology
There are different branches of physiology that help to understand different areas of humans. Below are some-
Cell Physiology: It involves the study of cell work and interaction. It concentrates on membrane transport and neuron transmission.
System Physiology: This area focuses on computational and mathematical modeling of complex biological systems. It helps to describe how individual cells or components of the system respond.
Evolutionary Physiology: Studying the way systems or body parts work. Evolutionary physiology implies over multiple generations.
In the human physiological study, there are different systems covered:
Circulatory System: This includes the study of blood vessels, and how blood circulation works in the human body.
Digestive and Excretory System: Charting the movement of solids into liquid in our body. It involves the study of different internal organs of the body including the liver, spleen, and pancreas.
Endocrine System: This involves the study of endocrine hormones carrying signals throughout the organisms. Moreover, the expert studies the pituitary, thyroid, adrenals, pancreas, and gonads.
Immune System: The body’s natural defense system comprises white blood cells and lymph systems. Moreover, molecules like antibodies and cytokines feature heavily.
Nervous System: The study involves the central nervous system, which comprises the brain and spinal cord. Nervous system study includes research of senses, memory, and emotions.
What is Physiology?
Physiology is a branch of biology which deals with the study that shows how the body of human beings function day to day. It explains the science behind how molecules behave in order for the organs to function. Most study of physiology is the research which is based on the functioning of a human body.
Branches of Physiology
Physiology is further divided into branches depending on the field of different expertise:
Human and Animal Physiology: Human and Animal physiology is the study of how the organs in the body are functioning, to understand the biochemical of human beings for their good health.
Plant Physiology: Plant Physiology is a branch of study under botany which deals with the functioning of plant cells, structure and the functioning. It helps to analyze the process of photosynthesis, respiration, transpiration, plant development etc.
Environmental Physiology/ Ecophysiology: Environmental Physiology is related with study of the surroundings of the plants and their response to the environment such as temperature, wind, heat etc.
Comparative Physiology: Comparative physiology studies the diversity between the nature of organisms and their adaptability in extreme conditions. It is somewhat similar to evolutionary physiology and environmental physiology.
Evolutionary physiology: It deals with the study of evolution in organisms and how well they have responded to it over time. It includes life history, anatomy, biochemistry, molecular evolution etc.
Exercise Physiology: This field deals with the impact of sports and exercises on the human body. It is the study of body movement, muscular strain, respiratory functioning, heart rate etc during a physical activity.
Different Types of Physiologists
In different field of specialization and expertise, we have different physiologists such as
What Does a Physiologist Do?
All over the world, physiologists are operating in universities, in studies institutions, research laboratories, in biotechnology corporations and withinside the pharmaceutical enterprise to study and strengthen the understanding about a living body.
Physiologists examine how human and animal bodies work by working on a single cell, or cells on how they interact with each other or different tissues in our body required for functioning. These studies will help in clinical research, veterinary research or even medical fields in understanding of organisms
Not all physiologists are observed in studies laboratories, though. Physiologists additionally work with patients in medical institution clinics, assisting with the prognosis and control of disease. Exercise physiologists work along with elite athletes, assisting to enhance their overall performance and keep away from injury, or they inspect how the frame adapts to intense environmental challenges, along with deep sea diving or extended area flight. Field of Physiology is vast. Physiologists can tour the sector to meetings and conferences to give their findings to different scientists. Some physiologists file medical trends for newspapers, journals and different media, or play an advisory position to Government or charitable organizations. Physiologists additionally use their abilities withinside the criminal arena, carrying out complicated problems of patent law, or in education, inspiring and nurturing the following generation. Studying body structure opens doorways to employment in a majority of these regions and more.