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ICSE Syllabus for Class 8 Biology

Last updated date: 17th Apr 2024
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ICSE Class 8 Biology Syllabus 2018-2019 Examination - Free PDF Download

Science is among the most important subjects on the list. And so it calls for a good chunk of dedication and preparation. One of the theories among them is Biology. Students need to have good knowledge about the biological aspects, both for plants and animals. To understand that better, they must be aware of the Class 8th Biology ICSE syllabus. This allows them to have a deeper understanding of the curriculum and exam preparations. We at Vedantu, provide you with a well-devised PDF download option of ICSE syllabus Class 8 Biology to have a glance and overview of what you need to study.

Let us have a look at the detailed and section-wise Biology syllabus for Class 8 ICSE and the chapters covered in every unit.

Biology Syllabus for Class 8 ICSE

Unit 1: Transport of Food and Minerals in Plants

It covers the following topics and provides knowledge about them:

  • Definition of diffusion.

  • Osmosis and its definition, covering the following:

  • Examples of osmosis, semi-permeable membrane, active transport and root pressure.

  • Definition of transpiration, its importance and the factors affecting the process of transpiration. 

  • A detailed explanation of xylem and phloem, their structure and functions.

  • Importance of the minerals, including macro and micronutrients and the deficiency diseases caused because of them.


Unit 2: Reproduction in Plants and Animals

It covers the following aspects:


  • Types of asexual reproduction that takes place in plants. These include:

  • Budding, fragmentation, binary fission, artificial propagation with tissue culture, spore formation, etc. 

  • Sexual reproduction in plants which covers the following:

  • Parts of a typical flower.

  • Self and cross-pollination.

  • Agents of pollination.

  • The fertilization process taking place in plants.

  • Artificial pollination.



  • Sexual reproduction in humans.

  • Female and male reproductive system: An overview.


Unit 3: Ecosystems

It covers the following aspects:

  • Definition of the ecosystem, the biotic and abiotic factors.

  • Biotic components which include producers, decomposers, and consumers.

  • Definition of the food chain, food web and pyramid of numbers.

  • Interdependency between the organisms including concepts of symbiosis, parasitism, predation.

  • Forest ecosystems of flora and fauna are covered.

  • Abiotic components including air, water and soil and other climatic factors which include temperature, humidity, sunlight and wind.


Unit 4: Human Body: Endocrine, Circulatory and Nervous System

It covers the following aspects:


Human Body Endocrine:

  • Endocrine system.

  • Types of glands.

  • Definition of hormones.

  • Hormonal glands and their functions.


Adolescence and Accompanying Changes:

  • Changes that occur in the body during adolescence (physical and emotional).

  • Personal hygiene and its importance.

  • Stress management.


Circulatory System:

  • Heart structure and its details.

  • Heart diagram.

  • Blood vessels.

  • Double circulation explaining the circulation of blood.

  • Types of blood groups.

  • Several heart-related conditions.

  • Introduction of the lymphatic system.


Nervous System:

  • Types of nerves.

  • Motor neuron structure.

  • Detailed knowledge of the central nervous system (CNS).

  • Reflex actions.


Unit 5: Heath and Hygiene:

It covers the following aspects:



  • A brief overview of the communicable diseases

  • Vector meaning

  • Prevention methods for diseases

  • Vaccination and immunization

  • Harmful effects due to drugs, alcohol, tobacco, etc.


First Aid:

  • Meaning of first aid and the various situations accompanying it.


Unit 6: Food Production

It covers the following aspects:

  • Bacteria, its definition and how it is used in the food industry

  • Fungi (importance of yeast and its uses)

  • Agriculture covering topics of crops grown in India

  • Horticulture

  • Green revolution and organic farming- an overview

  • Animal husbandry

Is it Important for the Students to Study Each Chapter of ICSE Class 8 Syllabus for Biology?

The syllabus for ICSE Class 8 Biology has been set by the expert teachers at ICSE. Biology has many chapters which reflect the need to be updated with the content. Knowledge about the syllabus is vital for having an organized study plan for the students. The students must go through everything in the syllabus. Vedantu provides a detailed syllabus list which will ensure that the particular subject syllabus helps students to cover all the topics and concepts during preparation for the exam.  ICSE 8 Biology consists of six units namely: Transport of food and minerals in plants, Reproduction in plants and animals, Ecosystems, human body: endocrine, circulatory, and nervous system, health and hygiene, food production.

The Importance is as Follows:

  1. A detailed and informative syllabus will help the students with the course content, unit-wise marks distribution, projects, and assignments. This will help to plan their schedule.

  2. ICSE Syllabus will give the students a concrete plan for studying which will help in acquiring good marks.

  3. To get an idea of the future topics to be studied, knowing the syllabus is very essential. It includes various chapters to be studied in the academic year.

  4. If the students carry proper knowledge about the concepts and learning outcomes then they will save themselves from wasting their precious time and energy on unimportant things.

Preparation tips for ICSE Class 8 Biology:

  1. The students must not mug up the chapters blindly. They must understand it well and learn the practical application of data.

  2. The concept needs to be clear as it is important to understand what the components of the human body are. If a student tries to memorize each chapter, altogether it is not possible as there are numerous things to remember at once.

  3. Understanding the chapters well will allow you to swallow and retain more data at once. With this habit in your study pattern, you will never face the difficulty of doubt during the exam.

  4. A better understanding of the concept will add to the practical approach and the learning can be applied in the current lives of the students. The pinpoint of the historical ends will meet when the students start physically applying every knowledge they have ascertained.

FAQs on ICSE Syllabus for Class 8 Biology

1. Is it necessary to resolve the ICSE Class 8 Biology sample papers?

The students need to solve the sample papers for the ICSE Class 8 Biology syllabus. The sample papers are designed by the teachers in consideration of the level of difficulty and knowledge of students. It not only gives you an idea of ​​the question pattern but also prepares you for questions that have never been asked in real tests. You can read all about the importance of solving sample papers at various websites online. You should consult your teachers, adults, and friends for advice before deciding which paper sample to follow.

2. Is the textbook solution essential to getting good marks in the 8th grade of ICSE Physics?

The process of preparing for ICSE Class 8 Biology exams requires strong practice, mind building, problem-solving and error correction. The syllabus is very organized and requires the proper attention of the students. This whole cycle is so fragile that there is absolutely no room for wrong decisions and choices. The books are best known for their simplicity and expressiveness without going deep into complex ideas. Solutions for all the letters mentioned by the board are available online. Be careful not to mention only the righteous.

3. How do I start the Class 8 Biology Syllabus for ICSE?

To get started with the Class 8 Biology ICSE, one must clearly understand the syllabus and lesson structure first. The sample papers can help students practice with tests and do a quick review of lessons learned in the Classroom with essential resources such as video lessons, notes, and sample papers. Practicing and reviewing all these resources from the outset will help them to understand the concepts more clearly. Today, questions are being asked in consideration of problem-solving and the application of concepts. Always try to clear up the Class 8 Biology ICSE concepts you do not understand. Avoid skipping articles or ideas. Review the key areas and problem-solving topics after your school or online Classes or as needed.

4. How can I get good grades in Biology ICSE Class 8?

To get good grades in Biology Class 8 ICSE, one needs to understand concepts well. When a student is well versed in the contextual ideas, it is much easier to try out the problems that are being asked in those concepts. This also encourages students to gain knowledge and succeed academically. Once a student has mastered the concepts of Biology Class 8 ICSE then exercise should be a daily practice as it is the key to awareness of strengths and weaknesses. In Science, being able to apply the concepts learned in everyday life and solving problems is essential. Once the student is aware of what is happening in the area, he or she can link to the theories learned in the books. Writing responses is also a good practice as it strengthens your communication skills and keeps a check on the areas you need to improve which will get you good marks in the exams.

5. Do prospective medical students need to know the ICSE Class 8 Biology syllabus?

Every Grade 8 learner should be aware of the ICSE Class 8 Biology Program as syllabus knowledge plays a key role in planning his or her learning program. Knowing the syllabus with the details of a particular subject helps learners to integrate topics and concepts while preparing for the exam. Also, 8th graders who plan to start their career in the medical field should build their knowledge of the basics. To keep their foundations solid, they must be careful with the ICSE Syllabus for Class 8 Biology syllabus.