1. What is metabolism in human body and what is the importance of metabolism?
Metabolism is the set of biochemical reactions in organisms that are required to sustain life. The major three functions of metabolism include
Convert food to energy which is required to run cellular processes
Convert food or fuel to building blocks of the body including proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, carbohydrates.
It is also responsible for the elimination of nitrogenous wastes.
All of the biochemical reactions are catalyzed by enzymes.
It allows organisms to grow and reproduce, maintain structures and respond to their respective environment.
2. What are the two pathways involved in metabolism?
The catabolic pathway and the anabolic pathways are the two pathways that take place in metabolism. The catabolic pathway is meant to break complex substances into a simpler form with the release of energy in the form of ATP and the anabolic pathway is meant to build larger molecules from smaller molecules and they consume energy for this process.
3. What is ATP?
ATP stands for Adenosine triphosphate. It is an organic compound and it provides energy to drive many processes in a living cell. It is often referred to as the molecular unit of currency that captures chemical energy received from the breakdown of food molecules and then releases it to give power to the other cellular processes. It is very important for all the metabolic reactions taking place in the body. In biochemistry terms, ATP is a nucleoside triphosphate, indicating that it consists of three components: a nitrogenous base (adenine), the sugar (ribose) and the triphosphate.
4. Is a high metabolism good? How to increase metabolism in the body?
There is a great importance of metabolism in the human body. High metabolism is good if you want to burn more calories and get in shape as it helps you burn calories even at rest including during activities. Maintaining body weight is easier for people having higher metabolic rates and people sometimes struggle to lose weight as metabolism is hindered in their body due to various factors such as losing muscle mass and gaining more body fat. Therefore, one can increase metabolism if they eat a balanced diet containing lots of protein making it 20-30 percent of their food intake. Also, high intensity workouts, getting a calm night’s sleep and using various spices in diet like turmeric, cinnamon, fennel seeds, cardamom, rosemary, cumin and ginger will help increase metabolism in the human body.
5. What foods slow down your metabolism?
Most of the junk foods are associated with slowing down the metabolism as these contain unhealthy fats. White flour, soda and soft drinks with high fructose quantity, beef, etc. are used in such foods which are not considered good for a healthy body.