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CBSE Syllabus for Class 7 Science 2023-24 Exam

Last updated date: 04th Mar 2024
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IVSAT 2024

CBSE Class 7 Science Syllabus for 2023-24 Examination - Free PDF Download

Class 7 is a crucial stage to build your own concepts in science so the study should be conceptual at this stage. The whole science syllabus should be well understood at the beginning of the class and the study schedule should be prepared accordingly keeping pace with the school classes.

Having a handy syllabus is extremely important for the students. Students can download the PDF of syllabus from Vedantu site. CBSE Class 7 Science syllabus is mostly based on the NCERT curriculum. CBSE aims to provide the best conceptual knowledge to their students through the right syllabus. Students should strictly adhere to the syllabus during their exam preparation. The Class 7 Science syllabus helps students to have an in-depth learning experience for every topic.  

Class 7 Science Syllabus NCERT- Free PDF Download

In all, the 7th Class Science syllabus comprises chapters from three subjects that are Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. In the syllabus PDF, all the topics from these three subjects are listed. There are a total of 18 chapters from Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in the Class 7 Science syllabus.

Science is entirely about practical knowledge. Thus the syllabus also covers three sets of topics based on practical experiments, which students are asked to prepare till the end of the year. Also, complete information is provided to the students regarding the lab kit. Thus it helps them study the practical application of science in real life.


Class 7th Science Syllabus

Below are the briefs of the topics covered in Class 7 Science syllabus.


Nutrition in Plants

Here students become familiar with the ways by which plants get nutrition and how they conduct photosynthesis.

Nutrition in Animals

How humans intake food, how digestion takes place in humans, and how digestion takes place in other animals are covered in this chapter.

Fibre to Fabric

Working with wool and silk concepts.


This chapter covers the concept of temperature, heat transfer, and the kind of clothes worn in summers and winters.

Acids, Bases, and Salts

This chapter covers what are acids and bases, and the concept of neutralization.

Physical and Chemical Changes

Some of the important topics covered in this chapter are physical, chemical changes, the concept of crystallization and rusting.

Weather, Climate and Adaptations of Animals of Climate

Winds, Storms and Cyclones

Air pressure, air expanding on heating, thunderstorms, cyclones, safety measures to take are some topics covered in this chapter.


Soil and types, properties of soil, soil and crops, absorption of water in the soil are discussed in this chapter.

Respiration in Organisms

The concept of breathing and respiration in humans and animals are discussed in this chapter.

Transportation in Animals and Plants

Circulatory systems, excretion in plants and animals are some of the important topics covered in this chapter.

Reproduction in Plants

The concepts of reproduction in plants and the formation of seeds and fruits are discussed in this chapter.

Motion and Time

The topics of speed, distance, time, and distance-time graphs are covered in this chapter.

Electric Current and its Effects

Students will learn about the heating effects of electric current, different electronic components, magnetic effect of electric current, electromagnets, in this chapter.


The direction of light, speed, lenses, and spherical mirrors are discussed in this chapter.

Water – A Precious Resource

Some of the important topics covered in this chapter are availability of water and its uses, importance of water, depletion of water and management, groundwater and its level, and water scarcity.

Forests – Our Lifeline

A complete visit through the different forest trees and animals can be learned in this chapter of Class 7 Science syllabus.


Wastewater Story

Water is our lifeline, treatment of the wastewater, need to sanitize and be disease-free are the main topics covered in this chapter.


Benefits of Referring Class 7 CBSE Science Syllabus

By following the Class 7 NCERT Science syllabus, students can prepare for the exams effectively. Thus students can plan their science preparation strategically, and the syllabus will help them chalk out their study plan according to the weightage of chapters. It is essential to know the syllabus before beginning with the preparation. Here are some of the benefits of downloading and referring to the NCERT Class 7 Science syllabus from Vedantu.

  • This syllabus guidance will help you in knowing the weightage of topics for better exam preparation.

  • All the chapters covered in the CBSE syllabus for Class 7 Science are listed in this PDF, so you can meticulously plan your study plan.

  • CBSE strictly adheres to the syllabus for setting its question papers.

  • CBSE 7th Class Science syllabus defines the entire course structure. You get to know the marks weightage for each chapter by referring to this PDF. Hence you can quickly prepare for the exam in a limited time.

  • With this syllabus, students can know the important chapters that they shouldn’t skip.

Other Science Exams - For Class 7 Student 

Apart from Class 7 school level exams students can also appear for a few competitive exams like NSO, NCO, IMO, ISO that are held annually by the Science Olympiad Foundation of which NSO(National Science Olympiad) is well recommended for a class 7 student. These types of exams give them an idea about the competition outside their school level. The students of class 7 should appear for NSO at least to know where they stand in competition outside their class. This will gradually increase their experience and confidence for appearing for higher competitive exams in the future.


There are various theory-based and application-based topics covered in the syllabus of Class 7 Science. Vedantu brings you the latest Class 7 Science syllabus in PDF format and you can download it for free from our official website and mobile app. Every NCERT Solution is provided to make the study simple and interesting on Vedantu.

FAQs on CBSE Syllabus for Class 7 Science 2023-24 Exam

1. Which Chapters are Important to Study Under the Syllabus of Class 7 Science NCERT?

It is recommended that in class 7 level all the science chapters should be read and not a single one to be skipped since the syllabus is not huge and this class lays the foundation of developing concepts so that the students remain prepared for the advanced syllabus of higher classes. However there are certain chapters that need more attention from the students, as the concepts can be a bit challenging, some of them are as follows:

Chapter 9 - Soil

Chapter 10 - Respiration in Animals

Chapter 11 - Transportation in Animals and Plants

Chapter 12 -Reproduction in Plants Light

Chapter 14 - Electric current and its effects

Chapter 15 - Light

Chapter 16 - Water: A precious Resource

Chapter 17 - Forests: Our lifeline

Chapter 18 - Wastewater story

2. Which is the Best Book to Prepare the Class 7 Science Syllabus?

NCERT is the best textbook for CBSE Class 7 Science. NCERT science textbook is designed after thorough research in such a way that the students grow interest in science from the very foundation classes. NCERT textbook also presents science in an easily understandable way correlating the topics with day-to-day life. They are the best books for students to make conceptual learning. Few reference books side by side with NCERT textbook is also recommended for that extra learning and deeper concept and score better. The best among them are:

  • Pearson IIT Foundation Series both for Physics and Chemistry of Class 7 level

  • Pearson Foundation Biology for Class 7

  • Complete Foundation Guide for IIT-JEE Physics Class 7 and Complete Foundation Guide for IIT-JEE Chemistry Class 7 both by Disha publications by SK Gupta

3. How to study for Class 7 science?

Science should be studied with interest from the very early classes. The best way to master science is to develop clear concepts. Conceptual reading with consistency is needed the most. Studying long hours is not needed if the students stress upon growing their own clear concepts from the very beginning. Total 8 hours a day with max. 2 hours for science will be enough if they devote the time completely without any distraction. Science is a scoring subject and all good career options can be achieved only by travelling the path of science so be extra careful with the science subjects from Class 7 onwards. Leaving a single gap in your conception at the Class 7 level also may cost you later.

4. Do the Class 7 students need extra coaching classes for their CBSE Syllabus for Class 7 Science 2023 - 24 Exam studies?

Class 7 science is not that tough to understand. Students should try to build their own concepts without totally depending upon extra help. Attending their school classes regularly with full attention and preparing notes from school classes sincerely will develop their confidence in them. The topics which appear to be a little difficult to them should be cleared by teachers and experts from online coaching classes. No need to travel to different coaching classes and waste time on my own study. However students should always clear doubts rising in their minds. They should always nurture their inquisitiveness in science. Once they are clear with their concepts they should start solving sample papers to check the clarity of their concepts. Students can download free study material from Vedantu and try to increase the vastness of their knowledge. Reference books will also help them to understand the subject at an advanced level.