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Difference Between Weather and Climate

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In the present era, one of the major concerns for every individual on this planet is global warming. This drastic change in the earth’s temperature is affecting all living organisms on it. This problem has been increasing over the past few decades. Thus, now is the right time to unfold this matter and take proper measures to correct it.

To understand the changing climate condition better, here is how to distinguish between weather and climate.

Definition of Climate

Climate is the atmospheric condition of a particular location over a long-term period. The average summation of the atmospheric elements of a place is considered as the climate of that particular region.

These atmospheric elements include temperature, solar radiation, precipitation, humidity, wind, and atmospheric pressure. Depending on these elements and their variants, respective centers of a specific zone maintain climate records.

These records, like the amount of rainfall, the hottest day, the coldest day, etc. are helpful in forecasting the upcoming climate which is done by analyzing previously accumulated data. Based on the observation of these atmospheric elements’ records of above 30 years, the climate is deduced.

The Causes of climate change:

Many natural processes have contributed to this, including fluctuations in the sun, volcanic eruptions, variances in Earth's orbit, and co₂ concentration (CO₂).

Climate warming has often taken thousands or millions of years to occur. However, research indicates that the current climate is changing at a faster rate than previously thought based on geological data.

Since the Industrial Revolution, human activity has raised greenhouse gas levels in the atmosphere, resulting in higher heat absorption and higher surface temperatures. Air pollutants in the atmosphere affect climate through scattering and absorbing solar and infrared energy, as well as changing cloud microphysical and chemical properties. Finally, changes in land use, such as deforestation, have affected the amount of sunlight reflected back into space.

Definition of Weather

Weather is the daily atmospheric conditions of a specific place. The study of weather is necessary to understand its effects on the everyday life and activities of humans. The atmospheric conditions like the brightness of sun, wind, visibility, humidity, cloudiness, temperature, etc. measure the weather of a particular day and time.

Weather can change within minutes, or hours, or even as per seasons. These changes mostly happen in the closest atmospheric layer to the ground called the troposphere. Nowadays, due to satellite observation, weather prediction has become easy.

The effects of weather change:

Many crops farmed around the world will be affected by weather changes. Wheat and rice thrive in hot regions, whereas maize and sugarcane prefer cooler conditions. Changes in rainfall patterns will have an impact on the growth of plants and crops. The impact of changing weather on plant development could lead to food shortages in some regions. Brazil, sections of Africa, Southeast Asia, and China will be the hardest hit, with many people facing starvation.

Difference between Weather and Climate in Points:

Even though both weather and climate include some similar atmospheric elements, there are some prominent differences between these two. Here are some differences between weather and climate in tabular form-

Sr. No.




The day-to-day information of atmospheric changes of a particular area at a specific time is called weather.

Climate is the statistical information of the average weather condition of a specific region for more than 30 years. 


The weather of a place includes the short-term atmospheric condition. Also, these atmospheric conditions can change within a short period like minutes, hours, days, etc.

The climate of a country or zone includes the long-term average atmospheric conditions. Thus, the climate is the average weather information observed over decades.


The atmospheric elements of weather are air pressure, humidity, wind, temperature, rain, cloudiness, storms, snow, precipitation, etc. These conditions can affect the weather of the place within a short time.

When the atmospheric elements of weather are observed over the decades, those become the affecting conditions of climate. These conditions can include temperature, humidity, wind, etc.


The weather of a particular location can impact the day to day human life like occupation, transportation, communication, agriculture, etc.

The climate of a country significantly impacts industries, agriculture, the livelihood of the inhabitants of that geographical locale.


Weather conditions change very frequently.

Climate conditions change over a long period.


The meteorological department of a place observes the changes in weather conditions. The study of weather forecasting is known as meteorology. 

Institutes of climate studies observe and predict the changes in climate. This study is called climatology.

Difference Between Climate and Season

Similar to the climate weather difference, the season is different from the climate. The season is determined by the changes in weather during a specific time of the year. Contrastingly, the climate is the behavior of the atmosphere over a longer timeline. Thus, the prime difference between season and climate is also the measure of duration.

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FAQs on Difference Between Weather and Climate

1. What are the types of climate?

Global climates can be categorised into 5 types. They are dry, cold, temperate, tropical, and polar.

2. What are the 4 climate zones?

The earth is divided into 4 different climate zones, namely temperate, tropical, subtropical, and arctic.

3. What is the root of global warming?

Climate change is caused primarily by human activity. People use fossil fuels and turn forestland into agricultural land. Carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, is created when fossil fuels are burned. The "greenhouse effect" is why it's termed a greenhouse gas.

4. What factors have an impact on the weather?

Solar radiation, the quantity of which varies with Earth's tilt, orbital distance from the sun, and latitude, temperature, air pressure, and the abundance of water are the four basic elements that determine weather.