Components of Food

What Are The Components Of Food?

As per norms, there are various human rights, and access to food is one of them. It is crucial for our good health and ultimately to live and survive. It is the choices of food that affect our health and gradually depend on how we are going to spend the future days. 

Good nutrition is a pivotal part of our lives that further promotes a healthy lifestyle. A perfectly curated diet, when combined with physical activities, can help us maintain a healthy weight, reduce the risks of diseases, and of course, promote overall health.

What Is The Composition Of Food?

Foods are made of both energy and non-energy components. The energy is obtained in the form of calories that are required by our boy cells. The components of food in the form of energy include:

  • Carbohydrates – It is the primary source of energy for our bodies. It comprises of sugars that are present in food and directly impact the blood sugar level.

  • Protein-Protein is a crucial part of our body to repair, build, and renew the organs and damaged tissues in our body.

  • Fats – Fats play a vital role in the freight system of transporting several vitamins throughout the body with essential fatty acids.

  • Vitamins and minerals – These are not required on a daily basis but still essential to healthy living.

  • Dietary fiber – This is a vegetable element that is not digested by our body. This only helps in intestinal regularity.

What Is The Role Of Nutrients For Our Bodies?

Nutrients are substances that are generally found in different foods and its constituents. It helps in driving biological activities, and hence, it is essential for our body. There are six different types of nutrients. These are: 

Source of nutrients


Rice, Pasta, Potatoes, Milk, Sugar, Bread, Fruits


Butter, Nuts, Margarine, Oils, Avocadoes, Olives, Seafood


Nuts, Legumes, Dairy, Meat, Egg White, Seafood


Fruits, Vegetables, Grains, Cereals Dairy, Soybean


Any beverage, Component of any food (vegetable and fruit)


Red meat, Milk, Vegetables, Seafood

Note: Vitamins and minerals are categorized and can be obtained through specific food sources.

Constituents of Food

The human body is built and powered by choice of food that we intake. Therefore, we should maintain a healthy diet in order to prevent future complications that arise from aging. The components of a balanced diet are:

Food Components



It is made of a complex organic compound that contains hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, carbon, sulfur, and phosphorous.


These are actually hydrates of carbon and have three elements like hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon.


These are made from fatty acids and a form of alcohol called glycerol. Fats are less in oxygen and, thus, make the difference with carbohydrates.


Vitamins are an organic compound that acts as catalysts during the chemical reaction of metabolism.


Make sure that a balanced diet is rich in iron, calcium, iodine, sodium phosphorous, zinc, copper magnesium, chlorine, and fluorine.


This is an inorganic substance that helps in assimilation by preparing the food.

Why Is A Balanced Diet Important?

We often take eating as granted until something major is faced through health problems. The loss of ability to eat is similar to losing a life. This is the reason, maintaining the constituents of food are crucial to living a healthy life. Now, it is not always possible to measure and intake the constituents, and thus, as a rule of thumb, it’s good to follow a healthy and balanced diet. 

It is said that the feeling of food depends on the person’s ability to tolerate, illness, or the need for restriction. This is the reason; some people find it challenging when they are re-learning to eat after a stroke or surgery.

What Is The Need For Maintaining The Constituent Of Foods?

Food and its components play a major role in our lives. Whether it’s a baby, young children, adolescent, or a complete grown-up man, the human body grows at a rapid rate until a particular age. The components of food are required for fueling the growth and maintaining the body after the growth is stopped. Human body cells need to grow and develop just like we do. It is actually the body parts, including cells, tissues, bones, and muscles that grow, and we, from the outer layer, see ourselves as growing. Protein is the building block for our body, and thus, it is a vital inclusion for growth and maintaining a healthy living. Protein with the combination of fats, minerals, and other ingredients provides the best nutrients to our body. The growing phase of our body needs some extra amount of nutrients when compared to the latter part.

Maintaining a good link between weight and nutrition can help people reduce the symptoms of chronic diseases and an overall decline in health. Before it’s too late, consider taking steps to improve your dietary rules by introducing a well-consulted balanced diet.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What are the components of food?

Nutrients are essential compounds that are required by our body. Unfortunately, our body fails to make sufficient nutrients on its own, and thus, we need proper food to intake. The major nutrients of food are:

  • Protein

  • Carbohydrate

  • Fats

  • Vitamin

  • Mineral

  • Water

2. Which vitamin is required for maintaining good eyesight?

Vitamin A is required for maintaining good eyesight. It falls under the category of antioxidant compounds, which are crucial for our eyesight. It not only helps in promoting vision but also helps in bone health and growth and the entire immune system.

3. What is the function of carbohydrates for our bodies?

The primary function of carbohydrates is to produce healthy fats that are used for energy production. It helps in supplying energy to the cells in our body. Some cells in the body prefer glucose instead of fatty acids. 

4. What is the function of water in our bodies?

Water is an inorganic substance that helps in the preparation of food inside the body. It also helps your tissues, spinal cords, and joints. 

Why do we need to include iron in a balanced diet?

Iron is an essential mineral that helps in transporting oxygen throughout the body. It is a part of hemoglobin (a substance found in red blood cells).