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Influenza

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Influenza Meaning

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The term “influenza” is a scientific term for flu or a highly contagious fever and viral infections of the respiratory organs like lungs causing severe ache and muscular pain. Influenza is also known as ‘flu’ or ‘grippe’, but it is not the same as any other flu for instance stomach flu which causes vomiting and diarrhea.


There are multiple symptoms of influenza including sore throat, muscular pain, headache, fatigue ness, and extremely high fever which usually begin to show within 2-3 days after exposure to the virus and generally last for 5 days or a week. 


The Spread of Influenza 

The virus of influenza spreads rapidly among people via the tiny droplets which are formed by people who talk, cough or sneezes while suffering from the influenza virus themselves. The droplets reach the other person and quickly land on their mouth or nose which they inhale and that leads to the spread of the virus. Sometimes these influenza or flu viruses spread when a person touches a surface or anything that was taken over by the flu virus and touches their face or nose or sometimes their eyes instantly. 

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People with a weak immune system can easily get the virus and could easily be affected by the symptoms of influenza. The factors that rapidly increase the spread of the influenza virus are as follow:

  • Weak immune system

  • Age

  • Chronic health problems

  • Obesity

  • Pregnancy

  • Environmental surroundings

  • The use of aspirin below the age of 18

  • It is reported that certain races around the world are prone to the influenza virus. 

Introduction of Influenza

Different Kind of Influenza

Four types of influenza or flu virus having their kind of genus that attack people and cause severe fever and uncontrollable pain. The name of the four different kinds of influenza virus are as follow:


1. Influenza A Virus (IAV)

It is usually responsible for the illness among people worldwide especially those who are suffering from chronic health issues despite the age group that causes seasonal epidemics and pandemics. 


2. Influenza B Virus (IBV)

IBV infects human beings as well as animals such as dogs and horses. The symptoms are the same as Influenza A Virus, but not extremely deadly to cause a pandemic. 


3. Influenza C Virus (ICV)

This type of flu virus causes mild respiratory illness and usually affects children which generally lasts for a week, and is curable with the help of vaccination. The symptoms include severe fever and cold but can also cause pneumonia if not treated on time. 


4. Influenza D Virus (IDV)

It has also been found only in animals such as pigs and cattle and is not found in human beings. IDV is almost like ICV in its nature and symptoms. 


Influenza Infections

Here is the list of symptoms that are included in the spread of influenza or flu virus. They are as follow:

  • Severe fever

  • Sweating and chills

  • Running nose

  • Headache

  • Muscular pain

  • Fatigue and tiredness

  • Stuffed or running nose

  • Sore throat

  • Vomiting

  • Diarrhea

  • Continuous coughing

  • Dry mouth

  • No taste sense

  • Dizziness

  • Dehydration

Most people try to treat the flu virus at home and avoid the visit to the doctor. But the flu could be dangerous and if there are certain health complications then it is extremely essential to visit a doctor and take medical help for the cure of the flu or influenza. 


Influenza Epidemic Meaning

It is reported that every 50 years there is a pandemic of the influenza virus. Epidemics are extremely common and seasonal when it comes to the virus of influenza in various parts of the world. Out of the four species of influenza virus, the Influenza A virus causes seasonal epidemics. In an epidemic, a whole community gets affected severely by the spread of a virus or disease. The 1918 Influenza pandemic was a historical event in the history of health and medicine which caused millions of deaths. It happened in Spain and therefore was called Spanish flu, although it first occurred and spread from Kansas, USA. 


Prevention of Influenza Virus

Here is the list of measures one should follow for the prevention of the spread of influenza:

  • Regular cleaning and dusting of the house or workplace to keep it clean and virus-free. 

  • Avoid touching your face and nose often.

  • Cover while sneezing or coughing.

  • Washing hands after every meal.

  • Avoiding the crowded place.

Fun Fact about Influenza

There are several facts about influenza that most people around the world don’t know about. Here are few facts about influenza:

  • The flu virus could spread among people even before one gets to know they are sick.

  • It is most likely to affect a certain age group and not everyone gets infected with influenza. People with a low immune system get affected easily by this virus.

  • The flu takes time to develop inside a human’s body. It is not noticeable until 2-3 days. 

People have many questions regarding the influenza virus. They are as follow:

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Who are Most Likely to Get Affected by the Flu?

Influenza is a curable disease but it is not possible not to contract it from others. Influenza is a contagious disease that spreads rapidly among human beings. To prevent the severe symptoms of the flu virus one needs to take certain measures to protect them and their families. People of certain age groups which are children from the age of 1-6 years old and adults from the age of 65 and above could easily contract this infectious disease. Also, people with the weak immune system and severe chronic health issues could be the victim of influenza. 

2. How Long Does it Take to Cure Influenza?

The symptoms of flu might look extremely common at first, for instance, running nose, cold, and cough. The development of flu takes place gradually in a person and makes one feel worse when compared to cold. The symptoms of flu develop in 2-3 days, and if a person is healthy with a strong immune system it will hardly take 4-5 days to cure t=influenza. A person suffering from medical issues might take a long time to cure influenza approximately a week or two.