1. How do the viruses get their name?
Viruses are named according to their genetic structure to allow the development of diagnostic tests, vaccines, and medicines. The nomenclature is done by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses.
2. How are virus structures different ?
Viruses differ in their structure. Every virus has a genetic material DNA or RNA and is protected by a protective layer called capsid. The shape of capsid varies from one to another and these are made from the proteins which are encoded by viral genes within their genome. Few viruses have a protective layer called ‘envelope’ beneath the capsid which is made of phospholipids and proteins.