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Uses of Plants for Class 2 - The Source of Sustenance for All Forms of Life

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An Introduction to the World of Plants

We can see lots of plants around us. They are of different colours, shapes, and sizes. They also show a wide diversity among them. Some plants grow in cold regions and some grow in hot regions. Certain plants grow in tropical regions.

Plants belong to the kingdom Plantae. There are various types of plants. These include trees, shrubs, herbs, medicinal plants, creepers, etc. Plants require an optimum amount of water, air and nutrients. They get these from nature itself.

Trees are big and strong. They have trunks, branches and leaves. Some trees may bear fruits, for example, the mango tree, apple tree and jackfruit tree while the banyan tree is known for its gigantic appearance. Shrubs are small woody plants which are smaller than trees. Rose plants, tulsi plants, and hibiscus plants are some examples.

Herbs such as basil, mint, and coriander are used for flavouring food. Medicinal plants such as tulsi are very useful medicines. Climbers and creepers such as melons and pea plants have weak stems and need support to grow.


Tropical rainforest


Tropical Rainforest

Plants – How Do They Help Us?

Human beings and other animals largely depend upon plants for their survival. Plants play an important role in our existence. There are various uses of plants. Here we are mainly discussing the uses of plants for Class 2.

One of the important things those plants provide us is that they provide clean air for our breathing. The environment consists of carbon dioxide and oxygen. The plants take up carbon dioxide and give out oxygen which we respire. In this way, they also help us out in regulating air pollution. By growing more and more trees we can reduce air pollution.

Another important use of plants is that they provide us with food. Plants bear fruits like mango, grapes, apples, oranges etc and we can consume those fruits. Even leaves like spinach and lettuce are also consumable. From the roots, we can get potatoes, radishes, and tapioca. From seeds, we can consume almonds, wheat, and cashew nuts.

Plants shelter us. The branches of big trees can serve as shelter for many birds and small animals. They give us shade from the scorching sun during hot summers. They also provide wood for constructing houses. They provide wood for making tables, chairs and other materials. During olden times people used to take a rest under the big banyan trees.

We need clothing and we use cotton for making different types of clothing. From where do we get this cotton? Have you wondered about that? Yes, it is obtained from cotton plants. The obtained cotton can be used to make different types of clothes for us.

Also, plants provide us with perfumes, rubber, latex etc. Beautiful flowers like jasmine and rose are used for preparing perfumes. Rubber plants provide us with rubber and we use them to make erasers, tyres etc. Some seeds are oily and they provide us with oils such as sunflower oil, coconut oil, etc.

We all love to write and draw. We need paper for that purpose. Papers are manufactured by using wood pulp. So plants also provide us with paper which is one of the stationeries we use in our day-to-day life. These are some of the various uses of plants.

Uses of plants chart


Uses of Plants Chart

Medicinal Plants

Some plants can cure our diseases. Such plants are called medicinal plants. For example, in our households, we may see that our mother or grandmother will give us tulsi leaves to cure a cold and cough. Tulsi is one of the medicinal plants and it has the benefits of curing a cold, cough and fever. Tulsi is also known as the queen of medicinal plants.

Neem is another medicinal plant which can cure many diseases such as bacterial infections, aches and chicken pox. Aloe vera is known as the king of medicinal plants. It can cure poor body immunity and acne. Ginger is a perfect solution for digestion problems. Fenugreek leaves also help in controlling cholesterol and diabetes. The following image shows some of the popular medicine plant names.

Medicinal plants chart


Medicinal Plants Chart

Medicinal Plants


Medicinal Plants

Interesting Facts about Brahmi Plants

  • Ayurveda is a famous medical practice followed in our country. Brahmi is a medicinal plant used in Ayurveda medicines.

  • Brahmi plants have a soft stem with white flowers and mostly they are found in damp and marshy areas. By observing these features, we know how to identify Brahmi plants.

  • This small plant is a hub of various medicinal values. Here are some interesting facts about this plant.

  • It acts as a powerful antioxidant. It can reduce anxiety and stress. By taking Brahmi, kids can boost their memory power. This will help their brain to develop. So Brahmi is vital for small children for their brain development and memory.

  • Also, this plant can reduce blood pressure and aches. Brahmi is also helpful for wound healing and reducing diabetes and it is good for hair growth.

Brahmi plant


Brahmi Plant

How to Draw a Plant?

Drawing is always fun, right? Plant drawings for kids can be one of the easiest art to start with. Let us now see how to draw a plant easily from these steps.

Steps of drawing a plant


Steps of Drawing a Plant

This is how we can easily draw a plant.

Important Questions

1. What is coconut oil used for?

Ans: Coconut oil is mainly used for cooking purposes. The coconut oil is extracted from the coconut tree. The oil has many health benefits and intake of it is very useful.

2. Which part of the plant is used for making perfumes?

Ans: We use perfumes in our daily life. The flowers of different plants are used for making perfumes. Roses and Jasmines are some of the examples of flowers used for making perfumes.

Practise Questions

1. Plants take up ______ and give out ___________.

Ans: Carbon dioxide, Oxygen

2. Give an example of food from the root of the plant.

  1. Almonds

  2. Potato

  3. Mango

  4. Grapes

Ans: Potato

Key Features

  • Plants are living beings which prepare food by using sunlight. They grow in soil.

  • They act as helping hands for the survival of living beings in mother nature.

  • They have various uses such as they provide shelter, food, clothing, perfumes, clean air and paper.

  • Medicinal plants are those having medicinal value. They have many medicinal qualities and can be used to cure many diseases.

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FAQs on Uses of Plants for Class 2 - The Source of Sustenance for All Forms of Life

1. What are the five uses of plants?

Plants are important for the survival of life on mother earth. They have various uses. Plants provide food in the form of fruits, vegetables, seeds etc. All living beings can consume this for their survival. Plants provide shelter for all living beings. Plants are the reason for rainfall. Plants provide us with clothing. Can obtain different types of natural fibres from plants and these are used for making clothes. Plants clean the air and reduce air pollution. These are some of the important uses of plants.

2. Can we grow Brahmi in our homes?

Yes, we can easily grow them in our homes. Firstly cut a stem with leaves and keep it in a pot containing water. We have to change the water every day for a week, and after one week we can observe roots coming from the plant. After that, we can transfer the sapling to a pot or garden. The Brahmi plant is very important for brain development and memory boosting. It can also improve our immunity and reduce blood sugar levels. 

3. What are plants?

Plants are those living beings which make their food by using sunlight. We can find plants and trees everywhere. We should care for plants and we should water them. We should not cut plants and should not cause deforestation. Plants have various uses. They provide us with shelter, good air, food and many other things. Plants should be placed in sunlight. They use sunlight for making food. There are various types of plants. They include trees, shrubs, herbs, climbers and creepers.