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Uses of Plants

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Uses of Plants in Everyday Life

Plants play a very crucial role in human lives and help all living organisms to survive. All the living creatures on earth depend upon plants for shelter, food, medicines, and other materials of everyday life. Plants purify the polluted air and produce fresh oxygen in the environment. Without plants, our survival on earth will be difficult as it will cause the human race to suffer from various diseases, and ultimately the race will subside. Firewood, timber, fibers, medicines, dyes, pesticides, oils, and rubber are some uses of plants in everyday life.

We, humans, are cutting down plants and destroying our beautiful environment, for which we have to pay heavily. In today's world, plant-based products are so costly, and for our misuse, we have lost the greenery from our surroundings. We will discuss the medicinal uses of plants as it helps us to cure many diseases naturally without side effects. Since old age plants act as medicines for various diseases and it is termed Ayurveda medicines. 

Important Uses of Plants

Various living creatures on earth use plants in their everyday life. Some important uses of plants are mentioned below, as, without them, the earth would have been a lifeless planet.

  • Plants provide food and supply nutrients to nearly all terrestrial organisms, including human beings. We feed on plant-based food or animal-based products. These animals also survive on feeding upon plants.

  • Plants help to reduce pollution from the environment. It takes in carbon dioxide and releases oxygen during the process of photosynthesis. For the cellular respiration of all aerobic organisms, oxygen is essential. It protects the earth from harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun and maintains the ozone layer. As a result, the reduction of carbon dioxide from the environment reduces greenhouse effects and global warming.

  • Through biogeochemical processes, plants recycle materials. Plants also help to rain through the process of transcription. It pulls water from the soil with the help of roots and lets that evaporate from the surfaces of the leaves and stem. Some nitrogen-fixing plants are peas that host bacteria for this process. Through plants, the nitrogen supplies pass on to the consumers.

  • For human use, plants supply many products like firewood, timber, fruits, vegetables, medicines, dyes, pesticides, etc.

  • Plants provide shelters to many living organisms like species of insects, worms, mammals, birds, reptiles. Every single tree is the reason for the survival of all living organisms on earth.

The uses of plants chart below explain various useful benefits that we get from plants in our everyday lives.

Uses of Plants Chart

Parts of Plants


Fruits and vegetable

Vegetables are green foods that are rich in vitamins and minerals. Fruits contain vitamin c that helps to boost immunity.

Roots: radish, carrots, potatoes, onions

These are rich in iron and a good source of potassium, carbohydrates and provide energy to our body.

Seeds: wheat, rice, barley, flaxseeds etc.

These are rich sources of carbohydrates, omega 3 fatty acids, and also proteins which build strength in our muscles. 


These are important as are many spices like cardamom, cloves used for medicinal purposes. Others add flavors to our food and give us energy.

Leaves: neem, brahmi, tulsi

Used for medicinal purposes.

Stem: Acacia

It produces rubber for making wheels of vehicles and is also used for erasing pencil marks etc. 

Stem: wood

Sandalwood, mahogany woods are used to build furniture. 

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Trees have a vast impact on our lives, and it is impossible to survive without them. The uses of plants in everyday life are huge, and we cannot replace them with any other human-made products. Today's world understands the important uses of plant based products as it helps to reduce global warming and balance our ecology. The uses of plants chart will also help us to know the benefits that a plant provides. 

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FAQs on Uses of Plants

1. What are the 10 Uses of Plants?

Ans: Some common uses of plants are given in the following points: One of the main uses of plants activity is providing food to the living organisms. Plants are the first source of food in the living food chain. Oxygen is the most important element to live on this earth, and that oxygen is produced by plants. So the survival of living organisms also comes under the use of plants. Malaria, different infections, anxiety, lung problems like asthma, bronchitis, etc., are all treated with the medicinal uses of plants. Papers are made by using trees like bamboo etc. We use wood from trees to make furniture and household utensils. Rubber is extracted from rubber trees which are used for various purposes. Important Uses of plants in everyday life also include giving shelter or helping us to take shelter. Clothing is also one of the uses of plants like cotton and silk. Fabrics and ropes are obtained from plants. Plants also provide us with some fuels for daily use.

2. What are the Uses of Plants for Treating Diseases?

Ans: Tulsi, aloe vera, Neem, turmeric, and ginger are some common medicinal plants that we use in our daily lives. In Indian society, almost every house prepares a medicinal tea that can cure a cold, cough, and fever. The tea includes ginger, tulsi, turmeric, black pepper, and many other medicinal herbs. These are a few home remedies used by our grandparents and old cultural people that are helpful. Today we have many chemicals and synthetic medicines that can cure us but also stains our body with several side effects. Medicinal uses of plants can be vast as it helps to cure many diseases like malaria, dengue. Herbs like black pepper, cinnamon, and aloe help to heal wounds like sores and boils. Many herbs are used to purify the blood and reduce fever by eliminating metabolic toxins. Chirayata, sandalwood, black pepper are traditional Indian medicines that reduce fever. Ginger, honey, and cloves are used to prepare cough syrup and are also helpful for babies. Some plants have also acted as disinfectants and kill bacteria and germs.