Saddle Joints

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Introduction

A joint is often known as a robust affiliation that connects each bone and gristle along. Joints play a vital role by connecting 2 bones along, facilitate in movements and conjointly bear weight. There are different kinds of joints, that embody freely movable, mounted and slightly movable joints, and have specialised functions that support movement and locomotion.

A synovial joint is one among the three types of joints, which can be classified based on their structure and is one of the most commonly known joints in the human body. Synovial joints are more flexible and movable joints, which perform a good range of locomotion, like walking, running, typing and more. These joints are found near the neck joint, shoulder, wrist, knee, etc.

An articulatio synovialis is of six different types and are mainly classified on the movement supported. The types of synovial joints are:

  • Pivot Joints - 

In this kind of joint, one bone has tapped into the opposite in such a manner that full rotation is impossible. This joint helps in sideways and back-forth movement. An example of a pivotal joint is the neck joint.

  • Hinge Joints - 

Hinge joints can be defined as the joints which work like door hinges, where only back and forth movement is possible. Example of hinge joints is the ankle, elbows, and knee joints.

  • Saddle Joints - 

Saddle joint is the biaxial joint that allows the movement on two planes–flexion/extension and abduction/adduction. For example, the thumb is the only bone within the physical body having a saddle joint.

  • Ball-and-Socket Joints- 

Here, one bone is hooked into the cavity of another bone. This type of joint helps in rotatory movement. An example ball and socket joint are the shoulders.

  • Condyloid Joints -

They are the joints with two axes which enable up-down and side-to-side motions. The condyloid joints are often found at the bottom of the index, carpals of the wrist, elbow and therefore the wrist joints. This joint is additionally referred to as a condylar, or ellipsoid joint.

  • Gliding Joints -

They are a standard sort of articulatio synovialis. It is also referred to as a plane or planar joint. This joint permits two or more round or flat bones to manoeuvre freely together with none rubbing or crushing of bones. This joint is especially found in those regions where the 2 bones meet and glide on each other in any of the directions. The lower leg to the ankle and therefore the forearm to the wrist are the 2 main samples of gliding joints.

What are Saddle Joints?

A saddle joint may be a sort of line and movable joint that enables movements on 2 planes–flexion or extension and abduction or motion. This joint is specially fashioned between the bones, whose articulating surfaces have each umbilicate and umbellate regions.

Saddle joints also are referred to as sellar joints, which are highly flexible joints. There are only a couple of saddle joints present in our body. These include joints at the bottom of the thumb finger, upper part of the breastbone and therefore the incudomalleolar joint, which is found within the inner human ear.

Features of Saddle Joints

  1. Saddle joints are the same as condyloid joints.

  2. The name saddle joint is especially derived from its form or structure.

  3. This joint appearance is quite the same as the saddle seat and hence the named saddle joint.

  4. The connecting bones are formed like interlocking saddles.

  5. This joint permits a bigger variety of motion than alternative joints.

  6. Compared to ball and socket joints, saddle joints don't offer an entire rotation.

  7. Flexibility and also the interlocking is a lot more in saddle joints in comparison to alternative styles of secretion joints.

  8. The structure of saddle joints may be a combination of each hinge joint and ball and socket joint.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What are Joints?

Ans - Joints can be defined as the points or the locations within the body where two or more bones meet together which helps in the smooth functioning of the body parts. 


2. What are the Different Types of Joint?

Ans- There are 3 different types of Joints and are classified mainly based on their mobility:

  • Fibrous Joints or Fixed Joints

  • Synovial Joints or Freely Movable Joints

  • Cartilaginous Joints or Slightly Moveable Joints.

3. What are the Functions of the Joints?

Ans - The basic functions of joints are to connect bones within our body. It also helps us to move, rotate and also bear the weight of the body.

4. What are the Different Types of Synovial Joint?

Ans - Synovial joints are further classified into six different categories based on the shape and structure:

  • Planar joints

  • Hinge joints

  • Pivot joints

  • Condyloid joints

  • Saddle joints

  • Ball-and-socket joints.

5. What are the Examples of Synovial Joint?

Ans - Some of the examples of ball-and-socket joints are - Elbow, Neck, Knee, Shoulder, Thumb, Hip, Wrist and Intercarpal joints.