1. What is biodiversity?
The variability of life on Earth is called Biodiversity. It refers to the variations of living organisms at species and genetic levels. Biodiversity takes into account all the living organisms present on Earth. Healthy and good biodiversity indicate a healthy and good ecosystem.
2. What is the loss of biodiversity?
Various human activities and interventions and natural factors lead to the depletion of ecosystems. This is called a loss of biodiversity. Loss of biodiversity has a poor impact on the ecosystem. It directly impacts the ecosystem and food chains in it. It affects agriculture and weakens the resistance to natural disasters like floods, drought, etc.
3. What are the various measures to conserve biodiversity?
Various measures that can be taken to conserve biodiversity may include- prevention of deforestation, preventions of species extinctions by poaching and killing, efficient use of natural resources, no human interventions on biologically affected lands, etc.