Reproduction is important for continuing the existence of a species, but such an alarming growth will certainly cause the shortage of the many basic necessities. This thought marked the onset of birth control in India. By the 1970's, the government came forward with effective methods to regulate population. Medical termination of pregnancy may be a method to regulate population, although its real purpose isn't that. Let us have a look at the medical termination of pregnancy and its legal views.
What is Pregnancy?
Pregnancy occurs when the sperm fertilizes the egg, and therefore the zygote is made . The zygote gets implanted in the wall of the uterus. As soon because the implantation takes place, the necessity for nourishment and care arises because the growth of the zygote develops into an embryo which further grows into a baby. This responsibility is haunted by a layer formed between the baby and therefore the mother, called the placenta. The placenta is made by finger-like projections called chorionic villi and therefore the uterine tissue. This layer plays a vital roles during pregnancy, which are briefly discussed as follows:-
Providing nutrients and oxygen to the growing fetus.
It also removes the waste materials given out by the fetus substituting the function of the gastrointestinal system and therefore the excretory system.
The placenta releases hormones like human placental lactogen, progesterone, estrogen, human chorionic gonadotropin and relaxin which are necessary for the expansion of the fetus.
The duct that connects the fetus to the placenta helps in transportation of drugs required for growth from the mother to the fetus.
Medical Termination of Pregnancy
Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) may be a legalized method of termination of pregnancy, intentionally, before its term. It is also referred to as abortion or intentional or voluntary termination of pregnancy. As per the records, during a year around 50 million MTPs happen everywhere on the planet. Many misinterpret MTP as a birth control method. Thus, it is misused.Though it counteracts the uncontrollable population, it is not meant for controlling the population.
Medical termination of pregnancy is that the method to terminate the unwanted or unintentional pregnancies. From the emotional, ethical, religious and social point of views, MTP is taken into account as unethical and remains a debatable topic. Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act, 1971 is an attempt of the Indian government to urge to obviate unwanted pregnancy legally with no misuse. This act mainly focuses on unwanted pregnancies and is applicable to all or any women with certain terms and conditions. Legally, a lady can do abortion only under following conditions:
The risk of abortion increases as the time passes on. The first trimester (up to 12 weeks) of pregnancy is taken into account safe for abortion. As the women enter the trimester , risk factors may increase and may even be fatal to the mother.
The worst part of MTP is that the majority of them are performed illegally by unqualified frauds. Moreover, there are a couple of evil practices associated with reproduction still prevalent in our society which majorly includes female foeticide. For the purpose, misuse of amniocentesis test is also taking place.
To stop this crime, a legal ban has been placed on amniocentesis test – sex determination of the unborn kid by analyzing the chromosomal content of the amnionic fluid surrounding the fetus.
Restrictions and rules might control the illegal MTPs and feminine foeticides. However, the counseling and general awareness of gender equality and risk factors related to unsafe sexual contacts may take a long way to avoid unhealthy acts.