MCQs on Solid Waste Management

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What is Solid Waste Management?

Solid-waste management is a process of collecting, disposing, and treating solid material that is discarded because it has served its purpose or is no longer useful. An improper municipal solid waste disposal can create unsanitary conditions. In turn, these conditions can lead to environmental pollution and to outbreaks of vector-borne disease -which are the diseases spread by insects and rodents. Solid-waste management tasks present complex technical challenges. Also, they pose a wide range of administrative, social, and economic problems that must be managed and solved.

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The solid waste management also offers solutions for recycling items that do not belong to trash or garbage. As long as the people have been living in residential areas and settlements, solid or garbage waste has been an issue. Waste management is all about how the solid waste can be converted and used as a valuable resource.

Solid waste management should be adopted by each and every household, including the business owners across the world. The industrialization has induced a lot of good things and as well as bad things. One of the adverse effects of industrialization is solid waste creation.

There are various methods that are planned towards waste management, and on this common issue, some solid waste management micro-projects have also been introduced by many of the experts. Vegetative segregation is also one among them where it results from partitioning of cytoplasmic organelles and from random replication.


Let Us Get Some Understanding by Taking Some MCQs on Solid Waste Management.

1. Identify a Sort of Plan That We Should Make to the Disposal of Solid Waste from the Given Ones?

  1. The integrated waste management plan

  2. Recycling of waste management plan

  3. Reducing the waste management plan

  4. Use of waste management plan

Answer: (a)

Explanation

Solid waste disposal should be part of an integrated waste management plan. This integrated solid waste management method is a plan of collection, processing, resource recovery, and final disposal of solid waste.


2. The ‘Municipal Solid Waste’ Is the Term Used to Describe Which Kind of Solid Waste?

  1. Hazardous

  2. Toxic

  3. Non-hazardous

  4. Non-toxic

Answer: (a)

Explanation

Generally, the ‘Municipal Solid Waste’ term is used to describe most of the non-hazardous solid waste from a Village, Town, or City that requires a daily collection and transport to a disposal site or to processing.


3. Identify the Following Ones Which Can Be Recycled Many Times?

  1. Plastic

  2. Wood

  3. Organic materials

  4. Aluminum

Answer: (d)

Explanation

Recycling means, reusing some of the components of the waste that has some economic value. Aluminum can be recycled as many times as we want. The mining of new aluminum is quite expensive, and hence recycling of aluminum plays a vital role in the aluminum industry.


4. Why Do Plastics Fall Under a Difficult Meterial to Recycle?

  1. Because it is a very hard material

  2. Because plastic is very adhesive in its nature

  3. Because of different types of polymer resins

  4. Because of the different sizes of plastic

Answer: c

Explanation

Plastic is a very difficult material to recycle due to various or mixed types of polymer resins in their production. Since each plastic type has a distinct chemical composition, different plastic materials cannot be recycled together.


5. How Does an Organic Material Decompose in the Buried Solid Waste?

  1. By the action of microorganisms

  2. By the action of oxidation

  3. By the soil particles

  4. By the flow of water\

Answer: (a)

Explanation

The organic material will decompose in the buried solid waste due to the action of microorganisms. At first, the waste aerobically decomposes until the oxygen present in the freshly placed fill is used up by the aerobic microorganisms.


6. What is Called for the Method of Burning Municipal Solid Waste in a Properly Designed Furnace Under Operating Conditions and Suitable Temperature?

  1. Landfill

  2. Recycling

  3. Vermicomposting

  4. Incineration

Answer: (d)


7. Why is Recycled Paper Banned for Usage in Food Containers?

  1. Because paper is used only one time

  2. Because it creates contamination

  3. Because the paper is very thick and it cannot cover the food containers

  4. Because it creates a lot of spaces

Answer: (b)


8. Identify the Wastes That Are Known as the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) from the Following?

  1. Wood pieces

  2. Plastic cans

  3. Food wastes

  4. All of the above

Answer:(d)


9. The Wastes Burning Is Not an Acceptable Practice of Solid Waste Management Because ____?

  1. It requires a lot of space

  2. It requires modern technologies

  3. It causes several environmental issues

  4. It is very costly

Answer: (c)


10. Which of the Following Ones Is the Simplest and Most Common Method Used in the Cities to Dump the Wastes That Are Collected?

  1. River

  2. Ocean

  3. Landfill

  4. None of the above

Sol:(c)


11. When the Matter Present Inside the Sanitary Landfill Breaks Down, Which of the Following Gas Generates?

  1. Methane

  2. Nitrogen

  3. Hydrogen

  4. All of the above

Answer: (a)


12. Identify the Correct One from the Given List About Wastes?

  1. There is no real waste in nature

  2. The apparent wastes collected from one process becomes the input to another

  3. All processes of consumption and production produce waste

  4. All of the above

Sol:(d)


13. Which of the Following Methods is a Good One in Dealing With the Solid Waste Problem?

  1. Landfilling

  2. Recycling

  3. Both a and b

  4. None of the above

Sol: (b)

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Identify the Incorrect Statement from the Given List for Plastic Wastes?

  1. Plastic can be used to make compost

  2. It lasts for a longer time period

  3. Toxic fumes are produced when plastic is burnt

  4. All of the above

Answer: (1)

2. From the Below Statements, Which One Features Zero Waste Management?

  1. Separate collection of each kind

  2. Separation of garbage at the source

  3. Involvement of the community in all activities

  4. All of the above

Answer: (4)

3. Which Gas Can Be Produced from Landfill Wastes from the Following?

  1. Natural gas

  2. Biogas

  3. Liquified petroleum gas

  4. All of the above

Answer: (2)

4. How Many Main/Primary Components Exist in Integrated Waste Management?

  1. Two

  2. Three

  3. Seven

  4. Eleven

Answer: (2)

5. The First City to Establish the System of Waste Removal Was _____?

  1. Lahore

  2. Athens 

  3. aris

  4. London

Answer: (2)