Dhristi NEET 2022-24

World Environment Day

The United Nations designated the date June 5 as World Environment Day to emphasise that environmental protection and health is a major issue that affects people's well-being and economic development around the world. The commemoration of this day allows us to broaden the basis for an enlightened opinion and responsible behaviour by individuals, businesses, and communities in the preservation and enhancement of the environment.

The Conference on the Human Environment, also known as the Stockholm Conference, was the first major conference on environmental issues, and it took place in 1972, marking a turning point in international environmental politics. On December 15, that year, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution designating June 5 as World Environment Day, urging “governments and the United Nations system to undertake on that day that is June 5 every year worldwide activities reaffirming their concern for the preservation as well as enhancement of the environment, with a view to deepening environmental awareness.”

UNESCO is known to have a long history of pioneering work on ecosystems, biosphere reserves, capacity building, scientific assessments, and policy briefs to assist decision-makers in managing natural resources in a sustainable manner. Local communities and indigenous peoples' knowledge, know-how, and practices are mobilized by UNESCO to support their inclusion in environmental decision-making. Its World Network of Biosphere Reserves demonstrates how to protect natural ecosystems and biodiversity through science, education, and participatory approaches, all while promoting environmentally sustainable, socially and culturally appropriate economic development.

Environmental Science

Environmental science is an interdisciplinary academic field that studies environmental problems and human impacts on the environment by combining ecology, geology, meteorology, biology, chemistry, engineering, and physics. Environmental science is a quantitative discipline that includes both applied and theoretical aspects, and it has influenced government policies all over the world.

Environmental science is distinct from environmental studies, which focuses on the human-environment relationship as well as its social and political dimensions. An environmental scientist, for example, would seek to understand climate change by quantifying its effects with models and evaluating mitigation options, whereas an environmental studies researcher would focus on the economic as well as political dimensions of international climate-change protocols.

What is Environmental Pollution?

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Pollution is the introduction of any substance (solid, liquid, or gas) or form of energy (such as heat, sound, or radioactivity) into the environment at a rate faster than it can be dispersed, diluted, decomposed, recycled, or it can be stored in a harmless form.

Air pollution, water pollution, and land pollution are the three major types of pollution comprising environmental pollution. Specific types of pollutants, such as noise pollution, light pollution, and plastic pollution, are also a concern in modern society. Pollution of any kind can harm the environment and wildlife, and it also has a negative impact on human health and well-being.

How to Save the Environment?

Consider how you use water. For example, there is a lot of water in Canada, but also a lot of it is used, with the bathroom accounting for 65 percent of our total usage. Showers should be shorter. When brushing your teeth, don't leave the tap running. Purchase a water-saving showerhead. It's all beneficial.

Reduce the amount of paper you use - Did you know that paper consumes 40% of the world's commercially cut timber? This puts natural habitats in jeopardy and consumes a lot of water. We don't think twice about printing now that it's so cheap. Consider your bank statements, the paper towels you use to clean the counters, the junk mail you haven't opted out of, and the way you wrap your presents, lest you think you're paperless. There are many ways that each of us can contribute to reducing paper consumption.

Natural Environment

All living and nonliving things that occur naturally on Earth or in one of its regions are considered part of the natural environment. It's a setting that includes the interactions of all living things. The components that make up the concept of the natural environment are as follows: all vegetation, microorganisms, soil, rocks, atmosphere, and natural phenomena that occur within their boundaries are included in complete ecological units that function as natural systems without massive human intervention.

What is Environmental Sustainability?

The responsibility to conserve natural resources and protect global ecosystems in order to support health and wellbeing now and in the future is known as environmental sustainability. Because many decisions that affect the environment have a long-term impact, one of the most important aspects of environmental sustainability is its forward-thinking nature. In fact, the United States Environmental Protection Agency defines it as "meeting today's needs without jeopardising future generations' ability to meet their own."

Increased farming has resulted from exponential population growth, resulting in increased greenhouse gas emissions and deforestation. We now require more power than ever before as a result of industrial and technological advancements. Nonetheless, our planet is on the verge of collapsing. The effects of global warming on ecosystems and communities are beginning to be seen. To ensure a livable future, businesses must invest more than ever in environmentally sustainable and socially responsible practises, such as using clean energy and paying living wages.

What is Environmental Management?

The term "environmental management" refers to a system that includes processes for summarising, monitoring, reporting, developing, and implementing environmental policies. The goal of encouraging an environmental management system is to ensure that future generations inherit a healthy planet. It also strives to protect all forms of life.

Environmental management is a corporate strategy that monitors, develops, and implements an organization's environmental policies in the business world. It is a systematic approach that is gaining traction as consumers seek eco-friendly and environmentally conscious products and services.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. Why is Environmental Management Important?

Answer. Environmental management serves a dual purpose for businesses: it protects the environment from the effects of manufacturing by-products while also protecting your company from non-compliance fines and penalties.

Q2. What is the Importance of Saving Our Environment?

Answer. The environment has a significant impact on human health and the continuation of life on the planet. Earth is home to a variety of living species, and we are all reliant on it for food, air, water, and other necessities. As a result, it is critical for each of us to save and protect our environment.