Let us discuss some details about natural selection and adaptation before discussing ‘what is the difference between natural selection and adaptation?’. Both natural selection and adaptations are part of the evolution of the species.
Natural selection is a process in which living organisms adapt and change. However, all individuals in the population are naturally variable. The change occurred by natural selection is a heritable trait of a population over generations. Natural selection is the key mechanism of evolution.
Natural selection is classified in different ways depending on the following factors.
Adaptation is an evolutionary process that helps the organisms to fit in their environment. It is generally a process not a Physical state of change. The adaptation was described in ancient times by Greek philosophers like Aristotle and Empedocles. Adaptation is a continuous process that does not have the final form.
Adaptation is majorly discussed in Philosophy of Biology, and it is related to Biological fitness. There are different types of adaptations that are discussed below. Take a look here:
Structural adaptations: It is a physical feature of the organism, eg: Fur on a Bear.
Behavioural adaptations: This is something which organism does to survive and reproduce.
Physiological adaptation: It is the way in which an organism responds to the stimuli in the environment.
Co-adaptation: This will occur in two or more interacting species for mutual benefit.
Mimicry: It is the superficial resemblance of other organisms which are not closely related. It helps to save the living organism from predators and survive.
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Above, Diagram is an example of adaptation. The plant is Ophrys apifera (Bee orchid) which uses Pheromones to attract male bees. It is designed in such a way that, in attempting to copulate with the flower, pollen adheres to the insect’s body.
What is the Difference Between Natural Selection and Adaptation?