Difference Between Environment and Ecosystem

Bookmark added to your notes.
View Notes
×

Environment and Ecosystem

We have often heard that saving the environment is important to save our planet. The environment sustains the life of living organisms. In a broader sense, the environment is the surrounding in which living organisms live, on the other hand, the ecosystem is an organized system of organisms in which living organisms interact with the environment. Environment refers to the area where organisms live but the ecosystem is the organized community of living beings where biotic and abiotic elements are in continuous interaction with each other.


The environment is everything around us, including living organisms and nonliving beings such as soil, air, water, etc. The environment helps nourish life on Earth. But, the ecosystem is a community of living beings and nonliving components interacting with each other.


Environment Vs Ecosystem

Environment

Ecosystem

It is the surrounding or area where organisms exist.

It is the community of organisms along with non-living components where the biotic and abiotic components are in continuous interaction with each other.

It is composed of physical components.

It is composed of biological or living components.

A living space for the elements is provided by the environment on our planet.

Interaction between the living and non-living elements is provided by the ecosystem.

It makes living possible on Earth, by providing necessary elements for survival.

The ecosystem provides the relation between components to live.

The environment is differentiated into macro and micro.

The ecosystem is either aquatic, terrestrial, or others.

When an organism moves from one place to another, the environment changes.

The ecosystem remains the same despite the movement of the organism.

The environment is an area in a given time.

Ecosystem comprises all the essential life processes such as photosynthesis carried out by living organisms.


What is Environment

The environment is everything that surrounds us, it is the area we live in, in a given point of time. It enables us to live on earth by sustaining life. It comprises all the physical, chemical, and natural forces that exist on our planet. The environment is derived from the word ‘environ’ which means surrounding in French. The biotic components of the environment are all organisms like birds, animals, human beings, reptiles, including the microorganisms like bacteria, algae, viruses, and so on. The abiotic components of the environment are soil, land, mountain, river, cloud, air, including physical components like temperature, humidity, and so on. The environment is very crucial for good health and sustenance of life on Earth.


However, over the past few years’ human activities, modernization, and industrialization have deteriorated the environmental conditions. Deforestation, air pollution, acid rain, soil erosion are the consequences of environmental imbalance that also affect the life of living organisms. It is very important to look after the environment and take measures to save it and keep it healthy.


What is an Ecosystem

The ecosystem is considered as the structural and functional unit of ecology. It is a community where the living and nonliving components of the environment are in continuous interaction. It can be termed as the chain of interactions taking place between living organisms and the environment. It can be small or huge. I can be an oasis in the desert or an ocean that covers thousands of miles. It is responsible for maintaining stability within the environment. An ecosystem is either aquatic, that which exists in the water or terrestrial, which means the land-based ecosystems. Different land-based ecosystems are forest, grassland, tundra, and desert. An aquatic ecosystem is either freshwater or marine. All biotic and abiotic components are interrelated in an ecosystem. It is always in the state of continuous evolution.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is Ecology? How is it Different from the Environment and Ecosystem?

Ans. Ecology is the branch of environmental science, that deals with the study of relationships between living organisms, including humans, and their physical environment. It aims at understanding the vital connections between plants and animals and the world around them. Precisely, environmental science is a broader field that includes the study of elements of Earth and life sciences and ecology is a study focused on how organisms interact with each other and their surroundings. It is however aimed at looking into a very specific population of living things at once. On the other hand, the ecosystem is the community of interrelated organisms in continuous interaction with each other and the environment.

2. What is the Difference Between the Environment and the Ecosystem?

Ans. The environment is everything around us, including living organisms and nonliving beings such as soil, air, water, etc. The environment helps nourish life on Earth. But, the ecosystem is a community of living beings and nonliving components interacting with each other.

3. What are the Components of the Environment?

Ans. Biotic and abiotic are the two components of the environment. The biotic components of the environment are all organisms like birds, animals, human beings, reptiles, including the microorganisms like bacteria, algae, viruses, and so on. The abiotic components of the environment are soil, land, mountain, river, cloud, air, including physical components like temperature, humidity, and so on.

4. What are the Types of Ecosystems?

Ans. An ecosystem is either aquatic, that which exists in the water or terrestrial, which means the land-based ecosystems. Different land-based ecosystems are forest, grassland, tundra, and desert. An aquatic ecosystem is either freshwater or marine.