It is a well-known fact that we, humans, and apes have originated from common ancestors, millions of years ago. As a result of evolution, several differences in our common ancestral behavioural aspects occurred. It was mostly influenced by nature, which ultimately led to the complete segregation of our common ancestors to specifically humans and apes. Apes are our closest living relatives since anatomically, we are almost similar. We belong to the category of more evolved apes along with chimpanzees, orang-utans, and gorillas. We are just modified ones. There is a separate category of lesser apes including gibbons and siamangs.
It does not mean that we have any similarity with monkeys, despite both being primates. The major difference between monkeys and apes (along with humans) is that monkeys have tails, but apes do not.
(Image to be added soon)
Difference Between Apes and Humans
There are various differences between apes and humans and some of these are very visible. The differences between apes and humans are tabulated as follows.
Humans and apes along with their differences, share some similarities too. The similarities are discussed below.
Similarities Between Apes and Humans
The similarities between apes and humans are as follows.
Apes have bones and muscles similar to humans. Their nervous system works in the same manner as it does in humans.
Humans and apes have the same number of fingers and toes.
The structure of the human female uterus is somewhat similar to a female ape.
Both humans and apes have an almost similar lifespan.
Opposable thumbs are something that humans and apes, both of them have in common.
Although not identical, apes have blood types similar to the human ABO blood group system.
Both female apes and female humans have regular menstrual cycles.
Therefore, these are some of the similarities between apes and humans.
Did You Know?
Chimpanzees share about 98.6% of our DNA. Genetically, they are closest to us than any other primates. You will be surprised to know that they too have emotions, intelligence, and sentiments like us. However, the expansion of the neocortex which happened during primate evolution, contributed a higher cognitive capacity to humans as compared to the other great apes, specifically the chimpanzees. However, assuming that humans did not evolve from chimpanzees would be incorrect. During evolution, while one of the ancestral lines evolved to become the modern chimpanzees, the other line evolved into the form of early humans and eventually, resulted in Homo sapiens, which is the present us. That is why we share somewhat similar physical features due to common ancestry.