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Biodiversity and Conservation MCQs

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An Introduction to Biodiversity and Conservation MCQs with Solutions

Biodiversity is composed of all living organisms, wherein each of them plays a significant role in their habitat. Also, all components of biodiversity are interdependent and must coordinate for sustainable living.

Notably, the chapter highlights the major concerns of biodiversity and emphasises the importance of conserving it. Now, there are a lot of concepts related to biodiversity and its conservation that you need to be familiar with.

While you need to go through these chapters for a detailed understanding, it is also imperative that you practice relevant questions. This can help you immensely in preparing for your exams since you will have a thorough understanding of question patterns and their relevant answering techniques. Furthermore, it also helps with self-assessment.

Take a cue from these MCQs on biodiversity and find out how well-equipped you are about the different topics!

Important Biodiversity Questions Multiple Choice 

These are some important MCQs based on biodiversity and its conservation.

1. Which of These Has the Most Genetic Diversity In India?

a. Teak 

b. Tea 

c. Mango

d. Potato

2. ___________ is now an Extinct Animal.

a. Quoll

b. Tasmanian devil

c. Tasmanian tiger

d. Pademelon 

3. Which of These Can Control Global Warming?

a. Burning of human-generated waste.

b. Reducing solid waste.

c. Limiting wastage of water.

d. Reducing consumption of fossil fuel.

4. When the last individual in a particular species dies, it is known as __________.

a. Speciation

b. Extinction

c. Phylogenetic diversity

d. Adaptation

5. Which of these is a suitable example of ex-situ conservation?

a. National park

b. Wildlife sanctuary

c. Sacred groves

d. Seed bank

6. Which is a common Non-Renewable Source 

a. Silica 

b. Uranium

c. Hot spring

d. Crude oil

7. ___________ is the Least Porous Soil. 

a. Loam 

b. Peat soil

c. Clayey soil

d. None of these

8. Nandan-Kanan Zoo is Popular for Its____________.

a. Nilgiri Tahr

b. Whale

c. White tiger

d. Hippo

9. Where can one find the greatest Biodiversity on Earth?

a. Nile delta, Egypt

b. African grasslands

c. Amazonian rain forest, South America

d. Western Ghat, India

10. Which of these is the most effective means of Conserving Biodiversity?

a. Preserve habitats.

b. Get rid of predators.

c. Census species during the breeding season.

d. Vaccinate species against diseases.

11. Lime is added to ________ soil.

a. Acidic

b. Dry

c. Salty

d. Alkaline

12. An ecological state wherein a species is introduced to a location where they are unique.

a. Ecosystem

b. Exotic species 

c. Endemic species

d. None of these

13. __________ is the hotspot of Biodiversity in India.

a. Gangetic plain

b. Sunderbans

c. Eastern ghats 

d. Western ghats

14. Which of these is an exhaustible natural resource?

a. Wildlife

b. Minerals

c. Soil fertility

d. Aquatic animals

15. Sacred Groups are useful in _________________.

a. Preventing soil erosion.

b. Conserving endangered and rare species.

c. Spreading environmental awareness.

d. Ensuring the sustainable flow of water in rivers.

16. How Much Forest Cover Is To Be Maintained As Per The National Forest Policy of 1988?

a. 11% for plains and 37% for hills.

b. 33% for plains and 67% for hills.

c. 23% for plains and 17% for hills.

d. None of these.

17. Which of the following national parks of India is listed in the Natural World Heritage sites of UNESCO?

a. Namdapha National Park

b. Dachigam National Park

c. Keoladeo Ghana National Park

d. Bandipur National Park

18. Threatened animals and plants are placed in a separate care unit for protection. It is called _____

a. Ex-situ conservation

b. In situ conservation

c. Wildlife sanctuary

d. National park

19. Chipko Movement was strengthened under the leadership of

a. Amrita Devi Bishnoi

b. Medha Patkar

c. A. K. Banerjee

d. Sunder Lal Bahuguna

20. Take a look at the following statements about Gaur (Indian Bison)-

1. It is categorized as endangered in the IUCN Red List.

2. It is a South and Southeast Asian native.

3. Gorumara National Park is well-known for its Gaur Population.

Select the correct statements:

a. 1 and 2

b. 2 and 3

c. 1 and 3

d. All of the above

21. A category of threatened species include:

a. Only vulnerable species.

b. Only endangered species

c. Endangered and rare species

d. Endangered, vulnerable and rare species

22. Here are the following protected areas:

1. Bandipur

2. Bhitarkanika

3. Manas

4. Sunderbans

Which of them are declared Tiger Reserves?

a. 1 and 2 only

b. 1, 3 and 4 only

c. 2, 3 and 4 only

d. 1, 2, 3 and 4

Solutions for MCQs on Biodiversity

















17. c


19. d




Ace the biodiversity quiz with ease by getting all your lingering doubts cleared effectively. Also, if you are looking for a more detailed question bank, enrol into our free live online classes and avail detailed study notes along with the answers to MCQs on biodiversity. 

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FAQs on Biodiversity and Conservation MCQs

What is Biodiversity? How Many Types of Biodiversity Are There?

Biodiversity refers to all living organisms that exist on earth and cooperate for sustainable living. Irrespective of size and species, biodiversity includes plants, animals, microorganisms, etc.

What Is Extinction?

It is the elimination of a specific kind of organism or group of organisms. A particular species is believed to go extinct the moment its last individual dies. Typically, overhunting, captivity or drastic climate change is among the major reasons for the extinction of animals.

Why Is Conservation Important?

All living organisms are interdependent and must coordinate with one another to sustain biodiversity. Through conservation, we can preserve wildlife, protect endangered species, conserve water and protect soil from erosion.

Why should we conserve biodiversity?

An area with a higher species abundance is considered to have a more stable environment than one with a lower species abundance. We might also claim that biodiversity is necessary when we consider our level of dependence on the environment. For our diverse needs, we rely directly on various plant species. Similarly, we depend on numerous animal and microbe species for various reasons.

Biodiversity is being lost because of habitat loss, resource overexploitation, climatic changes, pollution, invasive exotic species, illnesses, and hunting, among other factors. It is critical to protect biodiversity since it provides us with several economic and ethical benefits as well as aesthetic value.

Describe a few ways in which biodiversity benefits humans.

We get benefited economically from a wide range of entities, including:

  • Food, fibre, and wood for the fireplace
  • Construction materials, industrial items
  • Plant-based medicinal products
  • Natural pollinators, pure oxygen, flood and soil erosion control
  • Microbes recycle wastes
  • Nutrient replenishment

What factors determine whether a species is threatened?

To classify a species as threatened, the following criteria must be met:

  • The number of species is declining at an alarming rate.
  • Poachers' actions are becoming more active.
  • Destruction and modification of their natural habitat

What is the difference between endemic and exotic species?

Exotic species are introduced into one geographical area from another, whereas endemic species are native species that are only found in a particular geographical area.

What can be the consequences of the loss of biodiversity?

Consequences of loss of biodiversity are:

  • It would assess the evolutionary capability of biota to adapt to environmental changes.
  • Species would become extinct as a result.
  • Because man is dependent on food and other requirements, its loss will be devastating to mankind. 

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