Adaptation and Habitats


The biological process in which a species tries to fit itself in the given environment and continue for further generations is termed as Adaptation. The mode of adaptation occurs in various forms such as structure, physiology, and genetics, locomotion, defense and attack, reproduction, and development. The term adaptation refers to the link between design and function of the organism in the environment.

An example of adaptation is: A Melanistic or dark phenotype of Peppered moth (Biston betularia), has increased in its numbers in Britain. This helped the moths to be escaped from predation by birds. The gene frequency is the initial stage of adaptation.


In relation to ecology, habitat refers to a natural environment in which a species of organism lives. A habitat. A habitat is created where there is availability of food, shelter, protection, and mates for reproduction. Habitat mainly depends on both physical and biological features. The physical factors include soil, moisture, range of temperature, and light intensity. Biological factors include availability of food and presence or absence of predators.

Adaptation in Plants and Animals

Animal Adaptation

The animal adapts itself to live according to the specific place and specific way. The adaptation happens according to the animal’s physical structure like size and shape of body. The  adaptation also occurs according to the way the animal behaves.

There are certain challenges which are faced by animals while adapting themselves in the new environment. Few animals which do not adapt eventually die and rest start mating and produce babies which results in the increase of their species.

Important things required for an animal to adapt in an environment are the place, climatic conditions as these things influence the creatures living in the place. The availability of food also plays an important role in the adaptation. This is known as ‘Survival of the Fittest’ as every animal needs to adapt accordingly and develop defense mechanisms to protect themselves from predators.

Plant Adaptation

Adaptation of plants to survive in different areas is extremely important. Once the plants get adapted to an environment and they tend to grow in that place and not move. The scarcity of water is the main factor in desert areas and plants tend to adapt to this environmental condition.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Why is animal adaptation important?

The process where the animal’s body accommodates itself to survive, or live, in its environment. This also depends on their physical features to help them obtain food, keep safe, build homes, withstand weather, and attract mates.

2. What are the five features of habitat ?

The essential elements which must be present to provide a viable habitat are : Food, Water, Space, Cover and Arrangement.