Many organisms of the animal kingdom have evolved to exhibit some form of camouflage. They use camouflage to mask or to cover their location, identity, and movement. It is an adaptation mechanism that allows tuning in with certain aspects of their surrounding environment. Camouflage increases chances of survival of an organism in a particular habitat. They hide from their predator. This mechanism increases the chances of being able to successfully reproduce and carry on the generation. However, sometimes predators also use camouflage as a tool for hunting. By using camouflage, predators are being able to mix with their background and in this way; camouflage provides them an element of surprise as well as increase their chance of successfully obtaining food. In this way, it is also useful for predators in reproduction and for the growth of the next generation.
Camouflage shown by organisms depends on several factors. Generally, their physical and behavioral characteristics are very important. The camouflage tactic shown by animals having fur is a way different than that shown by animals having feathers or scales. This is important because feathers and scales can be shed and changed quickly and regularly, while on the other hand, fur can take weeks or even months to grow in. Generally, it is seen that the animals with fur are more often camouflaged by season. An example of this is the arctic fox in which arctic fox has a white coat in the winter season while it has a brown coat in summer.
Different environmental and behavioral factors cause species to have a wide variety of camouflage tactics. Mimicry is one of the important techniques. Background matching and disruptive coloration are part of mimicry technique of camouflage. Mimicry can be defined as one organism looks or acts like an object or another organism.