Scientific Name of Vitamins

Scientific Name of Vitamins and their Sources

Many plants and animals both have common names and scientific names too. Similarly, all the known vitamins have their own scientific names. The appellation depends on the composition, physical and chemical properties and also their biochemical functions. 

What are Vitamins?

The organic compounds which help in performing biological functions in living organisms are called the Vitamins. These are vital nutrients which should be added to our daily diet in a required amount. 

These are referred to as organic compounds because our body cannot synthesize them and are required in very small amounts, as their degradation is very slow; hence, they are also known as the Micronutrients. Vitamins perform vital functions and play an essential role in our body for functions like metabolism, immunity, and digestion.

Vitamin is a Greek word – “vita”- life and “amine”- which refers to the compound found in thiamine, which was isolated from husks of rice.  

Scientific Name of Vitamins and their Sources

The different types of Vitamins, sources of vitamins and their Scientific names of vitamins are as follows - 

  1. Common Name - Vitamin A (Fat-soluble), Scientific Name - Retinol, Food sources - Green leafy vegetables, nuts, tomatoes, oranges, ripe yellow fruits, guava, milk, liver, carrots, broccoli and watermelon. 

  2. Common Name - Vitamin B-1 (Water Soluble), Scientific Name - Thiamin, Food Sources - Fresh fruits, corn, cashew nuts, potatoes, sweet potatoes, peas, wheat, milk, dates, black beans, etc.

  3. Common Name - Vitamin B2 (Water soluble), Scientific Name - Riboflavin, Food sources - Bananas, grapes, mangoes, peas, pumpkin, dates, yoghurt, milk, mushrooms, popcorn, beef liver etc.

  4. Common Name - Vitamin B3 (Water-soluble), Scientific Name - Niacin, Food sources - Meat, eggs, fish, milk products, guava, mushroom, peanuts, cereals, green peas, etc.

  5. Common Name - Vitamin B5 (Water-soluble), Scientific Name - Pantothenic Acid, Food sources - Meat, kidney, egg yolk, broccoli, peanuts, fish, chicken, milk, yoghurt, legumes, mushrooms, avocado, etc.

  6. Common Name - Vitamin B6 (Water-soluble), Scientific Name - Pyridoxine, Food sources - Pork, chicken, fish, bread, wholegrain cereals, eggs, vegetables, soya beans, etc.

  7. Common Name - Vitamin B7 (Water-soluble), Scientific Name - Biotin, Food sources - Walnuts, peanuts, cereals, milk, egg yolks, salmon, pork, mushroom, cauliflower, avocados, bananas, raspberries, etc.

  8. Common Name - Vitamin B9 (Water-soluble), Scientific Name - Folic Acid, Food sources - Citrus fruits, green leafy vegetables, whole grains, legumes, beets, etc.

  9. Common Name - Vitamin B12 (Water-soluble), Scientific Name - Cobalamin, Food sources - Fish, meat, poultry, eggs, milk, etc.

  10. Common Name - Vitamin C (Water-soluble), Scientific Name - Ascorbic acid, Food sources - Fresh citrus fruits such as orange and grapefruit, broccoli, goat milk, black currant, and chestnuts.

  11. Common Name - Vitamin D (Fat-soluble), Scientific Name - Calciferol, Food sources - Fish, beef, cod liver oil, egg yolk, liver, chicken breast, and cereals.

  12. Common Name - Vitamin E (Fat-soluble), Scientific Name - Tocopherol, Food sources - Potatoes, pumpkin, guava, mango, milk, nuts and seeds.

  13. Common Name - Vitamin K (Fat-soluble), Scientific Name - Phytonadione, Food sources - Tomatoes, broccoli, mangoes, grapes, chestnuts, cashew nuts, beef and lamb.

Classification Of Vitamins

Based on the physical and biological activity, Vitamins which are also known as organic compounds can be classified into the following - 

Water-soluble Vitamins:

  • Biotin.

  • Niacin.

  • Pyridine.

  • Thiamine.

  • Vitamin C.

  • Folic acid.

  • Riboflavin.

  • Vitamin B12.

  • Pantothenic acid.

Fat-soluble Vitamins:

  • Vitamin A.

  • Vitamin D.

  • Vitamin E.

  • Vitamin K.

What are the Benefits of Different Vitamins in Our Body?

We all know that vitamins are very important for the proper growth and development of human beings. Let’s know what are the benefits of vitamins in our body. 

  1. Vitamin A - It helps in protecting the eyes from night blindness and also supports bone health 

  2. Vitamin B1 - It helps prevent complications in the nervous system, brain, muscles, heart, stomach, and intestines

  3. Vitamin B2 - It helps break down proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. It plays a vital role in maintaining the body's energy supply

  4. Vitamin B3 - It helps lower cholesterol, ease arthritis and boost brain function, among other benefits

  5. Vitamin B5 - It helps produce energy by breaking down fats and carbohydrates. It also helps to maintain a healthy skin, hair, eyes, and liver.

  6. Vitamin B6 -  It helps to improve mood and reduce symptoms of Depression, promote brain health and reduce Alzheimer's risk as well as prevents and treats anemia by aiding hemoglobin production. 

  7. Vitamin B7 -  It helps to promote appropriate function of the nervous system and is essential for liver metabolism as well. Biotin is commonly advised as a remedy to strengthen hair and nails, as well as in skin care. 

  8. Vitamin B9 - Folic acid is used to treat folic acid deficiency and certain types of anemia (lack of red blood cells) caused by folic acid deficiency

  9. Vitamin B12 - It helps to reduce the risk of macular degeneration and and also helps to improve mood and symptoms of depression

  10. Vitamin C - Helps prevent iron deficiency and also boosts immunity

  11. Vitamin D - Regulation of calcium and maintenance of phosphorus levels in the blood. 

  12. Vitamin E - Helps in moisturizing skin and wound healing  

  13. Vitamin K -  Helps in the body's process of blood clotting, which helps the body heal wounds, bruises, and areas affected by surgery. 

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. What are Vitamins?

Ans - The organic compounds which help in performing biological functions in living organisms are called the Vitamins. These are vital nutrients which should be added to our daily diet in a required amount. 

Q2. What are the Functions of Vitamins in Our Body?

Ans - Vitamins help in Digestion, Metabolism and boosting Immunity. 

Q3. What are Water Soluble Vitamins? 

Ans - Some of the important water soluble vitamins are - 

  • Biotin.

  • Niacin.

  • Pyridine.

  • Thiamine.

  • Vitamin C.

  • Folic acid.

  • Riboflavin.

  • Vitamin B12.

  • Pantothenic acid.

Q4. What are Fat Soluble Vitamins? 

Ans - Some of the important fat soluble vitamins are - 

  • Vitamin A

  • Vitamin D

  • Vitamin E

  • Vitamin K

Q5. What are the Sources of Vitamin B9?

Ans - Some of the sources of Vitamin B9 are - Citrus fruits, green leafy vegetables, whole grains, legumes, beets, etc.

Q6. What are the Sources of Vitamin C?

Ans - Fresh citrus fruits such as orange and grapefruit, broccoli, goat milk, black currant, and chestnuts.

Q7. What is the Scientific Name of Vitamin B6?

Ans - The scientific name of Vitamin B6 as Pyridoxine

Q8. How do you Classify Vitamins?

Ans - Vitamins can be classified into two categories - 

  1. Water soluble vitamins

  2. Fat soluble vitamins