The Scientific Name of Hen

What is the Scientific Name of Hen?

The word ‘Hen’ is used to define the female chicken and also other female birds.  Chickens are widely spread domestic animals throughout the world with a total population of 19 billion in 2011. The life span of the chicken is five to ten years. And, the maximum speed of the chicken is 14 kilometres per hour. Today India is one of the largest producers of broiler meat in the world.

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Body Parts 

Body parts of hen can be discussed into two parts external and internal Parts.

  • External: The different parts of the hen are Hackel, Back, Tailfeather, Fluff, beak, Hock joint, Shank, Ear, Eye, Claw, and Toes.

  • Internal: The different internal parts of hen are Nostril, Larynx, Trachea, Oesophagus, Crop, Heart, Gallbladder, Spleen, Liver, Gizzard, Pancreas, Small intestine, Large intestine, Oviduct, Kidney, Ovary, Caeca, Lungs, and Brain.


Chicken belongs to the Phylum - Chordata, Kingdom - Chordata, Class - Aves, Family - Galliformes, Genus - Gallus, Species - Gallus. gallus this is the order of classification of female chicken.

Uses of Chicken by Human

  • Farming: Chickens are raised for meat and eggs, It is consumed as food. Which leads to poultry farming to meet the large requirements.

  • Reared for meat: Generally chicken lives five to six years but, Boilers (chicken farmed for the meat) takes 6 weeks to get slaughter size.

  • Reared for eggs: The female chickens mainly grown for eggs are known as layer hens.

  • As pets: Usually, People kept chicken for eggs but they were named and treated as any other pet animal. It became very popular in the 2000s.

  • Cockfight: This is a type of sport where two male chickens are left to fight. And this fight continues till one becomes injured or it dies.

  • Artificial incubation: the chickens can be incubated artificially in 21 days. With the help of machines that provide a correct and controlled temperature for developing chicks.

  • Disease and ailments: Chickens are generally harmed by several parasites and intestinal worms.

What is the Scientific Name of Hen?

The scientific names of the organisms are named mostly according to the Binomial nomenclature or Binary nomenclature. The scientific name of hen is ‘Gallus gallus domesticus’

Which is the trinomial name. The first word of the scientific name represents the genus while rest represents the specific name. The scientific names are named in Latin.

Did You Know? 

When the word ‘hen’ was first used? It was first used in the 14th century to refer ‘Female of any bird species. In older English, hen was written as ‘henn’.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the Female Chicken Called?

Answer. Female chicken more than a year of age is known as a hen. But, In the egg-laying industry, the hen starts to lay an egg in just 16-20 weeks of age.

2. Is hen a Chicken?

Answer. Yes, Hen is a chicken. As in humans, we use man and women is used to describe gender. Same way in chicken, Rooster refers to the male chicken and hen refers to the female chicken.

3. What Does Chicken Eat?

Answer. They are the kind of animals who have the ability to survive on both animal and plant matter known as omnivorous. They generally enjoy eating Vegetable, Fruits, Grains, Incests, and grubs which are rich in protein. Chickens eat only which fit in their beak and are found nearby their yard.

4. How Does Poultry Help in Agriculture?

Answer. Poultry generates manure which is of high fertilizer value. This manure can be used to increase the yield of all the crops, which helps to produce more crops naturally.