Scientific Name of Cobra

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Introduction

Different species are named on the basis of binomial nomenclature. The binomial nomenclature mainly consists of two names, and both these names are derived from Latin. However, in some cases, it can be derived from other languages too. This name is termed as a binomial name or a scientific name. Every first part of the name tells us about generic name or genus to which organism belongs whereas the second part tells us about species name i.e. the identification by which we can differentiate organism from others. For writing binomial nomenclature, there are certain rules which have to be followed. Like Genus should always begin with capital letters while species in small letters. 


Why Scientific Name is Considered Better than Common Name:

Criteria of writing or naming living beings on the basis of their scientific origin, which is composed of two parts, is known as binomial nomenclature. Let's consider one example: the scientific name of human beings is Homo sapiens. This method of writing living being based on its scientific origin has its own advantages. As with the help of scientific names of binomial names, one can easily identify scientists and other researchers to accurately identify individual species, along with that it also helps people throughout the world to communicate unambiguously about animal species. As these are unique names and cannot be changed with respect to area, location or region. 


Rules of Binomial Nomenclature:

To give unique identification, biologists across the world follow a unique set of principles for the naming of organisms. For this unique identification process, two codes were set up for naming organisms, they are:

  • International code of botanical nomenclature: It is mainly for naming plants and their species. 

  • International code of zoological nomenclature: it is mainly for nominal animals and their species. 

By using these codes we name organisms so that they can get unique identification. 

Binomial nomenclature follows certain conventions. As each scientific name has two parts:

  • Generic name

  • Specific epithet

About Cobra:

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This snake is considered as the most venomous snake on the earth and they have special features of uplifting their body from the ground and still have the ability to move on the ground. They are considered as the shy organism and avoid going there where humans live. Their length is about 18 feet and considered as one of the venomous snakes on the earth. They are mainly found in rain forests and plains of India, southern China, and Southeast Asia, and their colours also vary from area to area and their most comfortable place is thick bamboo. They are carnivores in nature and can eat lizards, eggs, and small mammals and they make nests to protect their eggs till hatching. 


The Scientific Name of Cobra:

The scientific name of cobra is Naja naja. 

Classification of Cobra snake:

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Reptilia

Order: Squamata

Suborder: Serpentes

Family: Elapidae

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Write a Few Characteristic Features of Cobra?

Ans. Some of the characteristic properties of cobra are listed below:

  • They are considered as one the most venomous snakes on the earth.

  • They are carnivores in nature.

  • Their length is about 8 feet.

  • Their venom is neurotoxic and can cause effects on nerves and muscle paralysis. 

2. What is the Lifespan of the Cobra?

Ans. The average lifespan of a cobra is about 18-20 years. They have their own nest for their eggs to protect them from predators.