The scientific name of human beings is Home Sapiens. Human beings can also be classified based on the following groups –
Kingdom - Animalia
Phylum - Chordata
Class - Mammalia
Order - Primates
Family - Hominidae
Genus - Homo
Species - Homo Sapiens Sapiens Linnaeus
Once you know the above nomenclatures, you can figure out what is the binomial name for humans by yourself. The biological name of humans was coined by Carolus Linnaeus, who is considered father of modern biological classification.
Human beings belong to the Hominidae family along with other great apes like Gorillas, Chimpanzees, Bonobos and orangutans. Further studies have shown that while humans are related to chimpanzees to a certain extent, they are distantly related to gorillas and orangutans.
This family also contains two subgroups – Ponginae containing orangutans and Homininae, which has humans and the other great apes. Most of the time, human beings and their ancestors are clustered within a separate group known as the hominins
Do it yourself: Now that you know what the scientific name of humans is, try to find out scientific names for other species.
Characteristics of Hominidae Family
Nonetheless, members of this family have some characteristics in common. This include –
They have opposable thumbs.
Their brain is larger compared to the other mammals which is a sign of intelligence
They also have a binocular vision which means their eyes are capable of focusing on one object.
Some members of this family are omnivores; they consume nuts, seeds, fruits, vegetables as well as the meat of other animals.
In the case of chimpanzees, it has evolved to walking on knuckles. They have longer arms than legs. Male chimpanzees and gorillas are usually leaders of their groups.
Most members of this family are also able to recognize themselves in a mirror when taught. This ability shows that they are aware of themselves to a certain extent. Besides bottlenose dolphins, they are the only family of animals that are known to have this ability.
The great apes, except for humans, also share similar anatomic traits. They have broad chests and rotational shoulder blades. Their wrists are also flexible because of the presence of a cartilage pad between ulna and carpal bones.
Members of this family do not have tails. It regresses into the vertebrae and becomes a part of their coccyx.
Anatomy of Human Beings
Even though human beings share some traits with the other great apes, as discussed above, the human body and brain have evolved further. Some of the unique characteristics of human beings are -
The power of speech because of descended larynx and hyoid bone below the tongue.
Humans can stand upright and walk on two legs. Human beings are the only mammals who possess this ability.
Human brains are fully and highly developed, which gives us the ability to speak, think and act reasonably.
Do it yourself: find out the meaning of the scientific name of the human body. Do you think the meaning is appropriate?
The Components of Human Body
Similar to all organisms, the human body is also made up of cells which is the primary living unit. Each of these cells can grow and respond to stimuli. These cells together make up the tissues in the human body. These include –
Epithelial Tissues – They cover the outer surface of organs and act as a lining to internal organs. One of the primary examples of such tissue is human skin.
Muscle Tissues – They are a part of the muscles in our body.
Connective Tissues – Bone and blood are considered connective tissues. They connect different structures of the body.
Nerve Tissues – These tissues are a part of the nervous system
The tissues group together to form the organs in our body, each of them performing a function. The body organs together form the organ system. The human body consists of the following organ system - respiratory system, digestive system, reproductive system, excretory system, nervous system, endocrine glands, cardiovascular system and musculoskeletal system.
The human body is composed of water and other essential components such as minerals, salts, organics compounds etc. The organic compounds include proteins, carbohydrates, lipid, nucleic acids. These compounds form the structural component and also perform other functions. For instance, carbohydrates mainly act as fuels.
The chief minerals found in the human body are calcium, phosphorus, sodium, iron and magnesium. They help the body to carry out crucial metabolic processes.
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1. What is the Scientific Name of a Human Being?
Ans. The scientific name of humans is Homo Sapiens. Humans belong to the Mammalia and order Primates.
2. Homo Sapiens Belongs to which Family?
Ans. Homo sapiens, which is the scientific name of Man, belongs to the Hominidae.
3. What is the Scientific Name of the Human and who Coined it?
Ans. The scientific name of humans is homo Sapiens. Carolus Linnaeus coined the term.