Mons Pubis Definition

The mons pubis is a fatty tissue pad that wraps around the pubic bone. It's also known as the mons in males and the mons veneris in females. The mons pubis is present in both sexes, but it is more prominent in females.

The expression mons pubis comes from the Latin word mons pubis, which means "pubic mound." The female mons Venus or mons veneris is derived from the Latin word mons Venus, which means "mound of Venus."


Mons Pubis Structure and Function

Mons Pubis Structure: The mons pubis is made up of fatty tissue. It’s shaped like an upside-down triangle, extending from the top of the pubic hairline to the genitals. In the case of females, it extends from the top of the pubic hairline to the clitoris.

During puberty, the mons pubis becomes covered in pubic hair. It also contains glands that begin secreting pheromones. These are substances involved in sexual attraction.


Mons Pubis Location

The pubic symphysis joint and the pubic bone are covered by the mons pubis. One of the three sections of the hip bone is the pubic bone. It's also the part of the hip bone that faces forward. The pubic symphysis is the point at which the pubic bones of the left and right hips meet.


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Mons Pubis Anatomy Diagram

The mons pubis is the anterior part of the vulva in females. On either side of the pudendal cleft, which covers the labia minora, clitoris, urethra, vaginal opening, and other structures of the vulval vestibule, it divides into the labia majora (literally "larger lips").

The mons pubis is present in both men and women, although it is greater in women. Its fatty tissue is estrogen-sensitive, resulting in the formation of a distinct mound with the initiation of female puberty. The forward part of the labia majora is pushed out and away from the pubic bone as a result of this. The mound becomes coated with pubic hair as well.


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What Causes Pain in Mons Pubis?

1. Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction: When the symphysis joint of the pelvis becomes too loose, it causes discomfort in the pelvic girdle, which is known as Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction (SPD). It usually occurs during pregnancy. Pain is the most common symptom of SPD. It can feel like it's firing, burning, or grinding. This pain may be felt in the following ways:

  • On either or both sides of the lower back

  • Radiating through the thighs

  • Over the pubic bone

  • Between the vagina and anus

SPD will make it difficult to:

  • walk around 

  • pick up things

  • separate the legs

While SPD is more common during pregnancy, there isn't always a clear cause. It may be linked to pelvic girdle instability in these situations.

The following factors can also make you more susceptible to SPD:

  • a history of pelvic pain.

  • prior pelvic damage or injury.

  • having had SPD during a previous pregnancy.

  • working in a position that requires a lot of physical exertion.


2. Osteitis Pubis: The symphysis joint of the pelvis, which lies under the mons pubis, is inflamed in osteitis pubis. It is more common in athletes, but it can also happen to non-athletes. Pain in the pubic or groyne region is the most common symptom of osteitis pubis. It also spreads to the thighs. This discomfort can appear gradually or unexpectedly.

The following are some of the causes of osteitis pubis:

  • Injury to the pubic region.

  • Pregnancy or childbirth.

  • A gynaecological or urological operation.

  • Stress to the pubic area.


What Causes Bumps on Mons Pubis?

1. Boils

A boil is a painful, pus-filled lump that develops under the surface of the skin. Bacteria enter the skin through an open wound or cut, causing them. Boils can appear anywhere, but they're more common in hairy places like the mons pubis.

Under the skin, boils appear as deep, red bumps. As they fill with pus, they can grow in size over the course of a few days. They'll eventually grow a white or yellow tip, close to a pimple. This will finally crack, allowing the pus from the boil to drain.

Though small boils usually go away on their own, larger boils can need to be drained.


2. Cyst

The term "cyst" refers to a sac-like region inside a tissue. Cysts are usually noncancerous and may contain a number of substances, such as blood, tissue, or bone. They can appear in or on any part of the body.

Cysts can develop for a number of reasons, including:

(i) Infections

(ii) Injury

(iii) Clogged gland

The signs of a cyst differ depending on the form and position of the cyst. The majority of them appear as a slow-growing bump. They can become tender or painful over time.

Smaller cysts, like boils, may go away on their own. Larger ones need to be surgically removed or drained.


3. Ingrown Hair

A hair that grows back into the skin after being shaved or tweezed is known as an ingrown hair. Ingrown hairs are more common in people who shave their pubic hair.

An ingrown hair can cause the following symptoms:

  • Small, solid or pus-filled bumps

  • Pain

  • Itching

  • Skin darkening of the affected area

To treat ingrown hairs, avoid shaving or tweezing the affected region. The hair would eventually work its way out of the skin. Tweezers or a sterile needle may be used to tease out the hair in some situations. Your doctor can prescribe an exfoliating or anti-inflammatory ointment in more serious cases.


4. Folliculitis

Folliculitis is a condition in which the hair follicles become inflamed. The most common cause is a bacterial or fungal infection. The mons pubis is more susceptible to folliculitis because it is coated in pubic hair.

Small red bumps or pimples that occur in clusters, tender or painful skin, a swollen, bigger lump under the skin, a burning feeling on the skin and itchiness are all common folliculitis symptoms.
The following are some common habits that can put you at risk for folliculitis:

  • Clothing that is too tight and traps sweat or heat

  • Using a hot tub that isn't well-maintained

  • Waxing or shaving as they damage hair follicles.

After a few days, most cases of folliculitis will go away on their own. Warm compresses, calming lotions, and ointments will all help to relieve skin irritation.

A doctor's visit may be required if the folliculitis is widespread or lasts more than a few days. To help clear up any underlying infection, they may prescribe an antibiotic or antifungal cream.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What Causes Large Mons Pubis?

Ans. Excess Fat: An enlarged mons pubis region may be caused by a variety of causes, including weight gain, hormonal factors, and even genetics. 

Weight loss (either severe or moderate) can also play a role. Skin that has lost its elasticity and sags as a result of fat loss may also result in a large mons.

2. What is the Purpose of Mons Pubis?

Ans. The mons pubis is a fat-filled tissue mound that sits immediately in front of the pubic bones. Females have a prominent mound of tissue that is normally covered in pubic hair. During sexual intercourse, the mons pubis serves as a source of cushioning.