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What is Labia?

Above the vaginal opening, the labia are two skin folds that connect. Labia minora refers to the inner fold (vaginal inner lip) and labia majora to the outer fold (vaginal outer lip).

The labia defend the urinary, vaginal, and clitoris openings from external harm by covering and protecting them.

What are the Vagina Parts and the Female Reproductive System? 

It’s a term that’s commonly used to refer to your ever-elusive lady parts as a whole, yet it’s a misnomer: The vulva—your exterior genitalia—is what many women refer to when they say “vagina.” Your vagina is technically inside your body, so an ob-gyn must use a speculum to inspect it.

  • Vulva: The external elements of a woman’s reproductive system The mons, clitoris, labia, hymen, and the aperture of the urethra are all included.

  • Mons: Over the pubic bone, a fatty pad of skin. 

  • Clitoris: Thousands of nerve endings are found in a little, spherical knob of tissue on the upper region of the vulva.

  • Labia: The skin folds on either side of the vagina

  • Hymen: A small fold of skin that partially conceals the vaginal entrance. 

  • Vagina: The uterus and cervix’s internal pathways. It serves as the birth canal during childbirth and accepts the penis during sex. It’s the place where the newborns emerge.

  • Cervix: The organ that protects the opening between the vaginal and uterine canals.

  • The Uterus (womb): It Is the hollow organ in which a baby grows and develops.

  • Endometrium: The uterine lining is the lining of the uterus.

  • Ovaries: These paired organs develop eggs, which are then discharged. Female hormones are produced as well.

  • Fallopian Tubes: Eggs are transported from the ovaries to the uterus via paired pathways.

What is Labia Majora and Minora?

The external genital organs are encased and protected by the labia majora (large lips), which are fleshy folds of tissue. They’re identical to the scrotum in males. The sebaceous glands produce sweat and lubricating fluids. During adolescence, hair grows on the majora.

The minora (little lips) can be quite small or as wide as 2 inches. The openings to the vagina and urethra are surrounded by the minora, which are immediately inside the majora. The minora is pink due to a dense supply of blood veins. The minora swells and becomes more responsive to stimulation as these blood vessels get engorged with blood during sexual stimulation.

Labia Minora Function and Structure.

The minora are a pair of thin cutaneous folds on the vulva or external female genitalia. The clitoris, urinary orifice, and vaginal orifice are all protected by these tissues.

The minora is found in the vulva inferior to the mons pubis and medial to the majora within the pudendal cleft. They can stretch from the pudendal cleft’s floor to the top of the majora or even farther, depending on the individual. The length, width, form, and colour of the minora vary a lot from person to person.

Hairless skin covers the minora, which has very little adipose tissue. They meet at the clitoral hood, or prepuce, at their anterior end, where they enclose the clitoris’ lateral sides. The minora extends inferiorly from the clitoral hood toward the anus, progressively shrinking in size before merging with the perineum skin. The urethral orifice and vaginal orifice are protected from the outside environment by the middle part of the minora.

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The minora are tissue organs that are made up of numerous layers. The non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium of the topmost layer is continuous with the surrounding skin. The minora are less sturdy and waterproof than the surrounding skin due to their lack of keratin, yet they are smoother and softer. Underneath the epithelium, a layer of fibrous connective tissue runs parallel to the dermis of the skin.

Connective tissue protein fibres such as collagen and elastin give the minora strength and suppleness, while vascular and nerve tissues support the cells of the outer epithelial layer. The pinkish tint of the minora comes from blood passing via many small capillaries in the connective tissue layer. Many sebaceous glands are also found in the connective tissue, and ducts connect them to the surface of the minora. The sebaceous glands secrete sebum, or oil, which coats the surface of the minora to lubricate and protect the underlying tissues.

Labia Minora Location

Inside your outer lips are your minora (inner lips). They start at the clitoris and stop just below the vaginal aperture. Short or long, wrinkled or smooth, the labia can be found in a variety of shapes and sizes.

What Causes Labia Minora to Grow?

Your labia could have been that way from birth due to genetics. During puberty, various changes occur, including the expansion of the minora, as oestrogen and other female hormones increase. Greater blood flow to the vaginal area during pregnancy might cause increased pressure and a heavy feeling

Labia Majora and Labia Minora Major Difference. 

There are two sets of skin folds surrounding the vaginal opening. The minora, or inner set, are hairless and tiny. The majora, or outer set, is larger and has hair on the outside. Lips are referred to as labia in Latin.

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FAQs on Labia

1. Should I wash between my labia?

Even with water, you should never wash or douche the inside of your vagina. The vaginal canal is a self-cleaning organ. The vaginal secretions do a good job of cleaning themselves. The vaginal flora has its own delicate bacterial balance that contributes to infection prevention.

2. Do your labia appear to be normal?

There is no such thing as a vulva with a “normal” appearance. Vaginas and vulvas are like faces in that they all have the same parts, yet each one has a different appearance. Labia (the inner and outer lips) are available in a variety of sizes and shapes. Dangly labia, puffy labia, and barely-there labia are all possible.

3. When a girl reaches puberty, how does the vulva change?

In reaction to an increase in oestrogen and other hormones, the vulva changes during puberty. The minor labia widens and grows. Hair starts to appear on the pubic area. Over time, pubic hair grows thicker and curlier, increasing in quantity. In addition, the colour of the vulva may vary. The colour might vary from bright pink to dark brown-red or black in adults. Varied nationalities have different colour preferences.

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