What is Human Pulse?

In physiology, the students have to learn different functional systems of the human body. There are so many systems always functioning in the body. Among them, the cardiovascular system is a vital system of the human body. Through this process,  blood is conveyed through vessels to and from different parts of the body. With blood, oxygen and essential nutrients also flow. It is mainly the process of removing carbon dioxide and carrying oxygen all over the body. The Human Cardiovascular System is also known as the human pulse. The central organ which is responsible for this system is the heart. In this article, we are going to discuss pulse detail.


Pulses in Body

Pulse is the representation of the human cardiovascular system. It is measured to check the state of the human cardiac cycle. When the heart pumps blood, the blood's impact on the elastic wall creates a pressure wave. This pressure wave is measured as the pulse in the human body. The pulse can be measured at some points of the human body.


Pulse Points in the Human Body 

As the pulse represents the human cardiovascular system, it can not be measured at any point in the human body. There are some specific points where the pulse can be felt and measured. Those points are called Pulse points of the human body. There are seven Pulse points on the human body, where the pulse can be felt. The pulse points of the human body are -

  • Radial artery (wrist)

  • Carotid artery (neck)

  • Brachial artery (medial border of the humerus)

  • Femoral artery (at the groin)

  • Popliteal artery (behind the knee)

  • Dorsalis pedis and posterior tibial arteries (foot)

  • Abdominal aorta (abdomen)


By different touching processes, the pulse can be felt and measured at these points mentioned above.


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Arterial Pulse

The pulse can be measured at the pulse points of the human body. Arterial points are some of them. The pulse points, where the artery's expansion measures the pulse, are called arterial Pulse. The artery is expanded by sudden ejection of the blood, transmitted throughout the arterial system. At the time of arterial expansion, the pulse can be felt.


Temporal Pulse

Temporal pulse is taken at a specific part of the human body. The temporal pulse can be measured at the point of the temporal artery. The temporal artery is in front of the ear. When the temporal artery is compressed against the temporal bone, the temporal pulse is taken. The temporal pulse can be felt by slightly placing and pressing the fingers on the head's side.


Feeling Pulse in Head 

Usually, the pulse can be felt in the head. The cause of the head's pulse is the compression of the temporal artery against the temporal bone. If you feel pain in your temples, it is nothing to worry about. The reason for pain in the temples is the temporal pulse.


Pulse in Neck

Pulse can also be felt in the neck. The cause of the pulse in the neck is the carotid artery. When the carotid artery takes oxygen from the heart to the brain, the pulse can be felt. The pulse in the neck is called the carotid pulse. By putting the fingertip on any side of the neck, the pulse can be felt.


Types of Pulse

The types of Pulse are different based on their pulse points. There are seven types of pulse.

  • Temporal: It is felt in the head

  • Carotid: It is felt in the neck

  • Branchial: It is felt in the elbow

  • Femoral: It is felt at the groin

  • Radial: It is felt on the wrist

  • Popliteal: It is felt on the knee

  • Dorsalis pedis: It is felt on the foot


The Pulse Rate of the Human Body

Pulse rate indicates the state of the human cardiovascular system. By checking heartbeats per one minute, the pulse rate is calculated. Usually, children have an average pulse rate of 70- 100 beats per minute. Adults have an average pulse rate of 60- 100 beats per minute.


Tachycardia

A heart rate of more than 100 beats per minute is known as tachycardia. Tachycardia can be caused by a variety of abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias). A rapid heart rate isn't necessarily a cause for alarm. The heart rate, for example, often elevates during exercise or as a result of stress. There may be no symptoms or problems associated with tachycardia. Some types of tachycardia, if left untreated, can lead to major health concerns such as heart failure, stroke, or sudden cardiac death. Chest pain, fainting (syncope), lightheadedness, shortness of breath are common indications of the condition.


Types of Tachycardia

There are the following types of tachycardia which are mentioned below. 

  • Atrial fibrillation is the most prevalent form of tachycardia. Chaotic, irregular electrical impulses in the upper chambers of the heart (atria) generate a rapid heartbeat. 

  • Atrial flutter is similar to atrial fibrillation, it is caused due to the irregular electrical impulses in the atrial region.

  • Ventricular tachycardia, in this condition the ventricles are unable to expand and contract in order to pump enough blood to the body.

  • Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is characterized by short bursts of hammering heartbeat (palpitations). It is characterized by arrhythmias that start above the ventricles.

  • Ventricular fibrillation results in ventricles quivering instead of contracting in a coordinated manner due to rapid, chaotic electrical impulses. This critical condition can lead to death.


Bradycardia

Bradycardia is the term used to define a slower than usual heart rate. Adults' hearts beat between 60 and 100 times per minute while they are at rest. Bradycardia may sometimes lead to a dangerous condition in which the heart beats too slowly and cannot pump enough oxygen-rich blood to the body. Under such circumstances, patients may feel dizzy, weary, or weak, as well as breathless. Bradycardia can occur without causing any symptoms or problems. If bradycardia is severe, a pacemaker inserted in the heart may be required to keep the heart beating at a normal rhythm.


Types of Bradycardia

There are two main types of bradycardia, which are briefly explained below.

  • Sinus Syndrome- When the sinus node (the heart's own pacemaker) malfunctions and does not reliably initiate heartbeats, sick sinus syndrome develops. This is especially frequent in the elderly, although it can happen at any age.

  • Heart Block- A total or partial stoppage of electrical impulses on their path to the ventricles causes heart block, which causes a sluggish and irregular heartbeat. Cardiac block can occur at birth, as a result of various forms of heart illness (such as a heart attack), or as a result of age-related wear and tear on the electrical circuitry of the heart.


To conclude the article we can say we have learned about different types of pulses in the human body. 

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FAQs on Human Pulse

1. What is the Pulse?

Pulse is the representation of the Human Cardiovascular System. When the heart pumps blood to transmit oxygen in the entire body and removes carbon dioxide from the body, the pulse can be felt.

2. How to check the pulse in the human body?

Pulse rate is measured by counting the heartbeats in one minute. There are different pulse points in the human body where pulse rate can be measured. The pulse can be felt and measured by putting the fingertip and pressing the vein on the pulse points. After checking the pulse rate, it is compared with the average pulse rate to know the condition. 

3. How many pulse points are there in the human body?

Pulse can be felt and measured at different points of the human body. At any point in the human body, the pulse rate cannot be measured. There are some specific points where the pulse can be felt, which are called pulse points. There are a total of seven pulse points in the human body. The pulse points are the neck (carotid artery), the wrist (radial artery), behind the knee (popliteal artery), the groin (femoral artery), inside the elbow (brachial artery), the foot (dorsalis pedis and posterior tibial artery), the abdomen (abdominal aorta). At these points, the pulse can be felt, and the pulse rate can be measured correctly.


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