In physiology, the students have to learn different functional systems of the human body. There are so many systems always functioning in the body. Among them, the cardiovascular system is a vital system of the human body. Through this process, blood is conveyed through vessels to and from different parts of the body. With blood, oxygen and essential nutrients also flow. It is mainly the process of removing carbon dioxide and carrying oxygen all over the body. Human Cardiovascular System is also known as the human pulse. The central organ which is responsible for this system is the heart. In this article, we are going to discuss pulse detail.
Pulses in Body
Pulse is the representation of the human cardiovascular system. It is measured to check the state of the human cardiac cycle. When the heart pumps blood, the blood's impact on the elastic wall creates a pressure wave. This pressure wave is measured as the pulse in the human body. The pulse can be measured at some points of the human body.
As pulse represents the human cardiovascular system, it can not be measured at any point of the human body. There are some specific points where the pulse can be felt and measured. Those points are called Pulse points of the human body. There are seven Pulse points on the human body, where the pulse can be felt. The pulse points of the human body are -
Radial artery (wrist)
Carotid artery (neck)
Brachial artery (medial border of the humerus)
Femoral artery (at the groin)
Popliteal artery (behind the knee)
Dorsalis pedis and posterior tibial arteries (foot)
Abdominal aorta (abdomen)
By different touching processes, the pulse can be felt and measured at these points mentioned above.
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The pulse can be measured at the pulse points of the human body. Arterial points are some of them. The pulse points, where the artery's expansion measures the pulse, are called arterial Pulse. The artery is expanded by sudden ejection of the blood, transmitted throughout the arterial system. At the time of arterial expansion, the pulse can be felt.
Temporal pulse is taken at a specific part of the human body. The temporal pulse can be measured at the point of the temporal artery. The temporal artery is in front of the ear. When the temporal artery is compressed against the temporal bone, the temporal pulse is taken. The temporal pulse can be felt by slightly placing and pressing the fingers on the head's side.
Feeling Pulse in Head
Usually, the pulse can be felt in the head. The cause of the head's pulse is the compression of the temporal artery against the temporal bone. If you feel pain in your temples, it is nothing to worry about. The reason for pain in the temples is the temporal pulse.
Pulse in Neck
Pulse can also be felt in the neck. The cause of the pulse in the neck is the carotid artery. When the carotid artery takes oxygen from the heart to the brain, the pulse can be felt. The pulse in the neck is called the carotid pulse. By putting the fingertip on any side of the neck, the pulse can be felt.
Types of Pulse
The types of Pulse are different based on their pulse points. There are seven types of pulse.
Temporal: It is felt in the head
Carotid: It is felt in the neck
Branchial: It is felt in the elbow
Femoral: It is felt at the groin
Radial: It is felt on the wrist
Popliteal: It is felt on the knee
Dorsalis pedis: It is felt on the foot
Pulse Rate of Human Body
Pulse rate indicates the state of the human cardiovascular system. By checking heartbeats per one minute, the pulse rate is calculated. Usually, children have an average pulse rate of 70- 100 beats per minute. Adults have an average pulse rate of 60- 100 beats per minute.
1. What is the Pulse?
Solution: Pulse is the representation of the Human Cardiovascular System. When the heart pumps blood to transmit oxygen in the entire body and removes carbon dioxide from the body, the pulse can be felt.
2. What are the Pulse Points of the Human Body?
Solution: There are seven Pulse points in the human body- radial artery, carotid artery, brachial artery, femoral artery, popliteal artery, abdominal aorta, dorsalis pedis posterior tibial arteries.