A unique scientific name which is given to each organism studied under the domain of Botany, whether it be plants, algae, fungi, or extinct known as a botanical name. There are innumerable plant species on earth and we are surrounded by all such kinds of species. We identify plants by their common names and these common names vary from region to region but there is one unique name for each plant which is called the botanical name of that particular plant.
The main purpose behind giving botanical names to each plant is to avoid confusion or misidentification processes as similar names always create confusion in the identification of plants.
Concept Used During Writing Botanical Name
Example: The botanical name of mango is Mangifera indica. While writing this botanical name Latin characters are always used and along with this that name of the scientist is also used, for giving them a unique botanical name.
Biological classification of an organism is a process by which we can categorise organisms on the basis of different groups and subgroups. These groups and subgroups are based on similarities and dissimilarities present in an organism. On this basis, these organisms are placed in different hierarchies of different categories.
Factors Necessary While Writing Biological Name
While writing biological names there are so many rules which should be followed to get the unique biological name of an organism. As the biological name helps us in identifying any plant among vast varieties of plants. We set features of the plant on the basis of their size, habitat, nutrition and various other notifying processes.
Objective Behind Biological Classification
There are so many objectives behind classifying any organism. These objectives are listed below:
1. Arrangement of organisms on the basis of their similarities and dissimilarities.
2. Behind biological classification there is a phylogenetic system which indicates the origin and evolution of the species.
3. With the help of biological classification it is easy to identify organisms.
Different Types of Classification
There are mainly three types of t classification:
1. Artificial System of Classification
In this type of classification, we refer to morphological features of an organism for grouping organisms in different categories. Few artificial classifications also use the habit and habitat of an organism. As per Aristotle, animals are divided into two categories like enaima (animal having red blood cell) and anime (animals without red blood cells). Further, he also classified organisms on the basis of habitats like aquatic organism (e.g: fish), terrestrial organism (e.g: reptiles), aerial organism i.e. who live in the air (e.g: birds, bats).
2. Natural System of Classification
In this type of classification, a number of resembling characters are considered by which we find so many similarities and dissimilarities present in an organism. This allows us to set up relations between different organisms. In the natural system of classification, we mainly consider morphological features, anatomical features, cytological features, reproductive features, etc by which we classify organisms.
Example: In biological classification, birds are classified on the basis of the presence of wings, feathers and their pneumatic bone whereas mammals are classified on the basis of the presence of reproductive ability.
3. Phylogenetic Classification
In this classification, we take the evolutionary relationship of an organism which is known as a phylogenetic relationship. Considering the features we classify organisms into different categories. The phylogenetic system was proposed by Engler and Prantl (1887-99). Zoologists believe that since similarity in structure represents a close evolutionary relationship, their natural classification represents evolutionary and phylogenetic classification.
Classification of Rose:
About Different Species of Rose:
Till date, there are 360 species of roses discovered and they are considered as flowering plants of genus Rosa.
All roses have multiple sets of soft petals along with thorns that are also there in stems. As per data which is based on fossil evidence, it is known that roses are about 35 million years old. Their colour varies from species to species. Due to this reason, they are used for both ornamental and landscaping purposes. One of the common uses of roses is that they are used for perfume making.
Some of the famous species of Rose are listed below:
The scientific name of roses is Rosa rubiginosa.
They are woody perennial flowering plants of the Rosa genus and Rosaceae family. All over the world, there are three hundred species of roses and about ten thousands of cultivars. Their main features are erect shrubs, climbing with the help of stems. Size of rose flowers varies from there species to species and they also have a wide range of colour variations like red, white, yellow, blue and many more. Most of their species are Asia originated and some of them are originated in Europe, North America, etc. Each species is easily hybridised and due to this reason, the development of a garden is very easy for roses.