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Introduction

A botanical name is a formal scientific name that follows the International Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi, and Plants (ICN), with extra cultivar or Group epithets that follow the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNP) (ICNCP). "All organisms traditionally treated as algae, fungi, or plants, whether fossil or non-fossil, including blue-green algae (Cyanobacteria), chytrids, oomycetes, slime moulds, and photosynthetic protists with their taxonomically related non-photosynthetic groups, including blue-green algae (Cyanobacteria), chytrids, oomycetes, slime moulds (but excluding Microsporidia).


Concept Used During Writing Botanical Name

Botanical Name Example: Mangifera indica is the scientific name for mango. To give them a unique botanical name, Latin characters are always used, as well as the scientist's name.


Biological classification is a method for classifying organisms into groups and subgroups. These classifications and subcategories are based on the organism's commonalities and differences. These organisms are categorised into various hierarchies based on this information.


Factors to Consider When Composing a Biological Name

There are numerous standards to follow while writing biological names in order to obtain an organism's unique biological name. The biological name aids in the identification of any plant among a large number of species. We categorise plant characteristics based on their size, environment, nutrition, and a variety of other signalling systems.


The Purpose of Biological Classification

There are numerous goals in classifying any creature. The following are the objectives:

  1. The classification of organisms is based on their similarities and differences.

  2. A phylogenetic framework lies behind biological taxonomy, indicating the species' origin and evolution.

  3.  It is simple to identify creatures using biological classification.


Types of Classification-

  1. Artificial Classification System

We use morphological traits of an organism to divide creatures into different categories in this sort of classification. Only a few artificial classifications take into account an organism's lifestyle and habitat. According to Aristotle, animals are separated into two categories: enaima (animal with red blood cells) and anime (animal without red blood cells) (animals without red blood cells). He also categorised organisms based on their habitats, such as aquatic organisms (such as fish), terrestrial organisms (such as reptiles), and aerial organisms (those that live in the air) (e.g: birds, bats).

  1. Natural Classification System

A number of like characters are considered in this sort of classification, which explains why an organism has so many similarities and differences. This enables us to establish relationships between various creatures. We classify organisms using morphological features, anatomical features, cytological features, reproductive aspects, and other factors in the natural categorization system.


Birds, for example, are classed biologically based on the presence of wings, feathers, and a pneumatic bone, whereas mammals are classified based on the presence of reproductive capabilities.

  1. Phylogenetic Classification is the third step in the classification process.

The evolutionary relationship of an organism, known as a phylogenetic relationship, is used in this classification. Organisms are classified into several categories based on their characteristics. Engler and Prantl proposed the phylogenetic system (1887-99). Because structural similarity indicates a close evolutionary relationship, zoologists feel that their natural taxonomy symbolises evolutionary and phylogenetic classification.


Classification of Rose

Kingdom: Plantae

Clade: Tracheophytes

Clade: Angiosperms

Order: Rosales

Family: Rosaceae

Subfamily: Rosoideae

Tribe: Roseae

Genus: Rosa


Species of Roses

Roses have been discovered in 360 species and are classified as blooming plants of the genus Rosa.


All roses feature numerous layers of delicate petals, as well as thorns in the stems. Roses are estimated to be 35 million years old, according to statistics based on fossil evidence. Their colour varies according to the species. They are employed for both ornamental and landscaping purposes as a result of this. Roses are used to making perfume, which is one of its most prevalent uses.


Examples:-

Rosa grandiflora

Rosa bonica

Rosa floribunda

Rosa gallicanae

Rosa pimpinellifolia


The Scientific Name of Roses is Rosa Rubiginosa.

A unique scientific name which is given to each organism studied under the domain of Botany, whether it be plants, algae, fungi, or extinct known as a botanical name. There are innumerable plant species on earth and we are surrounded by all such kinds of species. We identify plants by their common names and these common names vary from region to region but there is one unique name for each plant which is called the botanical name of that particular plant. 


The main purpose behind giving botanical names to each plant is to avoid confusion or misidentification processes as similar names always create confusion in the identification of plants.


Concept Used During Writing Botanical Name

Example: The botanical name of mango is Mangifera indica. While writing this botanical name Latin characters are always used and along with this the name of the scientist is also used, for giving them a unique botanical name. 


Biological classification of an organism is a process by which we can categorise organisms on the basis of different groups and subgroups. These groups and subgroups are based on similarities and dissimilarities present in an organism. On this basis, these organisms are placed in different hierarchies of different categories. 


Factors Necessary While Writing Biological Name

While writing biological names there are so many rules which should be followed to get the unique biological name of an organism. As the biological name helps us in identifying any plant among vast varieties of plants. We set features of the plant on the basis of their size, habitat, nutrition and various other notifying processes. 


Objective Behind Biological Classification

There are so many objectives behind classifying any organism. These objectives are listed below:

  1. Arrangement of organisms on the basis of their similarities and dissimilarities. 

  2. Behind biological classification, there is a phylogenetic system that indicates the origin and evolution of the species. 

  3. With the help of biological classification, it is easy to identify organisms.


About Rose:

They are woody perennial flowering plants of the Rosa genus and Rosaceae family. All over the world, there are three hundred species of roses and about ten thousand of cultivars. Their main features are erect shrubs, climbing with the help of stems. The size of rose flowers varies from there species to species and they also have a wide range of colour variations like red, white, yellow, blue and many more. Most of their species are Asia originated and some of them are originated in Europe, North America, etc. Each species is easily hybridised and due to this reason, the development of a garden is very easy for roses.

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FAQs on Botanical Name of Rose

1. To Which Tribe Does Rose Belong?

Rose belongs to the Roseae tribe.

2.  Define the Term Perennial?

Plants which live for more than two years are perennial plants. The perennial term is often used for plants with a short life. 


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