The grape is not only one of the most nourishing but also amongst the most delicious fruits. Owing to their nutrient content, low calorific value, taste, and composition, grapes are well-considered refreshing fruits. Grapes are also used for the preparation of products like jams, raisins, wine, and more. There are various species of grapes, and all of these species belong to the genus Vitis. The grapevine is one of the most commonly consumed types of grapes across the world. Some people wonder what the scientific name of grapes is. By going through this article, one will know that Vitis Vinifera is the botanical name of grapes.
Botanical Description of Vitis Vinifera
All Vitis are categorised by woody and climbing vines through tendrils typically 12-20 meters long. Most of the grapes self-pollinate as the flowers have both stamens as well as a functional pistil. Some grapes have pistillate flowers, which interplant for the process of pollination. Wind and insects help in the process of pollination.
The botanical name for grapes is Vinifera. These species are round, small, and edible berries that rise in limp clusters on the grapevine. The skin of grapes is commonly smooth and thin. Generally, the grape’s outer layer is coated with a whitish powdery or a fine layer of wax. Berries species contain a juicy pulp along with four seeds. Grapes often vary in colour, blue, purple, golden, red, and black.
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Grape species contain minerals such as phosphorus and calcium and are well-known to be a tremendous vitamin A source. All the species comprise sugar in different quantities that vary from one type to another.
Grapes Scientific Name and Family
Vitis Vinifera, the scientific name of grapes, was initiated in southwestern parts of Asia and southern Europe. Though, the grape is well-thought-out to be the fruit of the temperate region. However, the fruit has been acclimatised to numerous sub-tropical countries. The exact number of grape species is not certain. Some of the popular ones include:
Rotundifolia- This type of grape species is particular to the Southeastern United States. Generally, this refers to Magnolia and Scuppernong grapes. When harvested, this grape produces a slight quantity of fruit and has thick skin. These species contain low sugar as well as low acid contents. It makes Rotundifolia tremendous to make dessert wine.
Labrusca- It is an American grape species. Its varieties involve Niagara and Concord grapes, which one can find at any grocery store. This species has low pH levels and sugar, which makes it suitable to eat. Popularly known as a fox- grape, this species is common for eating and making sweet wines.
Aestivalis- Commonly known as the Lenoir and Norton grape, it is an American species of grape. This species has thick skin along with multiple seeds. Due to high sugar and low acid content, Aestivalis is used to make dry wines.
Vinifera- These grape species are mostly found in parts of Asia and Europe. In California also, Vinifera is commonly used to make wine. These have a high content of sugar plus found in different berry sizes. Syrah, Sangiovese, Chasselas, Muscat Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc, Flame Seedless, and Riesling are some of this grape species’ varieties. Since the high range of sugar content acts as a preserve, this species serves as an ideal type for transporting and raising.
Some other grape varieties involve Vitis Riparia, which is a wild vine used for making wine and jam, Vitis Vulpina, which is native to the Midwest east and New York, and more. Apart from the Vitaceae family, some hybrid grapes also exist.
In the selection of table grapes, seedlessness serves as the most expected quality. Seedless cultivators make up the great extent of commonly known table grape plantings. There are various sources of the seedlessness feature. Generally, all commercial cultivators get it from Russian seedless, Thompson seedless, and black monukka. All these are cultivars of the botanic name of grapes, that is, Vitis Vinifera.
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You may really wonder what the total species of grapes are. Do you know the scientific name of grapes?
Let us tell you that there are nearly 5000 varieties of Vitis Vinifera, the scientific name of grapes. These species often differ from one another in such characteristics as ripening time, location, colour, shape, and size of a berry. The different grape species are grown under various climatic conditions, plus distinct processes are applied to produce wines.