Biomes of the World

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On this planet, there are different things which have been categorized into different groups and subgroups based on their features. Different scientists used various methods or schemes for classifying every living thing to understand the relationships between different organisms. There are many groups, including different sorts of food we eat, the clothes we wear, sexes, ages, and a lot more. To make sense of complexity, we have categorized different types of environments found on Earth.


What is a Biome?

A biome can often be defined as an outsized biological community or an ecosystem where differing types of living organisms including plants, animals, birds, insects, and humans are habitual of living in a certain type of climate. The world comprises a huge diversity of the types of environments which are divided and grouped into different types of biomes and are mainly based on the adaptations, range of temperature, weather, and climatic conditions.


The word “Biome” was suggested by an ecologist Frederic Edward Clements within the year 1916 which mentioned the word community.


Kinds of Biomes

There are various sorts of biomes, the precise number of biomes during this world remains not known and keep it up varying. Desserts, different types of forest, polar regions, national parks, bird sanctuaries, zoos, aquatic life are some of the examples of Biomes. Based on the certain similarities and to make the classification simpler, the biomes are main groups according to the predominant vegetation and characterized by adaptations of organisms.


The Two Different Types of Biomes are:

  • Terrestrial Biomes or Land Biomes.

  • Aquatic or Water Biomes.

The terrestrial or the land biomes are categorized and termed consistent with the climate and therefore the climax vegetation of the region during which they're found. The climax vegetation is also called the biological community of plants, animals, birds and other living species that's stable and dominant after the various years of evolutionary development.


Since plants are an important source of nutrition and are the producers in the ecosystem, they determine the nature of the inhabiting animal population. Therefore, the climax vegetation governs the animal population.


The Major Kinds of Terrestrial Biomes Within the World are as Follows:

  • Tundra

  • Desert

  • Savana

  • Mountains

  • Grasslands

  • Rain forest

  • Polar region

  • Tropical forest

  • Taiga (Boreal Forest)

  • Northern Conifer Forest

  • Mediterranean scrub forest

  • Temperate Deciduous Forest


Aquatic Biomes or Water Biomes

Water is the most vital and essential element among the biological community. The total earth’s surface is covered by water which is nearly 70 to 80 per cent. Therefore, aquatic biomes are the most important and widest biome within the world. There are numerous species of aquatic plants and animals, both large and little. According to the taxonomy records, the marine habitats are older than the terrestrial habitats, as life originated in the oceans about billions of years ago.


Aquatic biomes are the foremost stable ecosystems on this planet and with the absence of water, most of the life forms would be unable to sustain themselves and therefore the Earth would be a lifeless and desert-like place.


Even though the water temperature varies, the aquatic areas tend to be more humid and the temperature of the air on the cooler side. This water biome mainly consists of aquatic plants and animals.


The aquatic biome provides a huge array of habitats, which support a staggering diversity of species. Scientists believe that they form the basis of aquatic food webs and contribute between 70 to 85 percent of the oxygen in Earth’s atmosphere.


As much as 80 to 85 percent of the atmospheric oxygen and the food and production (photosynthesis) takes place in water. There are two major sorts of aquatic biomes within the world:

  • Marine biomes

  • Freshwater biomes

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. What is a Biome?

Ans.  A biome can often be defined as an outsized biological community or an ecosystem where differing types of living organisms including plants, animals, birds, insects, and humans are habitual of living in a certain type of climate. The world comprises a huge diversity of the types of environments which are divided and grouped into different types of biomes and are mainly based on the adaptations, range of temperature, weather, and climatic conditions.

Q2. What are the Two Types of Biomes?

Ans - The two different types of biomes are:

  • Terrestrial Biomes or Land Biomes.

  • Aquatic or Water Biomes.

Q3. What are Water Biomes?

Ans - Aquatic biomes are the foremost stable ecosystems on this planet and with the absence of water, most of the life forms would be unable to sustain themselves and therefore the Earth would be a lifeless and desert-like place.


Even though the water temperature varies, the aquatic areas tend to be more humid and the temperature of the air on the cooler side. This water biome mainly consists of aquatic plants and animals.