Acidity, also known as acid reflux, is an ill-health or medical condition caused due to the production of excessive acid in the stomach. Under this condition, the stomach’s acid flows back into the food pipe and causes a burning sensation or pain in the lower chest cavity. There can be several causes and symptoms of acidity, but in general, acidity in stomach symptoms are nausea, stomach ache, burning sensation, bad breath, etc. According to doctors and nutritionists, unhealthy food habits and poor diet can be the leading causes of acidity. Living an unhealthy lifestyle and eating junk food can develop high acidity symptoms in human beings. Now, let’s have an overview of the symptoms of acidity in the stomach.
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Stomach Acidity Symptoms
The stomach acidity can be accompanied by various symptoms such as indigestion, bad breath, nausea, vomiting, heartburn, constipation, etc. Here are some of the most common stomach acidity symptoms:
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Nausea: Most people who develop acidity in the stomach complain but have nausea. Nausea is a medical condition in which people feel uneasy and have a feeling of vomiting.
Bad Breath: It is one of the most common symptoms of acidity, in which the person who has high acid reflux in the body has bad-smelling breath.
Indigestion: Indigestion is the most commonly known symptoms of acidity in the stomach. It is caused when the food particles are partially disgusted or not digested at all.
Restlessness: Restlessness can be an acidity problem symptom. Under this, the person suffering from acidity can feel uneasy and find it difficult to relax or rest.
Constipation: Constipation can be one of the acidity symptoms in which the person having acidity can find it difficult to excrete.
Heartburn: Heartburn can be one of the hyper-acidity symptoms, where a person with a high amount of acid in the stomach complains about a burning sensation in the heart. In most cases, heartburn can cause severe damage to health.
Inflammation: In acidity, the food contents in the stomach can fall back to the food pipe or the oesophagus, causing irritation or inflammation. So, inflammation can be termed as one of the stomach acidity symptoms.
Stomach Ulcers: Stomach ulcers can result from too much acidity in the body, symptoms of which can be pain in the stomach and weight loss. Stomach ulcers can be classified under high acidity symptoms.
Regurgitation: It can be one of the typical acidities in stomach symptoms, in which the food swallowed can fall back into the food pipe or mouth, thereby causing vomiting.
Excessive Vomiting: As though the acidity is accompanied by indigestion and nausea, in such a case, vomiting can be termed as a gastric acidity symptom. In acidity, the formation of gases in the stomach is common, leading to excessive vomiting.
Severe Pain in Chest and Abdomen: Hyper-acidity symptoms can result in severe pain in the chest and abdomen, which is caused due to the formation of a heavy amount of unwanted hydrochloric acid.
Besides the symptoms mentioned above, there can be several other fatal and severe acidity symptoms such as a burning sensation in the throat and stomach, a sour taste in the mouth, and difficulty swallowing food.
Stomach Acidity Causes
The stomach produces gastric juices, also known as stomach acid, to break down the food particles into simpler substances so that the body can absorb them. The acid produced by the stomach mainly consists of sodium chloride, potassium chloride, and hydrochloric acid. Among the three, hydrochloric acid is a strong acid, and it helps in the digestion of food. Along with that, it also destroys unknown antibodies that enter the body with the food.
When there is an upsurge in the amount of acid produced by the stomach, it can cause acidity. Acidity can also be caused by overeating, stress, unhealthy food habits, etc. In most cases, acidity is formed in the stomach due to the overconsumption of junk, oily, and spicy food.
Treatment of Acidity
Acidity is a common problem in many people today, and it can be treated with the help of proper medication. The medication for acidity primarily includes antacids and indigestion drugs. The antacids cause the acids to neutralize and stop the overproduction of acid. It gives relief to the stomach and reduces the burning sensation.