CBSE Class 9 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 4 Notes - Working of Institutions


Working of Institutions Class 9 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 4 - PDF Download

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Working of Institutions is the chapter which explains the importance of rules and procedures which regulate a leader’s rule in a democratic government. These rules and regulations are projected by and enforced by institutions found within a government. This chapter’s approach to political science entails how institutions function in India and how they affect major decisions influencing the State’s ruling. In addition to the before-mentioned, this chapter majorly concerns itself with 3 institution’s which are known as the state’s agencies: (i) The legislature (ii) The judiciary (iii) The executive branch of the government. To understand the working of institutions, refer to the working of the institution’s class 9 notes. 

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FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Which House is more important in the Parliament?

Both the houses (Lok Sabha & Rajya Sabha), have a major influence on governmental actions, without them existing the Parliament would not be able to come to a conclusive decision. The two houses allow the Parliament to discuss a subject matter in an open forum with two sides. However, the Lok Sabha can exercise supreme power on most matters. 

The two houses have equal power in terms of voicing what pertinent issues they think should be addressed. However, when the two houses conduct meetings between them, it is the Lok Sabha which plays the deciding factor. 

2. What is the role of the executive branch of the government?

The role of the executive branch is essentially divided between two types: I. the political executive and II. the permanent executive. Political executives are those elected by the people and are established as such for a specific period of time. E.g. the prime minister. Permanent executives are those who are elected for a longer duration of time, they are also known as civil services. Even after the ruling party loses or changes, civil servants remain in office. 

This question will be better answered if one reviews the role of the government’s executive powers by referring to the working of institutions class 9 NCERT notes.