Working of Institutions Class 9 Notes Political Science (Civics) Chapter 4 - PDF Download
Working of Institutions is the chapter which explains the importance of rules and procedures which regulate a leader’s rule in a democratic government. These rules and regulations are projected by and enforced by institutions found within a government. This chapter’s approach to political science entails how institutions function in India and how they affect major decisions influencing the State’s ruling. In addition to the before-mentioned, this chapter majorly concerns itself with 3 institution’s which are known as the state’s agencies: (i) The legislature (ii) The judiciary (iii) The executive branch of the government. To understand the working of institutions, refer to the working of the institution’s class 9 notes.
FAQs on Working of Institutions Class 9 Notes CBSE Political Science Chapter 4 [Free PDF Download]
1. Which House is more important in the Parliament?
Both the houses (Lok Sabha & Rajya Sabha), have a major influence on governmental actions, without them existing the Parliament would not be able to come to a conclusive decision. The two houses allow the Parliament to discuss a subject matter in an open forum with two sides. However, the Lok Sabha can exercise supreme power on most matters.
The two houses have equal power in terms of voicing what pertinent issues they think should be addressed. However, when the two houses conduct meetings between them, it is the Lok Sabha which plays the deciding factor.
2. What is the role of the executive branch of the government?
The role of the executive branch is essentially divided between two types: I. the political executive and II. the permanent executive. Political executives are those elected by the people and are established as such for a specific period of time. E.g. the prime minister. Permanent executives are those who are elected for a longer duration of time, they are also known as civil services. Even after the ruling party loses or changes, civil servants remain in office.
This question will be better answered if one reviews the role of the government’s executive powers by referring to the working of institutions class 9 NCERT notes.
3. What is the working of an institution?
In a democracy, people choose their representatives. The representatives then form the government to govern the state and its citizens. To ensure that democracy functions effectively and for the welfare of all, our Constitution has provisions of various independent institutions. The chapter teaches you how these institutions work, their importance and their relevance. Some of these institutions are the Parliament, the Supreme Court and the Election Commission. All the institutions are independent and work together to further democracy and promote democratic values.
4. What are institutions in Class 9 Political Science Chapter 4?
The Institutions mentioned in Class 9 Political Science Chapter 4 are:
Prime Minister and the Council
These institutions are independent of each other so that they can perform their functions without any hindrance from other Institutions. They have their respective jurisdictions and exercise their discretion. The institutions have different roles that are conferred on them by the Constitution. Their independence ensures that they can function properly without any fear of interference.
5. What do you understand about the term “Council of Ministers”?
After the President appoints the Prime Minister, he or she appoints other ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister. These Ministers head various important departments and ministries. The Council of Ministers is the group of all such ministers. The Prime Minister is the chairperson of the council. The council is the part of the executive that administers the way the government works. The council consists of cabinet ministers and ministers of state. The number of council members varies between 60 to 80. To know more students can refer to the vedantu app.
6. Who has the authority to make laws in a democracy?
The authority to make laws is bestowed upon the Parliament by the constitution. In a democracy, regular elections are held. The citizens who are above 18 years of age are eligible to vote. The candidate who has the maximum votes is chosen as their representative. All the representatives become members of the Parliament. The Parliament also has members that are nominated by the President. When a bill is introduced in Parliament, it is voted upon. The bill is forwarded to the President only after it is passed by the Parliament. The President's stamp is what makes a bill law.
7. What is the role of the judiciary?
Judiciary is an important pillar of democracy. It ensures that the democratic form of government is not converted into an authoritarian form. It protects the basic fundamental rights of the citizens. It protects citizens from the arbitrary laws of the government. It settles disputes between individuals, governments and between citizens and government. It oversees and supervises the functioning of all the courts in the country. It is the highest court of appeal. Its independence ensures that it can perform its functions without interference by any other organ of democracy. To study more and revise the topics students can download the Class 9 social science notes free of cost from the vedantu website.