CBSE Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 Notes - Motions of the Earth


Motions of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 3 - PDF Download
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What Are The Two Types of Motions of The Earth? 

The Planet Earth has two types of motions: Rotation and Revolution.

  • Rotation: When the planet earth spins on its axis, it is called rotation. It rotates counterclockwise or west to east when viewed from the North Pole.

  • Revolution: When the planet earth moves around the sun in a fixed orbit or path, it is called revolution. At this time, the earth is also performing a rotation.

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FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the inclination angle of the earth’s axis with its orbital plane?

The inclination angle of the earth’s axis with its orbital plane is 66½°.

2. What is a leap year?

A year consisting of 366 days is a leap year. It comes every four years, and, in this year, the month of February has 29 days instead of 28 days.

3. Why does the Southern Hemisphere experience Summer and Winter Solstice at different times than that of the Northern Hemisphere?

The Earth is divided into two hemispheres and is continuously revolving around the sun, and it is divided into two hemispheres. The portion of the earth which faces the sun experiences summer and the part which is away from the sun experiences winter. Therefore, the Southern Hemisphere experiences Winter and Summer Solstice at different times than that of the Northern Hemisphere.

4. Why do the North and South poles experience six months day and six months night?

The Poles experience six months of day and six months of nights as the earth inclined on its own axis. Due to this inclination, for six months, one pole is always towards the sun and another pole away from the sun. That is why there are continuous day and night for six months at the poles.

5. Can Vedantu’s revision notes for Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 help you score high marks?

Chapter 3 “Motions of the Earth” introduces students to fascinating concepts of rotation, revolution,  different positions of the earth, and its effects. Needless to say, the chapter has some important definitions and terms that might seem complicated to the students. Vedantu's Revision Notes for Chapter 3 group all these important key points in one concise set of notes. They are perfect for exam preparation and revision. Hence, students must refer to these notes to score high marks.

6. Is there a need to refer to extra study material for Class 6 Geography?

Geography can, at times, seem like a dry and boring subject to students as it requires a lot of reading. However, if students make an effort to understand the concepts mentioned therein, they will be able to enjoy the subject and find it fascinating. Referring to extra materials like engaging explanations, revision notes, important questions, relevant videos, and free masterclasses helps students and enhance their grasp on the subject and have fun while studying. Consequently, they can perform better in examinations.

7. List the topics that are covered in Chapter 3 of Class 6 Geography.

Chapter 3 “Motions of the Earth” aims to teach students about the different positions and motions of the earth and their effects on us. It introduces students to important topics like:

  • Rotation

  • Revolutions

  • Circle of illumination

  • Orbital plane

  • Leap year

  • Elliptical orbit

  • Summer solstice

  • Winter solstice

  • Equinox 

If you want to understand these concepts more accurately and to make detailed notes, then go through the  CBSE Class 6 Geography Chapter 3 revision notes available on the official website of Vedantu. You can also access all the study materials using the Vedantu app. All the materials are free of cost .

8. What are the movements of the Earth?

Earth has two main types of motions referred to as rotation and revolution. When the Earth rotates on its axis, it is referred to as the rotation of the Earth. The earth takes 24 hours to finish one rotation on its axis. This is called a day. The movement of the Earth around the sun on a fixed path or orbit is called revolution. 

9. What is the daily motion of the Earth called?

The daily motion of the earth is called its rotation. This happens when the earth rotates on its axis. The Earth takes about 24 hours with respect to the Sun to complete one full rotation. This causes the change in night and day on our planet and it is referred to as Earth day. The portion facing the sun experiences day and the portion of the earth facing away from the sun experiences night.