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Electricity and Circuits Class 6 Notes CBSE Science Chapter 12 (Free PDF Download)

Last updated date: 18th Apr 2024
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Revision Notes for CBSE Class 6 Science Chapter 12 - Free PDF Download

Free PDF download of Class 6 Science Chapter 12 - Electricity and Circuits Revision Notes & Short Key-notes prepared by expert Science teachers from the latest edition of CBSE(NCERT) books. Register Online for NCERT Class 6 Science tuition on to score more marks in CBSE board examination.

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Access Class 6 Science Chapter 12 – Electricity and Circuits

Definition of Electricity:

Electricity is the flow of electrical power or the charges (electrons) through a proper medium commonly the wires we see in our homes. The source of electric currents can be through a battery, generators, invertors, dry or electric cells and might be converted from other sources of energy.

Electric Circuit:

Electric circuit is a closed path that provides a continuous flow of electrons or electric current from a voltage or current source to the equipment being used. In a circuit, the current is said to flow from one terminal of a power source or say a cell to another terminal. Generally, the starting terminal is taken as positive and the ending terminal as negative. A basic circuit can be a bulb connected to a battery by means of two wires such that the bulb starts glowing given the battery isn’t dead and the bulb is not fused.

This path of current flow or a circuit can be represented using various symbols and notation for different components and is called a circuit diagram.

Open and Closed Circuits:

The path travelled by the electric current from one terminal to its other terminal when it is unbroken and continuous then it is called a closed circuit and if the same path is broken somewhere along the path that stops current to flow continuously is called an open circuit.

Electrical Components:

1. Wires: These are the electrical conductors used to connect two or more electrical components and allow the flow of current. The wires are generally made of metals that are good conductors of electricity and based on the usage, the type of metal and the dimension of wire is selected.

2. Bulb: It is a glass case composed of a filament inside it connected to the two terminals and which gets heated up upon the passage of electric current and emits light. The filament wire is generally made up of coiled tungsten wire. The electricity is supplied through the two terminals between which the filament is present.

3. Electric Cell or Dry Cell: It is a kind of device that stores chemical energy and converts it into electrical energy that can be used for different purposes. It has two terminals namely positive and negative. Inside a cell, the charges flow from the negative terminal to positive terminal while the reverse happens outside the cell.

4. Battery: This is made up of a combination of two or more cells combined in a series configuration.

5. Switch: It is a simple device used in an electrical circuit to allow or restrict the continuous flow of current. It is placed between a gap in a circuit and when turned on, it fills the gap with a conducting medium making the circuit work and when off breaks the circuit by removing the conducting medium from the gap.

The above components together can be seen in an electric torch that consists of connecting wires, battery and an LED (Light Emitting Diode) bulb.

Electrical Conductors and Insulators:

Electrical conductors are the materials that allow the flow of electricity through it. All the metals come under the category of good conductors of electricity. Among non-metals only carbon can conduct electricity which can be experimented by connecting wires across the two ends of a pencil.

On the contrary, the materials that do not allow electric currents to flow through it are called the bad conductors or the insulators. Some examples of insulators are plastic, rubber, dry wood, PVC etc.

Effects of Electricity:

The flow of electric current through a material is accompanied with some other effects which sometimes are used for other purposes or causes energy losses. Some of the effects are as follows;

  • Heating Effect: This effect is used in electric heaters, ovens, etc.

  • Lighting Effect: The primary example is an electric bulb.

  • Magnetic Effect: Used in electromagnets.

Chapter Summary - Electricity and Circuits

In Class 6 Science Chapter 12 - Electricity and Circuits, students delve into the fascinating world of electrical circuits. The chapter explores the basics of electricity, introducing concepts like conductors and insulators. Students learn about the different components of an electrical circuit and how to assemble them. Practical examples and real-life applications help in understanding the significance of circuits in our daily lives. The chapter aims to provide a foundational understanding of electricity, fostering curiosity and knowledge among Class 6 students. With engaging content, it equips them to comprehend the essential principles of circuits and their role in powering various devices.

Easy Hacks to Learn Electricity and Circuits Chapter

Let’s go on an exciting learning journey with these 5 easy hacks for understanding the "Electricity and Circuits" chapter in class 6. These practical tips aim to make complex concepts accessible and enjoyable for young learners.

1. Hands-On Experiments: Engage in simple experiments to understand the basics of circuits. Create your own circuits using batteries, bulbs, and wires to see the concepts in action.

2. Visual Aids: Use diagrams and visual aids to grasp the flow of electricity. Draw circuit diagrams to visualize how components are connected and understand their functions.

3. Everyday Applications: Relate circuit concepts to everyday items. Identify where circuits are present in your surroundings, like switches, bulbs, and appliances, making learning more practical and relatable.

4. Group Study: Collaborate with classmates for group study sessions. Discussing concepts with peers helps reinforce learning, and group activities can make understanding circuits more dynamic.

5. Ask Questions: Don't hesitate to ask questions. Whether in class or during self-study, seeking clarification on doubts enhances understanding. Teachers, classmates, or online resources can provide valuable insights and explanations.

What are the Benefits of Referring to Vedantu’s Revision Notes for Class 6 Science Chapter 12 - Electricity and Circuits

Explore the world of electricity and circuits with Vedantu's Revision Notes for Class 6 Science Chapter 12. These notes are tailored to simplify complex concepts and ensure a deeper understanding of the chapter.

1. Clear Concept Summaries: Delve into concise summaries tailored to the specific concepts of "Electricity and Circuits," aiding quick comprehension.

2. Simplified Complex Topics: Complex electrical concepts are broken down, ensuring easy understanding of the intricate details within the chapter.

3. Efficient Exam Prep Tool: Tailored for effective last-minute preparations, the notes act as a reliable resource for optimal exam readiness.

4. Enhanced Information Retention: Designed to reinforce memory, these notes facilitate the retention of crucial information related to electricity and circuits.

5. Exam Preparation Support: Key points and tips specific to the "Electricity and Circuits" chapter are provided, aiding students in strategic exam preparation.

6. Time-Saving Consolidation: By consolidating relevant information, these notes save valuable time, allowing students to focus on targeted study areas.

7. Prioritization of Topics and Questions: The notes prioritize important topics and questions within the "Electricity and Circuits" chapter, aligning with exam requirements.

8. Real-World Connections through Practical Examples: Practical examples embedded in the notes establish real-world connections, enriching the understanding of theoretical concepts.

9. Boosted Confidence for Exams: These resources act as confidence boosters, equipping students with comprehensive knowledge and preparation for exams.


The revision notes for CBSE Class 6 Science Chapter 12 - Electricity and Circuits provide a comprehensive understanding of fundamental electrical concepts. Students gain insights into the properties and characteristics of electricity, getting a strong foundation. The well-organized format aids efficient revision, ensuring better retention of key details. With practical examples and real-life applications, these notes enhance subject understanding, making them essential for academic excellence in the world of electricity and circuits. Proven invaluable in academic success, these notes empower students to excel in their studies and build a strong understanding of the fascinating world of electrical circuits.

FAQs on Electricity and Circuits Class 6 Notes CBSE Science Chapter 12 (Free PDF Download)

1. What is an electric circuit as per Science Chapter 12 of Class 6?

The concept of electricity and circuits is clearly and simply explained in Chapter 12 of Class 6 Science. Electricity is defined as the flow of electrons or charges that pass through a proper medium of conduction like the wires generally sourced from batteries, cells, or generators. An electric circuit is a closed path of conduction that allows the continuous flow of electrons from one end of the current source to the other terminal end of the equipment being used.

2. What do we learn from Chapter 12 “Electricity and Circuits” of Class 6?

Chapter 12 “Electricity and Circuits” of Class 6 Science defines electricity as the flow of electrons through a circuit and the sources of electricity and it illustrates the concept of conduction of electricity through a circuit. It also describes the requirements of a complete circuit and the electrical components needed in a circuit. It lists down the various conductors and insulators of electricity. The chapter further explains the effects of electricity such as the heating effect, lighting effect and magnetic effect.

3. What are the various components of the electric circuit?

An electric circuit enables a continuous flow of electrons or charges through the medium of conduction, and it requires the following components to ensure the smooth functioning of the circuit. The components include wires that are used for conduction, an electric bulb to check the applicability of the circuit, a cell, a device that converts chemical energy into electrical energy or battery which is a combination of cells, and a switch, to open or close the function of the circuit.

4. What are electric conductors and insulators?

Electricity is a flow of charge from one end of the current source to the other terminal end. The objects that allow the conduction of the flow of current through the circuit are known as conductors. All the metals and carbon, which is non-metal, are known to be conductors of electricity as they easily conduct the flow of electrons through them. The objects that do not let electrons pass through them are known as insulators or bad conductors of electricity. To know more students can visit the Vedantu app or website.

5. What are the effects of electricity according to Class 6 Science Chapter 12?

Usually, the flow of electric charges through a medium is accompanied by some effects. These effects are caused due to electricity and are used for other purposes that help in carrying out several tasks. The different effects of electricity are the heating effect, which is used in iron, electric heaters, the lighting effect, which is used in the lighting of a bulb or the like, and the magnetic effect of electricity which is used in the field of electromagnetics. To know more and revise this chapter, students can download the revision notes free of cost from the Vedantu website.