Wilt is a very common symptom that we see in plants that are suffering from certain diseases that can be caused by water loss. One of the main problems that plants tend to face during warmer weather is the loss of water in stems and leaves. This could be one of the main reasons for this disease that they have. Wilt is a very common disease and hence students need to gather all the information that they can about it. Hence, in this article, we are going to talk about wilt meaning and so much more so that you can understand it in a better way.
What is the Meaning of Wilt?
The literal meaning of the word wilt is to droop down and that is exactly what happens to the plants. When there is no water being provided to the stems and the leaves of the plants, these parts tend to get affected a lot. Hence, they tend to lose the turgidity that they have and then they will droop down.
Some other types of wilt disease can be caused by some other factors. Some of these factors include bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Here is another thing to keep in mind about this particular disease. Wilt is often confused with crown rots and rots on the roots. It is also often confused with insect injuries, stem cankers, soil compaction, and some other form of problems that are non-infectious in nature. There are some other details about the disease that students will need to know about.
Apart from answering the question what is the meaning of wilt, we are also tackling the different types of wilt that will provide the students with all the additional pieces of information.
1. Bacterial Wilt
Bacterial Wilt can be caused by so many different types of the species Pseudomonas, Erwinia, Corynebacterium, and so many others. These bacteria can also cause some other problems in the plants such as withering, stunting, and some other problems as well. These bacteria tend to affect the younger leaves first. Not to mention that the stems are the ones that tend to wither and shrivel completely. Also, you might be able to find a particular type of bacterial oozing in the area where the stems are cut. This is one of the most common types of wilt disease. So, students need to know all about it. This bacterial wilt will affect the leaves first and then the other parts of the plant.
2. Oak Wilt
When you know the wilt meaning in Hindi, then you are prepared to know some other details. Oak wilt is another one of the wilt problems that are caused by fungal infections. The fungus Ceratocystis fagacearum is responsible for this type of wilt disease and it is certainly very serious. Most of the different species of oaks can be considered susceptible to this form of disease. The trees that are included in the family of red oaks are the ones that tend to wither and die during their first few weeks in the first. The leaves of the plant will turn the colour dull green and pale. They will look completely water-starved and then will curl upward to finally turn yellow and then die.
3. Spotted Wilt
Here is another example of wilt that can be caused by viruses in the first place. These viruses get transmitted very easily from the larvae that come along with certain insect species that are known as thrips. The plants that are often affected by this type of virus are most bunchy and stunted in the first place. Then they will have purplish, brown, yellow, and red-coloured rings that tend to form on the leaves of the plant. In some cases, these might also resemble spots, hence the name of the issue. The plants are readily affected by this particular type of wilt infection and the leaves tend to turn bronze and yellow.
4. Verticillium Wilt
The verticillium wilt is an extremely dangerous and destructive sort of fungal disease that tends to affect the plants that are a part of the cooler regions and climates. There are so many hundreds of species of plants, vines, flowers, shrubs, vegetables, field crops, fruits, weeds, and trees that tend to get affected by this fungal wilt. The main cause for this issue is known as Verticillium albo-atrium which is an ascomycete fungus and it inhabits the soil. The leaves of the plant that are affected by it will turn completely yellow from green and then will wither and slowly die. It also tends to affect the roots of the plant since the fungus is located in the soil.