Uric Acid Symptoms

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Humans are Ureotelic organisms, which means the major waste product generated in our body is urea. Along with urea, uric acid is also a waste generated in our body as a result of digestion and absorption of food that we eat. Food molecules containing purines generate the waste product uric acid in the body. High levels of purines are found in some food products like meat, dried beans, and beverages like beer.

Kidneys are the primary organ involved in the process of excretion and are responsible for eliminating wastes in the form of urine from the body. When we consume an excess of purines containing food and our kidneys fail to excrete all the amount of uric acid from the body, it leads to the build-up of uric acid in the body. This build-up also takes place in our blood cells and it leads to an abnormal condition known as hyperuricemia. High levels of uric acid in the body and blood cells are responsible for causing various diseases and abnormalities in the body. This includes diseases like Diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, psoriasis, arthritis, gout, etc.


Causes of High Uric Acid

When kidneys fail to eliminate the waste product uric acid from the body efficiently, it leads to hyperuricemia. Numerous factors leading to uric acid build up in the body are as follows-

  • Renal insufficiency which means inefficiently functioning kidneys that do not expel the uric acid generated completely from the body.

  • An unhealthy diet that includes the consumption of purine containing food like meat, beans, etc. Consumption of alcohol, beer, etc.

  • Health conditions like diabetes, blood pressure, kidney diseases, high cholesterol, obesity, hyperthyroidism, etc.

  • Some genetic disorders also result in high uric acid levels.

  • Under rare conditions, tumors, use of certain medications, or a few vitamin deficiencies also lead to high uric acid levels.


Symptoms of High Uric Acid

There is no surety test except a blood test to confirm high uric acid levels, but the symptoms listed below indicate high uric acid levels. The symptoms vary from person to person and a person may or may not have a combination of these symptoms.

  • Fatigue, loss of energy

  • Dry and chapped skin

  • Constipation

  • Swollen and painful joints due to the build-up of uric acid crystals around the joints.

  • Muscle stiffness

  • Disorders of the kidney

  • Weakness, muscle pains, and weakness

  • Tender and achy muscles

  • Sudden and extreme pain in joints and on foot.

  • One of the well-known symptoms of high uric acid is a condition called Gout. It is a type of arthritis that causes inflammation in one of the joints which occur suddenly. The gout pain in the joint occurs because of the presence of uric acid crystals that are sharp like needles around the joints.


Preventions of High Uric Acid

Uric acid levels can be lowered by natural preventative measures. These measures include-

  • Weight reduction, exercises, yoga, and a healthy diet. Obesity of the reasons causing high uric acid levels in the body.

  • Consumption of low-fat dairy products.

  • Avoiding alcohol, beer, and soft drinks.

  • Drinking a lot of water and natural decoctions. Tea is a very good natural beverage that also supports the proper functioning of kidneys.

  • Avoiding purine-rich foods.

  • Avoiding dehydration.

  • Reducing sugar intake.


Points to Remember

  1. The normal range of uric acid levels in the body is 2.4-6.0 mg/dL for females and 3.4-7.0 mg/dL for males. Anything above this is considered hyperuricemia.

  2. Chronic gout is caused by high uric acid levels and it has to be treated medically because if left untreated irreversible joint damage, kidney problems, and tophi.

  3. High purine containing food should not be consumed in excess to prevent high uric acid levels.

  4. A healthy diet, exercise, and keeping well hydrated can prevent high levels of uric acid.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is Hyperuricemia?

Kidneys are the primary organ involved in the process of excretion and are responsible for eliminating wastes in the form of urine from the body. When we consume an excess of purines containing food and our kidneys fail to excrete all the amount of uric acid from the body, it leads to the build-up of uric acid in the body. This build-up also takes place in our blood cells and it leads to an abnormal condition known as hyperuricemia.

2. What are The Causes of Hyperuricemia?

When kidneys fail to eliminate the waste product uric acid from the body efficiently, it leads to hyperuricemia. Numerous factors leading to uric acid build up in the body are as follows-

Renal insufficiency

Renal insufficiency means inefficiently functioning kidneys that do not expel the uric acid generated completely from the body.

An unhealthy diet that includes the consumption of purine containing food like meat, beans, etc. Consumption of alcohol, beer, etc.

Health conditions like diabetes, blood pressure, kidney diseases, high cholesterol, obesity, hyperthyroidism, etc.

Some genetic disorders also result in high uric acid levels.

Under rare conditions, tumors, use of certain medications, or a few vitamin deficiencies also lead to high uric acid levels.

3. How to Prevent High Uric Acid Levels?

Uric acid levels can be lowered by natural preventative measures. These measures include-

Weight reduction, exercises, yoga, and a healthy diet. Obesity of the reasons causing high uric acid levels in the body.

Consumption of low-fat dairy products.

Avoiding alcohol, beer, and soft drinks.

Drinking a lot of water and natural decoctions. Tea is a very good natural beverage that also supports the proper functioning of kidneys.

Avoiding purine-rich foods.

Avoiding dehydration.

Reducing sugar intake.